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The mystery cult that heavily influenced the development of Christianity was A) Mithraism B) Zealots C) Sadducees D) Romanism 2.

The mystery cult that heavily influenced the development of Christianity was

A) Mithraism
B) Zealots
C) Sadducees
D) Romanism
2. The Hellenized Jew who spread Christianity outside of the Hebrew world was

A) St. John
B) St. James
C) St. Paul
D) St. Peter
3. All of the following helped Christianity spread throughout the Roman Empire except

A) the support of the Julio-Claudian dynasty
B) the Greek language that was spoken by many throughout the Empire
C) the idea of universalism uniting the people of the Empire
D) safe and modern Roman roads
4. The Edict of Milan of 313

A) legalized Christianity in the Roman Empire
B) established the Holy Roman Empire
C) divided the Roman Empire into eastern and western halves
D) outlawed traditional Roman religion
5. The Christian principle of the Holy Trinity was affirmed in 325 at the

A) Fourth Lateran Council
B) Council of Constantine
C) Council of Nicea
D) Council of Trent
6. The early bishop considered Christianity’s most influential theologian is

A) Gregory the Great
B) Augustus of Rome
C) Augustine of Hippo
D) Julian the Apostate
7. The “Job Problem” of early Christianity was

A) how to explain the fall of Rome in 476
B) how to explain the barbarian sack of Rome in 410
C) how to incorporate the works of pagan philosophers into Christian theology
D) how to legalize Christianity under Roman law
8. St. Augustine argued in The City of God that early Christians should

A) study the works of Plato
B) focus upon their spiritual salvation and the afterlife rather than the secular world
C) focus upon changing the culture and politics of Rome
D) study the works of Aristotle
9. St. Augustine blended Christian ideas with those of

A) Aristotle
B) Aquinas
C) Plato
D) Sophocles
10. The three major civilizations that emerged from the ruins of the Roman Empire were

A) Islam, Roman Catholicism, and Judaism
B) The Franks, the Visigoths, and the Ottoman Empire
C) Byzantium, the Holy Roman Empire, and Gaul
D) Byzantium, Latin Christendom, and Islam
11. The Frankish king whose conversion was important to the spread of Nicean Christianity was

A) Charlemagne
B) Clovis
C) Constantine
D) Commodus
12. The Frankish king crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 800 by the Pope was

A) Charlemagne
B) Constantine
C) Commodus
D) Clovis
13. The organization of the Christian Church was based upon that of

A) the Byzantine court
B) the Roman Empire
C) the Greek poleis
D) the Trojan army
14. The dogma that traces the authority of the papacy back to Jesus’ declaration of Peter as the “Rock of the Church” is called

A) the Donation of Pepin
B) the Donation of Constantine
C) the Petrine Doctrine
D) the Doctrine of Domitian
15. Medieval society was divided into

A) kings, dukes, and barons
B) those who pray, fight, and work
C) clergy, kings, and merchants
D) philosopher kings, soldiers, and workers
16. The system of feudalism, which involved the exchange of land for protection and service, provided the medieval world with all of the following except

A) social order
B) economic stability
C) religious fervor
D) a large labor system
17. Nobles who received fiefs of land from feudal lords were called

A) vassals
B) barons
C) serfs
D) fealties
18. Peasants who worked the manors of medieval lords were referred to as

A) fealties
B) barons
C) serfs
D) vassals
19. All of the following were Papal objectives of The Crusades except

A) securing the authority of Latin Christendom over the Byzantine Empire
B) securing more political power in western Europe for the pope
C) reconquering the Holy Land
D) ending the rule of Islamic law in the middle east
20. In order to assure the power of the English king, William the Conqueror

A) gave away ½ of the land in England to feudal lords
B) kept 1/6 of all of the land in England for himself
C) gave away all of the land in England to feudal lords
D) kept all of the land in England for himself
21. Henry I established the legal practice of uniform punishments for a crime throughout a country, known as

A) common law
B) civic law
C) salic law
D) criminal law
22. Henry II established the English legal principle of

A) habeas corpus
B) trial by water
C) trial by jury
D) trial by fire
23. All of the following are true of The Magna Carta except

A) it abolished the practice of trial by fire
B) it prohibits arbitrary arrest
C) it prohibits the king from imposing taxes with the consent of Parliament
D) it evolved from protecting the rights of feudal barons into guaranteeing the political rights and personal liberties of all English citizens.
24. The idea that God gave secular authority to the emperor and religious authority to the pope is called

A) The Medieval Synthesis
B) The Donation of Constantine
C) The Investiture Controversy
D) The Doctrine of Two Swords
25. The most powerful pope of the middle ages was

A) Martin V
B) Innocent III
C) Clement VII
D) Urban II
26. The forged document that the papacy used to assert authority over secular rulers is

A) The Investiture Controversy
B) The Doctrine of Two Swords
C) The Medieval Synthesis
D) The Donation of Constantine
27. The Fourth Lateran Council determined all of the following except

A) the need for Crusades to recapture Jerusalem
B) the Seven Sacraments as the only means of salvation
C) the principle of Salic Law
D) various sanctions against the Jews
28. Salic Law

A) declared the authority of the papacy over secular rulers
B) limited the power of feudal lords over serfs
C) prohibited women from ruling nations
D) forced Jews to wear the Star of David on their clothing
29. All of the following were defining elements of the medieval world view except

A) the theology of St. Augustine
B) critical inquiry into the nature of the world
C) the doctrines established at the Fourth Lateran Council
D) the theology of St. Thomas Aquinas
30. The reconciling of the works of Aristotle with Christian theology is called

A) the Medieval Enlightenment
B) the Medieval Synthesis
C) the Medieval Renaissance
D) the Dark Ages
31. Thomas Aquinas incorporated the works of Aristotle into Christian Theology by arguing all of the following except

A) faith must guide reason, but reason is not a sinful act
B) the works of Aristotle superseded the Bible
C) faith and reason both came from God, thus both could exist in harmony
D) the knowledge found in the works of Aristotle was revealed to him by God
32. The move towards intellectualism made during the High Middle Ages, which unintentionally weakened the influence of the Church, was called

A) monasticism
B) classicism
C) absolutism
D) scholasticism
33. The Middle Ages declined because of all of the following reasons except

A) the weakening of papal power
B) the proliferation of feudalism
C) the persistence of warfare
D) the social effects of disease
34. The Unam Sanctum declared that

A) councils were the true government of the church
B) the pope had both supreme religious and secular authority
C) the pope could appoint the Holy Roman Emperor
D) the Holy Roman Emperor could appoint the pope
35. The period when the papacy was under French control is known as

A) The Protestant Reformation
B) The High Middle Ages
C) The Avignon Papacy
D) The Great Schism
36. The Hundred Years War had all of the following effects except

A) beginning the “Golden Age of Witchcraft”
B) weakening England and France economically
C) providing a sense of unity for the French people
D) devastating the French countryside
37. The Bubonic Plague killed approximately

A) 75%-95% of Europe’s population
B) 50%-75% of Europe’s population
C) 10%-20% of Europe’s population
D) 30%-50% of Europe’s population
38. All of the following were considered causes of the Bubonic Plague by the people of the 14th century except

A) the depraved sinfulness of mankind
B) the acts of Jews and witches
C) a bacterial infection of the lymphatic system
D) the alignment of Jupiter, Saturn, and Mars
39. The Bubonic Plague weakened feudalism as an economic system for all of the following reasons except

A) it reduced the power of the pope
B) it reduced the demand for land
C) it reduced the need for large amounts of food
D) it reduced the labor force
40. The Black Death provided an opportunity for serfs to do all of the following except

A) be excused from military service
B) advance socially
C) bargain for wages
D) rent land

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