Question 17 2 points Save
Taking positive action now to avoid becoming sick later is known as
Question 18 2 points Save
An example of secondary prevention is
receiving the flu vaccine.
flossing your teeth.
practicing safe sex.
joining a smoking cessation program.
Question 19 2 points Save
Health education for elementary school students is best described as which of the following levels of prevention?
Question 20 2 points Save
An exercise and healthy eating plan to recover from coronary bypass surgery is an example of
Question 21 2 points Save
Recognition of tobacco as a health hazard is
not yet established by science.
only true for people who smoke.
one of the ten greatest public health achievements of the twentieth century.
only important for young people.
Question 22 2 points Save
Clean, safe, water and improved sanitation have contributed to
control of infectious disease.
better governmental social control.
better studies of the population's drinking habits.
cancer causing microorganisms.
Question 23 2 points Save
The number of new cases of an illness each year is referred to as
Question 24 2 points Save
The usual number of cases of an illness occurring in the United States would be reported as the
Question 25 2 points Save
One reason women have not been included in clinical drug trials is
because two separate trials for men and women would be needed.
concern about how a medication would affect a fetus or childbearing capabilities.
problems with recruiting women to be involved with the studies.
women tend to drop out of studies.
Question 26 2 points Save
The Women's Health Initiative is a study focusing on
the health of women of all ages.
the leading causes of death for young women.
the leading causes of death for postmenopausal women.
the disease rates in women of all ages.
Question 27 2 points Save
The first leading cause of death for young adults (ages 15-24) in the United States is
Question 28 2 points Save
The leading cause of death for Americans is
Question 29 2 points Save
Factors that may add "life to your years" include
viewing mistakes as an opportunity to grow.
maintaining relationships with family and friends.
all of these
Question 30 2 points Save
Life experiences, knowledge, family background, beliefs, and values are examples of
Question 31 2 points Save
Leisa grew up in a physically active family. Now that Leisa lives on her own, they continually check on her to see if she is exercising and praise her for joining a fitness club. This is an example of
a predisposing factor.
a confirming factor.
a reinforcing factor.
an enabling factor.
Question 32 2 points Save
A high membership cost at a local gym might serve as a
Question 33 2 points Save
A good example of an enabling factor is
living near a walking path when you want to begin a walking program.
nagging your parents because they smoke.
encouraging your spouse to go to the fitness club with you.
having friends who exercise.
Question 34 2 points Save
Actions that increase susceptibility to negative health outcomes are
health promotion activities.
disease prevention activities.
Question 35 2 points Save
An adolescent smoker might think lung cancer only happens to old people. This is an example of which construct of the Health Belief Model?
cues to action
Question 36 2 points Save
A stable set of beliefs and feelings is
Question 37 2 points Save
Observing a friend's successful attempts to quit smoking in order to help yourself quit smoking is an example of
Question 38 2 points Save
According to the Theory of Planned Behavior, subjective norms
are not linked to our behavioral intentions.
can have a strong positive or negative impact on our behavioral intentions.
comprise what we think about the effects of our actions.
relate to our beliefs about the constraints on our behaviors.
Question 39 2 points Save
When applying the strategy of shaping to behavior change, one should
set very demanding goals for oneself.
only reward oneself when reaching the main goal.
use small achievable steps.
expect this strategy to provide immediate success.
Question 40 2 points Save
Going out for dinner as a reward for finishing a big project is an example of a(n) ________ type of reinforcer.
Question 41 2 points Save
Lower health insurance rates for non-smokers is an example of a/an ________ type of reinforcer.
Question 42 2 points Save
Not allowing yourself to think about getting stage fright and only focusing on the words when preparing to do a speech would be an example of
rational emotive therapy.
Question 43 2 points Save
All of the following would be good advice for changing a behavior except:
Understand your behavior.
Make several major changes at the same time.
Build in support and reinforcement.
Plan for setbacks.
Question 44 2 points Save
When analyzing personal behavior, consider all of the following except:
the frequency of the problem behavior.
what your partner thinks of your behavior.
the duration of the behavior.
your perceived seriousness of the problem behavior.
Question 45 2 points Save
In order to change problem behaviors
set realistic goals.
try to change all negative behaviors at the same time.
have a counselor decide which behavior to work on.
consider the possible negative outcomes.
it will cost money.
Question 46 2 points Save
Many athletes use this strategy to visualize attainment of goals.
Question 47 2 points Save
A strategy for overcoming the obstacle of stress could include
seeking emotional support.
identifying sources of stress.
finding constructive ways to deal with stress.
all of these
Question 48 3 points Save
When setting realistic goals, consider
if the behavior change is attainable.
the potential outcomes.
services that may be of help in achieving the goal.
all of these
Question 49 3 points Save
Rational-emotive therapy principles applied to behavior change include
Not allowing yourself to think about getting stage fright when preparing to do a speech would be
an example of
c)block thought stopping
d)rational emotive therapy