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FAS/SOC 435:

FAS/SOC 435: Adv Marriage/Family Relatnshps

Question 1



A study conducted in two Bangladesh areas—one more economically developed, the other less developed—found that more autonomous women living in the less developed area were more likely to report being beaten than the women in the more developed area. This finding led the authors of the study to conclude
Answer

areas that are more urbanized tend to accept women's independence due to changed social norms.
less developed areas find women's independence threatening to the social order.
a woman's autonomy must be both accepted and commonplace before it begins to reduce the risk of domestic violence.
all of the above
0.5 points
Question 2



Members of which of the following groups are most likely to commit acts of domestic violence?
Answer

employed men
unemployed men
men with college degrees
men with graduate degrees
0.5 points
Question 3



Of the substantiated elder abuse cases in 2004, the most prevalent type was
Answer

emotional or psychological abuse
physical abuse
caregiver neglect
sexual abuse
0.5 points
Question 4



Among college peers, those most likely to be both victims or aggressors in sexual aggression are
Answer

acquainted with each other
did not have the same definition as to what "no" meant when refusing to engage in sex
using alcohol and drugs.
all of the above
0.5 points
Question 5



From the frustration-aggression perspective of domestic violence, violent behavior is viewed as
Answer

a way of dominating women.
an emotional outburst of displaced anger.
a trade-off between what perpetrators desire and can get away with.
a way of making a political statement.
0.5 points
Question 6



A 2004 study found that the elderly were most likely to be abused by
Answer

their children.
their spouse.
a non-related caretaker.
a sibling.
0.5 points
Question 7



The teacher of a required course on how to handle conflict and anger in a relationship would most likely be using a __________ approach to domestic violence.
Answer

social exchange
social learning
frustration-aggression
psychological
0.5 points
Question 8



If a domestic violence advocate were operating under the political model, he/she would be most apt to support which of the following?
Answer

increasing women's pay to a level equal to men's
counseling couples on how to control their anger
policies aimed at preserving the family unit
providing mental health services to men who abuse their partner
0.5 points
Question 9



Female victims of violence in the United States face the highest risk of physical injury
Answer

from someone they know well.
when they are pregnant.
from strangers.
if they are disabled in any way.
0.5 points
Question 10



The feminist movement in the United States had as its fundamental goal on the issue of domestic violence
Answer

to treat the physical injuries of the victims.
to treat the personal problems of the perpetrator.
to remove the social supports for male violence in our culture.
to treat the emotional trauma of the victims.
0.5 points
Question 11



Evidence of the fact that domestic violence is not solely a contemporary social problem is suggested by the passing of the first law against wife beating in the Western world by citizens of
Answer

the British Parliament.
the Virginia Commonwealth.
the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
the French Republic.
0.5 points
Question 12



Of the three types of relationships—dating, married, and cohabiting relationships—which has the highest incidence of physical assault?
Answer

dating
married
cohabiting
all the same
0.5 points
Question 13



Child abuse is least likely to occur in what type of family?
Answer

families in which both parents are employed
low-income families
single-parent families
a family in which the husband is unemployed
0.5 points
Question 14



"Intimate terrorism" is characterized by
Answer

it escalates into serious violence and injury
it is motivated by control
most perpetrators are men
all of the above
0.5 points
Question 15



Most reports of rape in surveys of date rape reveal that rape was committed
Answer

by strangers to the victims.
by college students.
while the victim was out late at night.
by someone the victim knew.
0.5 points
Question 16



Much attention to domestic violence followed the trial and acquittal of O. J. Simpson, who was accused of murdering his former wife, Nicole. Whether or not we think Simpson guilty, one of the positive results of his trial for domestic violence victims has been
Answer

legislation to prevent stalking.
legislation to assist victims in leaving their situations.
legislation to provide job training to victims.
legislation to arrest perpetrators whether or not the victim presses charges.
0.5 points
Question 17



Advocates of the medical model of domestic violence perceive the solution to domestic violence to be
Answer

passage of protective laws.
intervention by health and social welfare professionals.
a societal change of attitude toward women's problems.
completion of conflict resolution courses.
0.5 points
Question 18



Which factor was the most likely explanation of the great rise in divorce for the 1960s and 1970s?
Answer

culture was more individualistic
more women working outside the home
the law became more permissive
a combination of all these factors
0.5 points
Question 19



Which of the following individual risk factors increases the likelihood of divorce?
Answer

premarital cohabitation
young age at marriage
being African American
all of the above
0.5 points
Question 20



In the era of restricted divorce, countries with a predominant __________ religion were more liberal about divorce.
Answer

Catholic
Muslim
Protestant
Anglican
0.5 points
Question 21



Which of the following is not a characteristic of the current legal system within which U.S. couples obtain divorce?
Answer

It routinely grants alimony to wives whose job skills are limited.
It orders husbands to pay only modest levels of child support.
It expects divorced mothers to become self-supportive soon after a divorce.
It assumes an upper-middle-class dual-career divorcing couple, who have equal skills and incomes.
0.5 points
Question 22



Joint legal custody between divorcing parents is primarily valuable as _____ in contemporary U.S. society.
Answer

a symbol of the father's continuing responsibility for his children
a symbol of the mother's continuing responsibility for her children
a means of men's retaining active, regular involvement in their children's lives
a means of women's retaining active, regular involvement in their children's lives
0.5 points
Question 23



Of the two effects studied by sociologists and others, research indicates that in terms of contributing to the chances of divorce, the _____ might have a more powerful effect.
Answer

human capital effect
independence effect
income effect
employment effect
0.5 points
Question 24



The arrangement whereby divorced parents coordinate their activities and cooperate with each other in raising their children is commonly referred to as
Answer

parallel parenting
joint legal custody
co-parenting
joint upbringing
0.5 points
Question 25



The typical waiting period for a divorce in the United States is _____, which is _____ than most other Western countries.
Answer

one year or less; lower
two years; higher
five years; higher
three years; lower
0.5 points
Question 26



One of the most consistent findings of the research into the effects of divorce is that
Answer

mothers are often bitter and emotionally distraught.
children recover rather quickly.
fathers after divorce are not as involved with their children as they may have been before.
fathers resent paying alimony.
0.5 points
Question 27



All the following included official reasons for divorce in the era of divorce tolerance, except
Answer

mental cruelty
adultery
emotional dissatisfaction
nonsupport
0.5 points
Question 28



On the basis of the most recently available information, the racial-ethnic group with the highest divorce rate in the United States is
Answer

Asian.
African American.
non-Hispanic white.
Native American.
0.5 points
Question 29



In 2007, how many married women obtained a divorce?
Answer

17-out-of-1,000
17-out-of-100
5 percent
10 percent
0.5 points
Question 30



Historically, annulments were only granted in the following case(s)
Answer

marriage between close relatives.
adultery.
if spouses had not engaged in sexual intercourse.
both a and c
0.5 points
Question 31



Of the following couples, which one is the least likely to divorce in contemporary U.S. society?
Answer

couples with the same religious background
couples where the wife is much older than the husband
couples who married as teenagers
couples whose ages are far apart
0.5 points
Question 32



Couples who have cohabited prior to marriage have a _____ likelihood of divorcing compared to couples who did not live together prior to marriage.
Answer

lower
higher
no different
0.5 points
Question 33



What is the primary reason why couples who cohabit prior to marriage have a higher chance of getting divorced?
Answer

less committed to each other
weaker commitment to the institution of marriage
they love each other less
none of the above
0.5 points
Question 34



Black women in the United States have a higher likelihood of separating from their husbands and are __________ to turn these separations into divorces than other women.
Answer

slower
quicker
less reluctant
none of the above
0.5 points
Question 35



The stepparent who is in a stable stepfamily is likely to
Answer

show warmth toward and support of the stepchildren
not discipline the stepchildren
support the biological parent's parenting style
all of the above
0.5 points
Question 36



The finding that a teenage first marriage (and divorce later) also accounts for a later remarriage and another divorce would support which of the following theories or perspectives on remarriage?
Answer

selection theory
institutionalization of remarriage
non-institutionalization of remarriage and divorce
role theory
0.5 points
Question 37



Created kinship differs from blood kinship in that:
Answer

it is usually a weaker relationship.
it is a relationship that requires more work and maintenance.
it is usually a stronger relationship.
the two seldom differ.
0.5 points
Question 38



Stepfamilies are more likely to have a _________ kinship with the members of that family
Answer

blood
bilateral
created
nonmarital
0.5 points
Question 39



Remarriage rates tend to be lower for:
Answer

the wealthy than the poor.
the young than the old.
men than for women.
the poor than the non-poor.
0.5 points
Question 40



With the increasing numbers of remarriages and subsequent stepfamilies, the practices of the court system in the United States have been
Answer

standing firm about the rights of biological parents.
evolving slowly toward recognizing some rights and responsibilities of stepparents.
evolving slowly about the rights of biological parents.
standing firm about the rights of stepparents.
0.5 points
Question 41



In many court cases where biological parents have contested the right of stepparents to raise children living with them, __________ have won.
Answer

the stepparents
the biological parents
neither
both
0.5 points
Question 42



The position a stepparent attains in a family depends on:
Answer

the effort he or she puts into developing a close relationship with the stepchildren.
his or her relationship with the non-custodial parent.
a signed pre-nuptial agreements.
the "hands on" care of his or her children.
0.5 points
Question 43



Cherlin describes life in step families as a(n) ______ social institution.
Answer

nonexistent
ignored
incomplete
complete
0.5 points
Question 44



Of the types of kinship ties, which is more likely to change over the course of a person's lifetime?
Answer

assigned kinship ties
created kinship ties
blood-relative ties
grandparent kinship ties
0.5 points
Question 45



Divorced people in the 2000s in the United States are not less inclined to live with someone, but they seem to have:
Answer

substituted cohabitation for remarriage.
delayed remarrying until they have been divorced for many years.
become reluctant to live with those who have children.
all of the above
0.5 points
Question 46



Several factors increase the likelihood of a stepparent's being able to act toward a child much as a biological parent would. Which of the following would not be one of these factors?
Answer

satisfying relationship between biological parent and stepparent
within the home
preschool age of children when stepfamily is formed
teenage children when stepfamily is formed
significant interaction between child and nonresident biological parent
0.5 points
Question 47



The stepparent most likely to integrate into the stepfamily would be one called the
Answer

polite outsider
intimate outsider
affinity-seeker
family healer
0.5 points
Question 48



The original Old English prefix "step" as in stepmother signified a relationship caused by
Answer

desertion
death
divorce
separation
0.5 points
Question 49



Of those who remarry after divorce, women are __________ likely to remarry than men, on the basis of current statistics.
Answer

just as
more
far less
slightly less
0.5 points
Question 50



Which of the following racial-ethnic group members are most likely, on average, to remarry after a divorce?
Answer

non-Hispanic whites
African Americans
Hispanics
Native Americans
0.5 points
Question 51



In all discussions of stepfamilies and step-relatives it is obvious, on the basis of current research findings, that the primary ingredient in making a stepfamily "work" in ways similar to the common conjugal unit is that someone
Answer

does the work of kinship.
adopts the children from a first marriage.
attends counseling.
helps support the new family.
0.5 points
Question 52



A conservative politician would disagree with the following statement
Answer

The family should be left alone by the government
The labor market should reflect the family wage system
There should be legalization of partial-birth abortion
A conservative would agree with all these statements
0.5 points
Question 53



The Social Security Act of 1935 followed the division of labor implicit in the family wage system and provided pensions primarily to
Answer

working males.
working females.
whole families.
all of the above.
0.5 points
Question 54



In the earlier history of our country and for many years afterward, the prevailing view in the United States was that government should not intervene in family affairs; this changed dramatically after _____.
Answer

WWII
The Great Depression
WWI
the 1970s recession due to OPEC changes in oil prices
0.5 points
Question 55



Most government involvement in family support is based on a concern about
Answer

votes.
keeping employees happy (and working).
dependents, especially children and the elderly.
distributing excess monies fairly.
0.5 points
Question 56



Of the following, which is the least common way that the government subsidizes a college-educated working couple?
Answer

giving their elderly parents Social Security
by allowing them a tax deduction on their home mortgage interest rates
by collecting unemployment when one spouse is laid off
receiving income tax credits for having children
0.5 points
Question 57



The 1973 Supreme Court decision _______ ruled that women had the constitutional right to terminate a pregnancy by abortion.
Answer

Roe v. Wade
Brown v. Wade
Schafly v. Schroeder
Roe v. Schroeder
0.5 points
Question 58



The Social Security Act, which is becoming more and more controversial in the 1990s, was initiated in the _____ and was originally intended to help _____.
Answer

1940s; unemployed men.
1950s; homemaker-breadwinner families.
1930s; widowed women with children.
1960s; the frail and elderly.
0.5 points
Question 59



___________ advocates maintain that the rise of the dual-earner couple has created a harried lifestyle that should be eased for the sake of parents and children.
Answer

Conservative
Liberal
Democratic
Independent
0.5 points
Question 60



A fundamental premise of the original Social Security System was that the recipients:
Answer

would also be receiving other forms of assistance.
would never really need it.
would be primarily women.
would be primarily men.
0.5 points
Question 61



PWORA is different than AFDC in the respect that
Answer

financial benefits were limited
there were time limits
adults were required to worth within 24 months after they receive assistance
all of the above
0.5 points
Question 62



In 2006, President Bush sign a Marriage Promotion bill to extend welfare reform legislation
to include all the following except
Answer

relationship and parenting skills training
public advertising on the value of marriage
child care funds for working married parents
high school classes on marriage and budgeting
0.5 points
Question 63



Proportionate to their percentage of the total U.S. population, (for example, whites make up approximately 85% of the total U.S. population at present), _____ are most likely to be using cash assistance programs offered by the U.S. government.
Answer

Asian Americans
African Americans
Hispanics
Native Americans
0.5 points
Question 64



_____ American families, including middle class families, receive ________ government assistance:
Answer

Most; little
Some; little
Most; substantial
Some; substantial
0.5 points
Question 65



The major drop in TANF caseloads the last few years is not caused by
Answer

new rules of welfare reform.
the strong economy.
wage support such as the Earned Income Tax Credit.
fewer single-parent families.
0.5 points
Question 66



In the United States, two kinds of conflicts that underlie much of the controversy and discussion of major public issues concerning the family include
Answer

men's dominance and children's care.
women's autonomy and "natural" roles.
women's employment and childhood poverty.
women's dominance and children's care.
0.5 points
Question 67



The family wage system was based on the concept that women's and men's roles in the family split between:
Answer

wage earners; homemakers
young teenagers; mature mothers
widowed mothers; divorcees
homemakers; wage earners
0.5 points
Question 68



Until the depression in the United States, the government felt that it __________ (in) family affairs.
Answer

should not intervene
be completely responsible for
should provide moderate assistance
support certain aspects of

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