Can you answer these for me
o Who is credited with developing the continental drift hypothesis?
o What was probably the first evidence that led some to suspect the continents were once connected?
o What was Pangaea?
o Briefly describe how the Himalaya Mountains formed
o Differentiate between transform faults and the other two types of plate boundary
o What is rock deformation?
o List three factors that determine how rocks will behave when exposed to stresses that exceed their strength. Briefly explain the role of each.
o How is a monocline different from an anticline?
o Contrast the movements that occur along normal and reverse faults. What type of force is indicated by each fault?
o The San Andreas Fault is an excellent example of a _______fault.
o How are joints different from faults?
o Briefly describe the development of a volcanic island arc.
o Distinguish between numerical and relative dating
o What is the law of superposition? How are cross-cutting relationships used in relative dating?
o Why is radiometric dating the most reliable method of dating the geologic past?
o What subdivisions make up the geologic time scale? What is the primary basis for differentiating the eras?
o How does the average depth of the ocean compare to the average elevation of the continents?
o What are turbidity currents? How do they differ from turbidites? What is meant by graded bedding?
o Discuss how seamounts and guyots are created and why they have a different shape.
o Describe features associated with the oceanic ridge.
o What is the primary driving force of surface ocean currents? How do the distribution of continents on Earth and the Coriolis Effect influence these currents?
o How do ocean currents influence climate? Give at least one example.
o List three factors that determine the height, length, and period of a wave.
o How do waves cause erosion?
o Discuss the origin of ocean tides. Explain why the Sun’s influence on Earth’s tides is only about half that of the Moon’s, even though the Sun is so much more massive than the Moon.
o How do diurnal, semidiurnal, and mixed tidal patterns differ?
o Distinguish between climate and weather
o List the basic elements of weather and climate.
o Why do the temperatures increase in the stratosphere?
o Briefly explain the primary cause of the seasons
o In what ways can geographic position be considered a control of temperature?
o How does cloud cover influence the maximum temperature on an overcast day? How is the nighttime minimum influenced by clouds?
o Summarize the processes by which water changes from one state of matter to another. Indicate whether heat energy is absorbed or liberated.
o How do relative humidity and mixing ratio differ?
o Why does air cool as it rises through the atmosphere?
o Explain the difference between environmental lapse rate and adiabatic cooling.
o How do temperature inversions influence air pollution?
o As you drink an ice-cold beverage on a warm day, the outside of the glass or bottle becomes wet. Explain.
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