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Excess amounts of these foods are thought to augment the stress response?

Excess amounts of these foods are thought to augment the stress response?



2. As described by Roger von Oech, this is the “lead” role in the relay team of the creative process.
A) The Artist
B) The Judge
C) The Explorer
D) The Warrior

3. As described by Roger von Oech, this role can ruin the creative process.
A) The Artist
B) The Warrior
C) The Judge
D) The Explorer


4. This is considered to be the first step in the creative solving process.
A) Idea refinement
B) Evaluation and analysis
C) Description of the problem
D) Generating ideas


5. Thinking outside the box is an example of this stage of the creative process.
A) The Artist
B) The Warrior

C) The Explorer

D) The Judge


6. Experts suggest you put away this much money from your monthly income in savings.
A) 1%
B) 3%
C) 5%
D) 10%


7. The average college student carries roughly this much credit card debt.
A) $1,000
B) $2,500
C) $3,000
D) $5,500


8. The stress of  “poverty consciousness” is best described this way.
A) A perpetual lack of money
B) The fear of not enough money
C) Spending more money than you have
D) The fear of not paying your bills on time


9. Tips for “financial freedom” include all but the following:
A) Make a budget and follow it.

B) Place your credit cards in a glass of water and place the glass in the freezer.

C) Don’t lend money to your friends.

D) Consolidate your debt.


10. The foundation of sound time management skills includes these aspects.
A) Minimize time deadline stressors and avoid procrastination of major tasks.
B) Prioritize, adequately schedule, and execute personal daily stressors to satisfaction.
C) Edit personal daily schedule to essential responsibilities.
D) Make a list of short- and long-term goals, and reward the accomplishments.


11. Having a hard time saying “No” would fall in this category of time robbers.
A) Time juggler
B) Lifestyle behavior
C) Perfectionist
D) Procrastinator


12. This is not considered one of the “Three C’s” of time management.
A) Clocks
B) Calendars
C) Creativity
D) Completion dates


13. This is not considered one of the “Three Ps” of time management.
A) Punctuality
B) Planning
C) Pacing
D) Priorities


14. In time management, the Pareto principle has to do with:
A) prioritizing responsibilities.
B) executing responsibilities.
C) scheduling responsibilities.
D) all of the above.



15. This technique helps one administrate scheduled responsibilities.
A) Boxing
B) Pareto principle
C) Deadlines
D) Rewards
E) C and D





16.This coping technique helps neutralize the fear of the unknown.
A) Social orchestration
B) Dream therapy
C) Information seeking
D) Prayer


17. Hobbies, as a coping technique, can best serve to decrease stress in this way.
A) They help make order out of chaos.
B) They help divert attention away to gain clarity and insight into problems.
C) They serve as a respite from the stress of daily life.
D) The truth is that hobbies don’t serve as an effective coping technique.
E) A, B, and C.


18. The following is said to be true about diaphragmatic breathing.
A) It inhibits parasympathetic drive.
B) Long pauses help increase the heart’s reverberation to relax.
C) Breathing through the nose is more effective than the mouth.
D) It is used in conjunction with several other relaxation techniques.


19. This phase of diaphragmatic breathing offers a slight pause before the next inhalation.
A) Phase I
B) Phase II
C) Phase III
D) Phase IV

20. “Energy breathing” is a special technique where you visualize:
A) breathing air into your head and feet.
B) that you breathe in white light energy that surrounds you.
C) that you are a hot air balloon rising with each breath.
D) that you are a sailboat floating away with each breath.


21. This is an example of breathing by alternating the air through each nostril.
A) Cycle breathing
B) Breathing clouds
C) Energy breathing
D) Nadi Shodhanam


22. Meditation can best be described as:
A) a way to control polyphasia.
B) increased concentration that leads to increased awareness.
C) sensory deprivation.
D) a prayerful attitude, which leads one to one’s higher self.


23. From split-brain research, what have we learned about stress management?
A) The left brain is responsible for holistic thinking.
B) Right brain thinking styles are closely associated with relaxation.
C) Left brain thinking is closely associated with perceptions of stress.
D) The right brain is alert during the dream state to resolve problems.
E) B and C.

24. Yoga is an ancient Sanskrit word that literally means:
A) union of man and his environment.
B) the path of spiritual awakening.
C) union of mind, body, and spirit.
D) the path of enlightenment.

25. Hatha yoga literally means:
A) union of the sun and the moon.
B) the path of spiritual awakening.
C) union of mind, body, and spirit.
D) the path of enlightenment.


26. The Hatha yoga pranayama is:
A) the breathing technique.
B) the final positive affirmation.
C) the lotus sitting position.
D) the neural relaxation response.


27. The postures (positions) strived for in Hatha yoga are called:
A) rajas.
B) asanas.
C) postures.
D) nadis.

28. The Shavasana is also known as the __________ pose.
A) corpse
B) fish
C) tree
D) mountain

29.The primary difference between mental imagery and visualization is:
A) visualization requires outside assistance.
B) visualization necessitates repeated practice.
C) there really is no significant difference between the two.
D) mental imagery is a spontaneous flow of unconscious thought.

30. In the research conducted by Dr. Barrie Cassileth, it was found that:
A) cancer tumors went into remission with the use of mental imagery.
B) mental imagery is a right brain function.
C) mental imagery showed no effect in women with breast cancer.
D) serum white blood cell count significantly increased with mental imagery.


31.Which of the following statements is said to be true about massage?
A) Human touch is as essential in the high-tech age as food and water.
B) Massage therapy gained acceptance in the United States with the fitness boom.
C) Massage falls into three categories: Oriental, European, and American.
D) A and B.
E) All of the above.




32. This form of massage is based on the concept of unblocking areas to restore a balance of energy.
A) Swedish massage
B) Shiatsu
C) Rolfing
D) Myofascial release


33. Tsubos is a term used to describe:
A) an ointment for massage.
B) a flotation tank.
C) touch deprivation.
D) an acupressure point.

34.As a relaxation technique, T’ai Chi is best described as:
A) harmony with chi.
B) going with the flow.
C) the ultimate defense.
D) a moving meditation.


35. The Chinese view of health differs from the Western view in that the Chinese view is based:
A) on the Taoist philosophy.
B) largely on bacteria and viruses.
C) largely on a balance of yin and yang.
D) on the flow and impedance of chi.


36.This type of muscle contraction is associated with persistent muscle tension.
A) Isometric
B) Concentric
C) Isotonic
D) Eccentric

37. According to Dr. Edmund Jacobson, in PMR, each contraction should be held for ______ seconds.
A) 5
B) 1–2
C) 10
D) 5–10

38. According to Dr. Edmund Jacobson, in PMR, each relaxation phase should last ______ seconds.
A) 60
B) 30
C) 45
D) 10

39. The premise of PMR is the following statement.
A) Prolonged muscle tension is related to other more serious illnesses.
B) The progression of relaxed muscle groups promotes deep relaxation.
C) By sensing and releasing muscle tension, one can be more relaxed.
D) The comparison between tension and non-tension promotes relaxation.



40 . The term “bioavailability” means:
A) foods available in the grocery stores.

B) foods available during exercise.

C) nutrients available to digest.

D) nutrients available to absorb.


41. Which of the following is not a mineral that is depleted when a person experiences long-term stress?
A) Aluminum
B) Magnesium
C) Copper
D) Zinc
E) Iron


42. This is the reason why people who are stressed are vulnerable to nutrient deficiency.
A) They eat too fast and don‘t absorb nutrients.
B) They don‘t eat enough calories to absorb nutrients.
C) They don‘t restore essential nutrients.
D) A and B.


43. Free radicals cause stress to the body in which of the following ways?
A) Destroying cell membranes
B) Destroying mitochondria
C) Destroying DNA
D) A and B
E) All of the above


44. Current research suggests that this vitamin might be the most vulnerable to depletion through the stress response.
A) Vitamin A
B) Vitamin B complex
C) Vitamin C
D) Vitamin E


45. If you had recurring insomnia, you might consider taking this herb to help you get some sleep.
A) Valerian
B) Milk Thistle
C) Ginseng
D) Goldenseal

46. In terms of “spiritual nutrition” and the rainbow diet, cranberries, tomatoes, and most apples would be associated with this energy chakra.
A) Crown
B) Navel
C) Root
D) Heart





47. Excess amounts of these foods are thought to augment the stress response.
A) Processed flour
B) Refined sugar
C) Iron
D) Caffeine
E) A, B, and D
F) C and D


48. One bout of cardiovascular activity (e.g., walking, running) can burn ______ calories of energy.
A) 50–100

B) 100–150

C) 250–400

D) 500–1,000

49. It is proven that one must regularly participate in an exercise program for a minimum of _____ weeks to see beneficial changes that help reduce stress.
A) 2–4 weeks
B) 4–6 weeks
C) 6–8 weeks
D) 8–10 weeks

50. The American College of Sports Medicine suggests that these components of fitness be included in the design of every fitness training program.
A) Flexibility, power, strength, endurance, and agility
B) Agility, cardiovascular endurance, and muscular strength
C) Muscle strength/endurance, cardiovascular endurance, and flexibility
D) Cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, and flexibility

51. This statement is not true about the interpretation of art therapy.
A) Catharsis is more important than interpretation.
B) Although each color seems to be archetypal, there are different meanings.
C) In the hands of a qualified expert, interpretation is rather obvious.
D) The most important factor is the patient/client's impressions.


52.The Yerkes-Dodson Theory suggests that:
A.technology is creating a wedge between people and nature.
B.there is an optimal stress level that promotes performance.
C.200 Life Scale Units is the demarcation for critical stress levels.
D.stress is highly associated with chronic disease.

53. This behavior is an example of assertiveness.
A) Responding to situations rather than reacting to them
B) Posturing yourself in conversation with weight unequally distributed
C) Manipulating factors in your environment to go in your favor
D) Telling someone to "get lost" who accosts you in public

54. This landmark study (compensation theory) involving this group revealed the power of social support.
A) Combat soldiers
B) Cancer patients
C) Soccer teams
D) September 11th victims

55. Carl Jung believed specifically that:
A) people create their own reality at an unconscious level.
B) there is a spiritual element to human nature.
C) two unrelated events can have significant meaning.
D) divine wisdom resides at the level of the collective unconscious.
E) all of the above.

56. Which of the following statements are true?
A) Aggressive behavior is based on intimidation and manipulation.
B) Passive behavior frequently results in feelings of victimization.
C) People who express themselves assertively typically get their way.
D) A and B
E) B and C
F) All of the above

57. Spiritually speaking, Einstein's theory of relativity suggests that:
A) all things connect through some point of energy.
B) consciousness may actually be a form of energy.
C) spiritual matters are not bound by space and time.
D) all matter comprised of energy has a spiritual quality to it.
E) all of the above.

58.

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