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1. (TCO 1) Which of the following is a function of modern-day psychologists?

1. (TCO 1) Which of the following is a function of modern-day psychologists? (Points : 2)
read your thoughts
study conformity
study the future
study how the positions of planets influence a person's personality

2. (TCO 1) If Dr. A is interested in studying why individuals with antisocial personality continue to commit crimes and hurt others without feeling any remorse, on what goal of psychology is Dr. A focused? (Points : 2)
describing behavior
explaining behavior
predicting behavior
changing behavior

3. (TCO 1) Research has shown that watching aggression on television causes children to become physically more aggressive. As a result, the V-chip was created. What goal of psychology does this best represent? (Points : 2)
describing behavior
explaining behavior
predicting behavior
changing behavior

4. (TCO 1) _____ investigates how mental processes help people adapt to their environment. (Points : 2)
Structuralism
Gestalt
Cognitive processing
Functionalism

5. (TCO 1) The belief that the unconscious mind has an influence on one's behavior is part of what theory of personality? (Points : 2)
psychobiological
psychosocial
psychoanalytic
psychobehavioral

6. (TCO 1) Behaviorists were different conceptually from earlier psychologists and ____ (Points : 2)
rejected the practice of introspection.
rejected the influence of unconscious forces.
believed classical conditioning only applied to animals such as Pavlov's dogs.
a and b

7. (TCO 1) The fact that humans can voluntarily choose to engage in behavior is known as ________. (Points : 2)
self actualization
free will
conditioning
introspection

8. (TCO 1) The model that likens the mind to a computer that sequentially takes in information, processes it, and then produces a response is called the ________. (Points : 2)
stepwise model
information processing model
cognitive processing model
reasoning approach

9. (TCO 2) Applied research is BEST defined as research that explores: (Points : 2)
unique problems applicable to an individual person in a laboratory setting.
practical problems outside the laboratory in real-world settings.
problems that apply to a controlled laboratory setting.
problems that address the application of the mind-body principle.

10. (TCO 2) A hypothesis is a _____. (Points : 2)
specific prediction about how one variable is related to another
precise definition of how variables will be observed and measured in a study
concept that explains previously gathered data
simplified theory

11. (TCO 2) Debriefing is _____. (Points : 2)
interviewing subjects after a study to find out what they were thinking during their participation
explaining the purpose of the study, anticipated results, and deceptions used when the study is over
disclosing potential physical and emotional risks, and the nature of the study prior to its beginning
interviewing subjects after a study to determine whether any deceptions were effective in preventing them from learning the true purpose of the study

12. (TCO 2) In a naturalistic observation, a researcher would be most likely to do which of the following? (Points : 2)
conduct an in-depth study of a single subject
observe participants as they behave naturally in the laboratory
observe and systematically record behavior in a participant's natural state or habitat
determine cause and effect

13. (TCO 2) Surveys can be used to _____ behavior. (Points : 2)
define
predict
explain and change
change

14. (TCO 2) In an experiment to determine if rewards will increase recycling efforts on campus, the dependent variable is _____. (Points : 2)
rewards vs. no rewards
the amount of recycling done by students and faculty on campus
the students who recycle
a and c

15. (TCO 2) In a study in which neither the patient nor the physician knows whether a patient is getting the drug or the placebo, 85% of participants and patients were correct in identifying whether they were in the experimental or control condition. Contrary to design expectations, the experiment was not ________. (Points : 2)
effective
reliable
correlational
double blind

16. (TCO 2) Which of the following is an example of a zero correlation? (Points : 2)
the relationship between your grades and how much time you spend studying
the relationship between your alcohol consumption and physical reaction time
the relationship between intensity of rain and umbrella use
The relationship between your adult height and intelligence

17. (TCO 3) If a trait is recessive, this means it will take _____ gene(s) for the trait to manifest itself in one's offspring. (Points : 2)
1 dominant
2 recessive
2 dominant
3 or more recessive

18. (TCO 3) A neuron is _____. (Points : 2)
the part of a nerve cell that receives information.
the part of a nerve cell that sends information.
the part of a nerve cell that creates energy.
a cell of the nervous system responsible for receiving and transmitting electrochemical information.

19. (TCO 3) What is the part of the neuron that performs cleanup tasks and insulates one neuron from another so that neural messages do not get "scrambled?" (Points : 2)
soma
dendrites
axons
glial cells

20. (TCO 3) The tips of the branches of the axon are called _____. (Points : 2)
dendrites
terminal buttons
soma
mitochondria

21. (TCO 3) Molecules that carry positive or negative electrical charges are called _____. (Points : 2)
ions
chemicals
charged substances
neurotransmitters

22. (TCO 3) If you run a marathon, your body will release _____ to elevate your mood and reduce your pain. (Points : 2)
lactic acid
epinephrine
norepinephrine
endorphins

23. (TCO 3) One of the hormones released by the adrenal glands in response to stress is ________. (Points : 2)
cortisol
serotonin
dopamine
GABA

24. (TCO 3) We are able to learn a new language or a new sport because of the brain's ability towards ______. (Points : 2)
neurogenesis
action potentials
neurotransmission
neuroplasticity

25. (TCO 3) When your hand touches a hot stove, you immediately and reflexively pull it away. This action was controlled by your _______________. (Points : 2)
central nervous system
spinal cord
brain
reflexes

26. (TCO 3) When a student raises her hand so that she can answer a teacher's question, ___________ division of the nervous system was responsible for her hand going up. (Points : 2)
central nervous system
autonomic nervous system
somatic nervous system
parasympathetic nervous system

27. (TCO 3) The _____ nervous system is responsible for fight or flight whereas the _____ nervous system is responsible for maintaining calm. (Points : 2)
central; peripheral
parasympathetic; sympathetic
sympathetic; parasympathetic
autonomic; somatic

28. (TCO 3) The largest and most prominent part of the human brain is the _____. (Points : 2)
cerebral cortex
hindbrain
midbrain
forebrain

29. (TCO 3) The frontal lobes are responsible for _____. (Points : 2)
motor control
vision
hearing
touch

30. (TCO 3) This is interprets bodily sensations. (Points : 2)
posterior lobe
anterior lobe
parietal lobe
temporal lobe
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