View the step-by-step solution to:

Which of the following statements accurately describes the relationship between prosecutors and police officers?

Which of the following statements accurately describes the relationship between prosecutors and police officers?
Answer

Prosecutors and police officers have the same perception of the concept of guilt, which promotes efficiency and cooperation.

Because police officers and prosecutors often have the same backgrounds, they tend to work well together.

Prosecutors often control police departments and therefore have authority over police officers.

Prosecutors and police officers have a symbiotic relationship in which each relies on the other to do his or her job effectively.

1 points
Question 2


The United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology (US-VISIT) program has proven to be an especially effective means of tracking the movements of for-eign national visitors to the United States.
Answer True
False

1 points
Question 3


The federal court system does not include which of the following?
Answer

District Courts

The U.S. Supreme Court

Juvenile courts

Courts of appeals

1 points
Question 4


Which of the following is a criticism levied at the transfer of juveniles to adult court?
Answer

Most of the juveniles transferred to adult court are not guilty of the crimes for which they have been arrested.

Judges in adult court are too lenient on juvenile offenders.

Juveniles transferred to adult court have higher recidivism rates than those who stay in juvenile courts.

Juveniles do not receive adequate legal representation in adult courts.

1 points
Question 5


The ________ Act prohibits the use of the U.S. military in a law enforcement role unless specifically authorized by a presidential order or an act of Congress.
Answer

Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty

Domestic Terrorism Response

Posse Comitatus

USA Patrio

1 points
Question 6


The Department of Homeland Security directly controls all federal efforts to control terrorism.
Answer True
False

1 points
Question 7


The idea that by punishing one person, the larger community will be deterred is known as general deterrence.
Answer True
False

1 points
Question 8


Encryption changes plain text data into cipher text that can only be read or ac-cessed by those with access to the proper decryption code.
Answer True
False

1 points
Question 9


A military tribunal must reach a unanimous verdict to convict.
Answer True
False

1 points
Question 10


The case of ________ represents a growing trend in the criminal justice system brought about by the new challenges of fighting terrorism; they concentrate no longer on solving crimes after they have occurred, but rather attempting to prevent them from happening in the first place.
Answer

Zacarias Moussaoui

Nawaf Alhazmi

Khalid al-Midhar

the "Liberty Seven"

1 points
Question 11


In a sign that the juvenile justice system is turning toward the values of the crime control model, about half the states have enacted ________ that require juveniles to serve a certain percentage of their original sentence, regardless of the opinions of juvenile correctional administrators.
Answer

indeterminate sentencing laws

judicial waiver laws

graduated sanction laws

determinate sentencing laws

1 points
Question 12


Which of the following is not an area in which prosecutors have a great deal of discretion before a trial begins?
Answer

Deciding which judge will preside over the proceedings

Deciding what kind of charge or charges to bring against the suspect

Deciding if and when to strike a plea bargain with the suspect and stop the prosecution

Deciding whether a suspect who has been arrested by the police will be charged with a crime

1 points
Question 13


The First Amendment right to free speech protects all information on the Internet.
Answer True
False

1 points
Question 14


The three main branches of cultural deviance theory are learning theory, control theory, and labeling theory.
Answer True
False

1 points
Question 15


Which of the following is not one of the models of American government response to the terrorist threat?
Answer

The criminal justice model

The counterintelligence model

The military model

The intelligence model

1 points
Question 16


Perhaps the most important philosophical justification of the juvenile justice system has been ________, which holds that the state has a duty to care for children who are neglected by their parents, delinquent, or in some other way disadvantaged.
Answer

parens patriae

child saving

deliberate indifference

status offenders

1 points
Question 17


Of the three levels of law enforcement, municipal police have the broadest authority to apprehend suspects, maintain order, and provide services to the community.
Answer True
False

1 points
Question 18


The basic idea behind theories of general deterrence is that:
Answer

The severity of the punishment must be in proportion with the severity of the crime.

A person, after being punished for committing a crime, will be less likely to repeat that criminal act because he or she does not want to be punished again.

All people who commit similar crimes should be given similar punishments.

By punishing one person, an example has been set that will dissuade other people from committing the same or similar crimes.

1 points
Question 19


Police departments in large cities are broken into ________, which allow for a delegation of authority between the officials at police quarters and those in various neighborhoods around the city.
Answer

incident zones

chiefdoms

precincts

bureaucracies

1 points
Question 20


Police officers can force themselves into a home without first knocking and announcing their presence under which of the following exigent circumstances?
Answer

They have reason to believe that the target of their arrest warrant is armed with a shotgun and would shoot first if warned of a police presence.

They have probable cause to believe that the home or apartment is empty.

The door to the home or apartment is ajar.

They have an arrest warrant for a person known to be living in the home.

1 points
Question 21


Which of the following statements best explains why parole boards have been given the authority to determine when an inmate will be released?
Answer

Prisoners were earning too much "good time" and as a result were returned to the community well before the release date stipulated in their original sentences.

In the early 1900s, legislators became angry with judges for their leniency and sentencing, and decided to take away the judicial ability to determine release dates.

The parole board consists of persons who are supposedly better qualified than the judge to determine when a prisoner has been rehabilitated.

State governors, who are usually experts in criminal behavior, appoint the members of parole boards.

1 points
Question 22


Which process below can be compared to an obstacle course?
Answer

Due process

Legal sanction

Crime control

Probation

1 points
Question 23


In 1996, the U.S. Congress passed the Child Pornography Prevention Act, which banned the distribution and possession of computer-generated images that appear to show children engaged in sexual acts. In 2002, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down parts of the law, holding that they violated the free speech protection of the First Amendment. This is an example of:
Answer

A writ of certiorari.

Appellate review.

Judicial review.

Legal interpretation.

1 points
Question 24


Self-report survey data are collected by all of the listed except
Answer

by questionnaire.

by telephone.

by personal interview.

the census.

1 points
Question 25


According to criminal law, there must be a concurrence between the criminal ________ and the guilty ________ for a crime to occur.
Answer

act; offender

offender; accomplice

act; intent

offender; intent

1 points
Question 26


Which of the following is not a duty of the defense attorney?
Answer

To provide services at no cost if the client cannot afford legal fees

To be in constant contact with the public prosecutor who is representing the state in the case against the client

To investigate the incident in which the client has been charged with committing a crime

To represent the client at trial

1 points
Question 27


The National Incident-Based Reporting System presents a more complete picture of crime than the UCR
Answer True
False

1 points
Question 28


Self-reported surveys are most useful for mailing to the population at large.
Answer True
False

1 points
Question 29


Most cybercrimes are "new" crimes made possible by the evolution of technology.
Answer True
False

1 points
Question 30


The Crime Control Model emphasizes that the most important role of the criminal justice system is to punish and repress criminal conduct.
Answer True
False

1 points
Question 31


Voir dire is French for
Answer

for justice

a test of truth

to come

to speak the truth

1 points
Question 32


Which of the following laws provide security guards powers similar to law enforcement agents?
Answer

Private security

Citizen's arrest

Municipal

Homeland security

1 points
Question 33


The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the military tribunals established by the Bush Administration violate international law, specifically Common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions, a treaty signed by the United States.
Answer True
False

1 points
Question 34


According to the Rand Corporation, about 97% of cleared cases are solved by detectives with little or no help from patrol officers.
Answer True
False

1 points
Question 35


The rei-ntroduction of ________ into high crime neighborhoods is an important part of community policing.
Answer

expensive alarm systems

the patronage system

police officers in automobiles

police officers on foot

1 points
Question 36


Which of the following models assumes that as people gather together to form a society, its members will naturally come to a basic agreement with regard to shared norms and values.
Answer

Marxist

Conflict

Consensus

Deviance

1 points
Question 37


Jails contain:
Answer

Mostly state prisoners.

Individuals serving short sentences for minor crimes.

Mostly federal prisoners.

Individuals convicted of more serious crimes with longer sentences.

1 points
Question 38


The Bill of Rights has served as the basis of procedural safeguards of the accused.
Answer True
False

1 points
Question 39


The constitutions of the states are the supreme law in the United States.
Answer True
False

1 points
Question 40


Section 215 of the Patriot Act allows the FBI to use ________, which do not require the prior approval of a judge, to obtain the records of credit-card companies, telephone companies, businesses, hospitals, Internet service providers, and educational institutions when these records are needed for an international terrorism investigation.
Answer

terrorism warrants

data warrants

national security letters

national security warrants

1 points
Question 41


Which of the following is not a true statement?
Answer

Persons between the ages of 12 and 15 are most likely to be the victims of violent crime.

"Frequent and heavy drinkers" are at a great risk of being robbed when they are drinking.

The vast majority of offenders are men.

African Americans with incomes less than $7,500/year are the most likely to be victims of violent crime.

1 points
Question 42


Most states rely on parole boards to evaluate an inmate for conditional release or parole.
Answer True
False

1 points
Question 43


Which of the following is not an example of an alternative sentencing arrangement?
Answer

A split sentence

A shock incarceration

An intermittent incarceration

A suspended sentence

1 points
Question 44


Which of the following courts are included in the state court system?
Answer

Intermediate courts of appeals

Circuit courts of appeals

District courts

The United States Supreme Court

1 points
Question 45


Justifiable homicides are limited to ________ and to ________.
Answer

the killing of a misdemeanant by a law enforcement officer in the line of duty; the killing of a felon during the commission of a felony

the killing of a misdemeanant by a law enforcement officer in the line of duty; the killing of a misdemeanant during the commission of a crime

the killing of a felon by a law enforcement officer in the line of duty; the killing of a felon during the commission of a felony

the killing of a felon by a law enforcement officer in the line of duty; the killing of a misdemeanant during the commission of a crime

1 points
Question 46


Juvenile delinquency refers to:
Answer

Acts such as prostitution or gambling that would be a public order crime if committed by an adult but are not considered a crime when committed by a juvenile.

Criminal acts committed by a juvenile that require him or her to be tried in adult criminal court.

Acts such as skipping school or drinking alcohol that would not warrant law enforcement action if committed by an adult but are grounds for a child to enter the juvenile justice system.

Conduct that would be criminal if committed by an adult.

1 points
Question 47


Juveniles who appear before juvenile courts are guaranteed the right to counsel and enjoy the privilege against self-incrimination.
Answer True
False

1 points
Question 48


After Rick has been found guilty of armed robbery, Judge Prine sentences him to six to twelve years in prison. The jurisdiction where Judge Prine serves operates under a penal code that provides for which type of sentencing?
Answer

Indeterminate sentencing

Truth in sentencing

Determinate sentencing

Judicial sentencing

1 points
Question 49


Which of the following is not listed in the text as a justification for court recognition of police discretionary power?
Answer

Police are considered trustworthy and are assumed to make honest decisions.

Discretion is a part of everyday life and it is a necessary part of police work.

Police officers, by the nature of their work, endow them with extensive knowledge in human behavior.

Routine exposure of police to personal physical harm demands police officers be allowed to take reasonable and necessary steps for personal protection.

1 points
Question 50


As of December 2007, ________ states have enacted parental responsibility stat-utes.
Answer

48

44

40

50

Recently Asked Questions

Why Join Course Hero?

Course Hero has all the homework and study help you need to succeed! We’ve got course-specific notes, study guides, and practice tests along with expert tutors.

-

Educational Resources
  • -

    Study Documents

    Find the best study resources around, tagged to your specific courses. Share your own to gain free Course Hero access.

    Browse Documents
  • -

    Question & Answers

    Get one-on-one homework help from our expert tutors—available online 24/7. Ask your own questions or browse existing Q&A threads. Satisfaction guaranteed!

    Ask a Question