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Question 2 1 points Save As a result of the goals of Agenda 21 adopted by Waitakere City in New Zealand, the city has seen A) an unfortunate increase in pedestrian and cycle injuries. B) a steady increase in new homes in the countryside. C) about a 30% reduction in garbage generation per citizen. D) a reduction in the population of the city. Question 3 1 points Save Major changes in the city of Trenton, New Jersey are largely the result of A) people helping themselves. B) the injection of large amounts of state dollars in urban development. C) federal funds for the green development of cities. D) new federal regulations promoting environmental justice. Question 4 1 points Save Major cities of the world are developing sustainable strategies to address the shifting needs of their populations. Illustrating these problems and solutions are two cities on opposite sides of the Earth. The city of Trenton, New Jersey has developed sustainable approaches to fight urban A) blight while Waitaker City in New Zealand is addressing urban sprawl. B) sprawl while Waitaker City in New Zealand is addressing urban blight. C) blight while Waitaker City in New Zealand is addressing urban poverty. D) poverty while Waitaker City in New Zealand is addressing urban pollution. Question 5 1 points Save Which of the following activities generally occurs less frequently in the United States in the period following WW II? A) walking to work B) riding in a car C) eating produce from outside the United States D) flying to your vacation destination Question 6 1 points Save Over the past 50 years in the United States, commuting A) time, distance, and costs have nearly doubled. B) time has remained about the same, but the distance has doubled. C) time and distance have doubled, but the cost of commuting has been cut in half. D) time and distance have remained about the same, but commuting costs have doubled. Question 7 1 points Save In most large cities, suburban commuters might benefit from the use of light rail systems for commuting. In most cities, if commuters switched from driving to rail commuting, they would A) arrive at their destinations in half the time. B) need to travel nearly twice the distance to get to their jobs. C) spend more money on commuting. D) use fewer natural resources. Question 8 1 points Save Over the past 50 years in the United States, the populations of A) suburbs have increased while rural regions and city centers have declined. B) suburbs and rural regions have increased while city centers have declined. C) city centers have increased while suburbs and rural regions have declined. D) city centers and rural regions have increased while suburbs have declined. Question 9 1 points Save Urban sprawl has resulted in A) wildlife habitat fragmentation. B) decreased reliance on fossil fuels. C) decreased production of greenhouse gases. D) increased dependence on family farms for food. Question 10 1 points Save Over the past 50 years, as the population of the United States doubled, the demand for petroleum products A) declined. B) stayed about the same, cutting in half the per capita consumption. C) doubled too. D) tripled. Question 11 1 points Save Which one of the following principles of smart-growth will most likely result in less commuting for all residents? A) have states purchase open spaces B) set physical boundaries on urban sprawl C) build new homes and stores on existing abandoned or brownfield urban properties D) promote the integration of homes, stores, light industry, and professional offices Question 12 1 points Save The main financial problems for a city experiencing urban blight result from A) a declining tax base. B) increasing industrial growth. C) the need to build new schools. D) increasing use of public transportation. Question 13 1 points Save One of the keys to helping the people who live in the vast slums surrounding major cities in the developing world is to A) grant them lawful titles to the land where they live. B) offer them transportation to the countryside where they will more likely find jobs. C) help them identify distant family members and help them relocate to the cities. D) help them repay student loans used in their educations. Question 14 1 points Save Most of the successful urban plans that have made cities more livable have designed space to be centered on A) efficient automobile traffic. B) the movements and interactions of people. C) housing and places for people to park their cars. D) oceans as a common source for water and mode of transportation. Question 15 1 points Save A livable city is designed to permit people to A) park their cars conveniently near their homes. B) walk to most of the places that they want to go. C) have most of their needs brought to them. D) live in the least populated places. Question 16 1 points Save One of the most common ways that modern cities have become more livable is by A) shifting emphasis from personal automobiles to public transportation. B) decreasing the density of the population throughout the cities. C) eliminating all city taxes and instead relying upon federal aid. D) requiring all citizens to perform monthly community service. Question 17 1 points Save The move to curb urban sprawl is also a way to A) conserve agricultural and wilderness spaces. B) decrease the population density of large cities. C) promote faster and more efficient highways and bridges. D) promote a car-centered approach to urban development. Question 18 1 points Save Small urban gardens in vacant lots and on rooftops are increasing in number. These gardens A) are able to make most cities agriculturally self-sufficient. B) recycle most of the compost generated by the city's sewage treatment facilities. C) are able to recapture most of the carbon dioxide in the city, making the cities carbon neutral. D) recycle compost, create jobs for unskilled workers, and provide limited amounts of fresh Question 19 1 points Save The changes in behavior of the fishermen on Tangier Island since 1997 best reflects A) values-based stewardship. B) personal gain. C) sound science. D) sustainable use of energy. Question 20 1 points Save The lessons of the people of Easter Island best reveal the need for A) sustainable development. B) sound science. C) social justice. D) political action. Question 21 1 points (Extra credit) Save BONUS: For most environmental issues, the solutions are A) certain, and the science is certain. B) complex, but the science is certain. C) complex, and the science is insightful but tentative. D) clear and certain, and the science is insightful but tentative.