A person with conversion blindness, paralysis, or loss of feeling may also be said to be displaying:
A) pseudoneurological symptom.
C) selective symptomatology.
D) pain disorder.
A somatization disorder differs from a conversion disorder in that:
A) conversion disorders usually last less time.
B) conversion disorders are more common in men and somatization disorders are more common in women.
C) conversion disorders usually begin later in life than somatization disorders.
D) conversion disorders are more common than somatization disorders in the United States.
Conversion disorders most often appear in:
C) late adulthood.
D) middle adulthood.
Which of the following would lead you to suspect hysterical rather than medical symptoms?
A) symptoms consistent with the way the neurological system is known to work
B) uniform and even numbness in the “damaged” hand
C) a great number of accidents and an inability to get around in a “blind” person
D) muscle atrophy in the “paralyzed” body part
Which of the following is likely to be useful in distinguishing hysterical somatoform disorders from true medical problems?
A) the particular body part showing the symptom
B) you can tell that the person is faking the symptoms
C) the failure of a condition to develop as expected
D) the patient's description of the source of the symptoms
Which of the following is true about malingering and factitious disorders?
A) Hysterical and factitious disorders are identical.
B) Malingerers are trying to achieve some external gain by faking illness.
C) Those with factitious disorders do not intentionally create illness.
D) Malingerers and those with factitious disorders have no control over their behavior.
Someone who has Munchausen syndrome, also by definition, has:
A) Munchausen by proxy.
B) body dysmorphic disorder.
C) dissociative identity disorder.
D) a factitious disorder.
A key factor distinguishing between hypochondriasis and somatization disorder is that:
A) somatization disorder is more common in women, and hypochondriasis is more common in men.
B) hypochondriasis involves minor ailments overshadowed by high anxiety, and somatization disorder involves significant symptoms that overshadow anxiety.
C) hypochondriasis is more common in women, and somatization disorder is more common in men.
D) hypochondriasis involves minor ailments that overshadow anxiety, and somatization disorder involves significant ailments that are overshadowed by high anxiety.
Hypochondriasis differs from somatization disorder in that:
A) hypochondriasis is a hysterical disorder rather than a preoccupation disorder.
B) the symptoms are more pronounced in hypochondriasis than in somatization disorders.
C) more men than women experience somatization; more women than men experience hypochondriasis.
D) in hypochondriasis, anxiety is more pronounced than in somatization disorder.
If a therapist believed that a person were displaying hysterical symptoms because the symptoms helped the person avoid unpleasant situations, without questioning the therapist about why the symptoms developed, you couldn't know for sure if the therapist were:
A) a cognitive theorist or a psychoanalyst.
B) a psychoanalyst or a behaviorist.
C) a cognitive theorist, a behaviorist, or a psychoanalyst.
D) a cognitive theorist or a behaviorist.
It was convenient when Rowena awoke blind. She had been terrified about testifying and now she did not have to. According to psychodynamic theory, this is an example of:
C) primary gain.
D) secondary gain.
A client who is talking calmly and rationally all of a sudden begins whining and complaining like a spoiled child. If that client suffers from true multiple personality disorder, the client just experienced:
A) host transfer.
D) mutual cognizance.
Our expectations, values, and goals combine to form our:
B) ego ideal.
If you studied for this exam while you were unusually happy, you will probably do best taking it while you are:
A) unusually sad.
B) unusually happy.
C) moderately happy.
D) happy when you know the answers and sad when you don't.
What conclusion does research on hypnosis and hypnotic amnesia support?
A) People with multiple personalities may be faking their condition.
B) Self-hypnosis relies on different processes and produces different behavioral outcomes.
C) Dissociative disorders are similar to behaviors seen in hypnotic amnesia.
D) Dissociative disorders are extremely odd and inexplicable events.
Which of the following is not one of the leading forms of therapy for dissociative disorders?
What treatment approach is often used in cases of dissociative amnesia and fugue?
A) amphetamine injections
C) electroconvulsive shock therapy
D) family therapy
Psychodynamic therapy may be particularly effective in the treatment of dissociative disorders because:
A) psychodynamic therapy often tries to recover lost memories.
B) most other forms of therapy take several years to improve functioning of those with these disorders.
C) most dissociative disorders involve some degree of fixation.
D) those with dissociative disorders generally do not respond well to drugs and hypnosis.
If a person's mental functioning or body feels unreal or foreign, the person is most likely suffering from:
A) dissociative identity disorder.
C) body dysmorphic disorder.
D) dissociative amnesia.
Someone who is experiencing “doubling” is:
A) feeling like his or her mind is floating above him or her.
B) suffering simultaneously from Munchausen syndrome and Munchausen syndrome by proxy.
C) showing two out of several multiple personalities at the same time.