View the step-by-step solution to: 1Which of the following is a mental process? thinking feeling reading a and...

1Which of the following is a mental process?
thinking
feeling
reading
a and b
_____ 2is information acquired by direct observation and measurement using systematic scientific methods.
Psychological science
Empirical evidence
Critical thinking
Scientology
3What is the process of objectively evaluating, comparing, analyzing, and synthesizing information?
empiricism
science
critical thinking
mental processing
4 What are the goals of psychology?
explore the conscious and unconscious functions of the human mind
understand, compare, and analyze human behavior
improve psychological well-being in all individuals from conception to death
describe, explain, predict, and change behavior
5 Because Timothy was laughed at by his second grade peers, he was reluctant to speak out in class. This is a demonstration of which goal of psychology?
Improving psychological well-being
explaining behavior
exploring conscious vs unconscious behaviors
understanding behavior
6 The belief that the unconscious mind has an influence on one's behavior is part of what theory of personality?
psychobiological
psychosocial
psychoanalytic
psychobehavioral
7 Functionalism made an important contribution to the science of psychology because it ____________________.
explained why different individuals experience stimuli differently.
drew the line between branches of psychology so each had its own function.
expanded the scope of psychology to consider such topics as emotion and observable behavior.
specified precisely the scope of psychology as dealing with mental processes.
8 The clinician who was fascinated by the ability of the unconscious mind to influence the body was ________________.
Edward Titchener
Sigmund Freud
William James
B. F. Skinner
9Structuralism made an important contribution to the science of psychology because it ________________.
established a model for the scientific study of mental processes.
showed how separate thoughts combined to form an idea.
explained why individuals experience stimuli differently.
highlighted why different scientific methods are needed to study children and animals versus studying adult humans
The psychological perspective that emphasizes objective, observable environmental influences of overt behavior is called the __________________________.
Psychodynamic perspective
Functionalist perspective.
Overt perspective.
Behavioral perspective.
Dr. Watson, from the _____ school of psychology, focused on objective, observable behavior rather than on the unconscious.
behaviorism
cognitive
developmental
conditional
The psychological perspective that emerged in the 1950s that stressed free will and self-actualization was the __________ perspective.
Behavioral
Cognitive
Humanistic
Psychodynamic
Cognitive psychology focuses on ____.
conflict within the conscious mind.
the positive, creative, growth-seeking potential of human nature.
mental processes, language, and perception.
complex biochemical events involved in information processing.
The first African American to earn a Ph.D. in psychology was _____.
Dr. Sumner
Dr. Titchener
Dr. Wundt
Dr. Marley


If a graduate student is studying the influence of biology (e.g., genetics, brain) on behavior and mental processes, what field of psychology would they be pursuing?
evolutionary psychology
neuroscience
cognitive psychology
psychoanalytic psychology
How many chromosomes is the human body composed of?
23
22
46
44
. _____ are threadlike strands of DNA molecules that carry genetic information.
Genes
Chromosomes
Stem cells
D) Heredity cells
If a trait is recessive, this means it will take _____ gene(s) for the trait to manifest itself in one's offspring.
1 dominant
2 recessive
2 dominant
3 or more recessive1 dominant
The tips of the branches of the axon are called _____.
dendrites
terminal buttons
soma
mitochondria
What part(s) of the cell receive incoming messages?
axons and cell body
dendrites
dendrites and cell body
axons
A synaptic gap is _____.
the gap between the brain and the skill that contains cerebrospinal fluid
the tiny opening between the sending and receiving neuron
the vesicle that contains neurotransmitters
the place where neurotransmitters exchange ionic molecules
When there is leftover neurotransmitter in the synaptic gap, which of the following occurs?
The leftover neurotransmitter stays in the gap
The process of reuptake occurs
The receiving neuron fires for a longer period of time
The sending neuron fires for a long period of time.

High levels of _______________ are associated with states of mania.
epinephrine
norepinephrine
GABA
Serotonin
One of the hormones released by the adrenal glands in response to stress is ________.
cortisol
serotonin
dopamine
GABA
. _____ are the immature, precursors that give birth to new specialized cells.
Stem cells
Dendrites
Axons
Neurogenic cells
Why did the popular belief that emotions and thoughts affect health decline in the late 1800s?
a. Antibiotics were discovered that cured diseases.
b Some diseases were found to cause mental symptoms.
c. Scientists discovered biological causes for infectious disease.
d. Drug companies made money on drugs so endorsed physical causes of disease
27. “Stress” is defined as _______.
a. environmental factors that result in anxiety
b. the physiological reaction of the body to environmental factors
c a negative emotion resulting from environmental unpleasantness
d. the nonspecific response of the body to any demand made on it
28. After a minor car accident, you experience sweaty palms, rapid breathing, and a racing heart. In this situation, _____ is the stressor, and _____ is the stress.
a. your racing heart; the accident
b. the accident; your physical reaction
c. our sweaty palms; your rapid breathing
d. the accident; the accident
29. The total absence of stress would ultimately lead to _______.
a a state of deep relaxation
b death
c lifetime happiness
d unconsciousness
30. An idealistic person exposed to chronic stress in an emotionally draining job, such as an air traffic controller, may experience _____________ as a result of this situation.
a. burnout
b. frustration
c. technostress
d. work hassles
31. The most difficult conflict to resolve is usually the _____ conflict.
a avoidance-avoidance
b approach-approach
c approach-avoidance
d reproach-avoidance
32. Stratton's experiment involving wearing special lenses illustrated that _______.
a. sensations can be selectively ignored
b. perceptions can be adapted by retraining the brain
c. perceptions are discretionary
d.sensations are more salient than perceptions
33. The frontal lobes are responsible for processing _____________.
a visual information
b auditory information
c kinesthetic information
d information about muscle movements
34. Myopia (or nearsightedness) results from images focused _____.
a. on the fove
b. in front of the retina
c. behind the retina
d. on the rods
35. Conduction deafness is also known as _________.
a inner ear deafness
b cochlear deafness
c nerve deafness
d middle ear deafness
36. When our perceptions don't agree with our sensations, a(n) _______ results.
A) illusion
B) hallucination
C) delusion
D) sensory enigma
20111 Test 1.docx

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PLEASE DO NOT WRITE ON THIS TEST
PSY 2012: Test 1, Chapters 1-4
Which of the following is a mental process?
a. thinking
b. feeling
c. reading
d. a and b
_____ is information acquired by direct observation and measurement using
systematic scientific methods.
a. Psychological science
b. Empirical evidence
c. Critical thinking
d. Scientology
What is the process of objectively evaluating, comparing, analyzing, and
synthesizing information?
a. empiricism
b. science
c. critical thinking
d. mental processing
What are the goals of psychology?
a. explore the conscious and unconscious functions of the human mind
b. understand, compare, and analyze human behavior
c. improve psychological well-being in all individuals from conception to
death
d. describe, explain, predict, and change behavior
Because Timothy was laughed at by his second grade peers, he was reluctant to
speak out in class. This is a demonstration of which goal of psychology?
a. Improving psychological well-being
b. explaining behavior
c. exploring conscious vs unconscious behaviors
d. understanding behavior
The belief that the unconscious mind has an influence on one's behavior is part
of what theory of personality?
a. psychobiological
b. psychosocial
c. psychoanalytic
d. psychobehavioral
Functionalism made an important contribution to the science of psychology
because it ____________________.
a. explained why different individuals experience stimuli differently.
b. drew the line between branches of psychology so each had its own
function.
c. expanded the scope of psychology to consider such topics as emotion and
observable behavior.
d. specified precisely the scope of psychology as dealing with mental
processes.

8. The clinician who was fascinated by the ability of the unconscious mind to
influence the body was ________________.
a. Edward Titchener
b. Sigmund Freud
c. William James
d. B. F. Skinner
9. Structuralism made an important contribution to the science of psychology
because it ________________.
a. established a model for the scientific study of mental processes.
b. showed how separate thoughts combined to form an idea.
c. explained why individuals experience stimuli differently.
d. highlighted why different scientific methods are needed to study children
and animals versus studying adult humans
10. The psychological perspective that emphasizes objective, observable
environmental influences of overt behavior is called the
__________________________.
a. Psychodynamic perspective
b. Functionalist perspective.
c. Overt perspective.
d. Behavioral perspective.
11. Dr. Watson, from the _____ school of psychology, focused on objective,
observable behavior rather than on the unconscious.
a. behaviorism
b. cognitive
c. developmental
d. conditional
12. The psychological perspective that emerged in the 1950s that stressed free will
and self-actualization was the __________ perspective.
a. Behavioral
b. Cognitive
c. Humanistic
d. Psychodynamic
13. Cognitive psychology focuses on ____.
a. conflict within the conscious mind.
b. the positive, creative, growth-seeking potential of human nature.
c. mental processes, language, and perception.
d. complex biochemical events involved in information processing.
14. The first African American to earn a Ph.D. in psychology was _____.
a. Dr. Sumner
b. Dr. Titchener
c. Dr. Wundt
d. Dr. Marley

15. If a graduate student is studying the influence of biology (e.g., genetics, brain) on
behavior and mental processes, what field of psychology would they be
pursuing?
a. evolutionary psychology
b. neuroscience
c. cognitive psychology
d. psychoanalytic psychology
16. How many chromosomes is the human body composed of?
a. 23
b. 22
c. 46
d. 44
17. . _____ are threadlike strands of DNA molecules that carry genetic information.
a. Genes
b. Chromosomes
c. Stem cells
d. D) Heredity cells
18. If a trait is recessive, this means it will take _____ gene(s) for the trait to manifest
itself in one's offspring.
a. 1 dominant
b. 2 recessive
c. 2 dominant
d. 3 or more recessive1 dominant
19. The tips of the branches of the axon are called _____.
a. dendrites
b. terminal buttons
c. soma
d. mitochondria
20. What part(s) of the cell receive incoming messages?
a. axons and cell body
b. dendrites
c. dendrites and cell body
d. axons
21. A synaptic gap is _____.
a. the gap between the brain and the skill that contains cerebrospinal fluid
b. the tiny opening between the sending and receiving neuron
c. the vesicle that contains neurotransmitters
d. the place where neurotransmitters exchange ionic molecules
22. When there is leftover neurotransmitter in the synaptic gap, which of the following
occurs?
a. The leftover neurotransmitter stays in the gap
b. The process of reuptake occurs
c. The receiving neuron fires for a longer period of time
d. The sending neuron fires for a long period of time.

23. High levels of _______________ are associated with states of mania.
a. epinephrine
b. norepinephrine
c. GABA
d. Serotonin
24. One of the hormones released by the adrenal glands in response to stress is
________.
a. cortisol
b. serotonin
c. dopamine
d. GABA
25. . _____ are the immature, precursors that give birth to new specialized cells.
a. Stem cells
b. Dendrites
c. Axons
d. Neurogenic cells
26. Why did the popular belief that emotions and thoughts affect health decline in the
late 1800s?
a. Antibiotics were discovered that cured diseases.
b Some diseases were found to cause mental symptoms.
c. Scientists discovered biological causes for infectious disease.
d. Drug companies made money on drugs so endorsed physical causes of
disease
27. Stress is defined as _______.
a. environmental factors that result in anxiety
b. the physiological reaction of the body to environmental factors
c a negative emotion resulting from environmental unpleasantness
d. the nonspecific response of the body to any demand made on it
28. After a minor car accident, you experience sweaty palms, rapid breathing,
and a racing heart. In this situation, _____ is the stressor, and _____ is the
stress.
a. your racing heart; the accident
b. the accident; your physical reaction
c. our sweaty palms; your rapid breathing
d. the accident; the accident
29. The total absence of stress would ultimately lead to _______.
a a state of deep relaxation
b death
c lifetime happiness
d unconsciousness
30. An idealistic person exposed to chronic stress in an emotionally draining job,
such as an air traffic controller, may experience _____________ as a result of
this situation.
a. burnout
b. frustration
c. technostress

d. work hassles
31. The most difficult conflict to resolve is usually the _____ conflict.
a avoidance-avoidance
b approach-approach
c approach-avoidance
d reproach-avoidance
32. Stratton's experiment involving wearing special lenses illustrated that _______.
a. sensations can be selectively ignored
b. perceptions can be adapted by retraining the brain
c. perceptions are discretionary
d.sensations are more salient than perceptions
33. The frontal lobes are responsible for processing _____________.
a visual information
b auditory information
c kinesthetic information
d information about muscle movements
34. Myopia (or nearsightedness) results from images focused _____.
a. on the fove
b. in front of the retina
c. behind the retina
d. on the rods
35. Conduction deafness is also known as _________.
a inner ear deafness
b cochlear deafness
c nerve deafness
d middle ear deafness
36. When our perceptions don't agree with our sensations, a(n) _______ results.
A) illusion
B) hallucination
C) delusion
D) sensory enigma

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