A) normalizing people's responses to the disaster.
B) diffusing anxiety, anger, and frustration.
C) providing referrals.
D) teaching self-help skills.
What percentage of rape victims qualified for diagnosis of acute stress disorder in Rothbaum, et al.'s study (1992)?
Which one of the following conditions makes it more likely that a woman will report a sexual assault?
A) The rape involves an unknown assailant, use of a weapon, or injury.
B) The woman is unmarried.
C) There were no other degrading acts as part of the rape.
D) The woman is poorly educated.
What proportion of women are the victims of rape at some point during their lives?
Surveys show that in the U.S., the typical female victim of rape:
A) is not tested for HIV, and has long-term health problems.
B) is not tested for HIV, and has no long-term health problems.
C) is tested for HIV, and has long-term health problems.
D) is tested for HIV, and has no long-term health problems.
Researchers have found at least a small link between Type A personality and:
A) coronary heart disease.
B) somatoform disorder.
C) lack of aggressiveness.
D) generalized anxiety disorder.
Which phase of the general adaptation syndrome is assumed to involve activation of the sympathetic nervous system?
Which of the following best illustrates the interaction of psychosocial and physical factors in the development of a medical condition?
A) asthma caused by a weakened respiratory system and allergies
B) chronic headaches caused by feelings of depression and anxiety
C) ulcers caused by the H. pylori bacteria
D) hypertension caused by obesity and constant stress
A person who has difficulty expressing unpleasant emotions such as anger or hostility is displaying a ______ and is at greater risk for heart disease/asthma.
A) type A personality
B) repressive coping style
C) sociocultural stressor
D) type B personality
Of the following, the most serious limitation of the Social Readjustment Rating Scale is that it:
A) was normed only on college students.
B) does not show a significant predictable relationship with physical illness.
C) does not take into account the stresses of diverse populations.
D) has not been revised and is thus outdated.
People with any psychological disorder are about how many times as likely to die of natural causes in a typical year, compared to people the same age without psychological disorders?
A) as likely
B) half as likely
C) twice as likely
D) three times as likely
A friend says, “I feel like I'm stressed out and sick all the time. What kind of person is least likely to have an immune system messed up like mine?” Your best answer is:
A) “A pessimist who is highly spiritual.”
B) “An optimist who is highly spiritual.”
C) “A pessimist who is not highly spiritual.”
D) “An optimist who is not highly spiritual.”