Why did the United States outlaw Chinese immigration in 1882 with the Chinese Exclusion Act?
The Chinese were forming violent gangs in California
The Chinese were taking jobs from Americans
The Chinese were trafficking in opium
The Chinese were creating slums in western cities
In Katsushika Hokusai's The Great Wave, what does the distant Mount Fuji represent?
A haven for the boats beneath the wave
The immortality of the natural world
The residence of the ancestors
The harmonious opposite of the water
In A Visit from the Old Mistress, why does Homer portray the old mistress dressed in black and the former slaves in white?
To celebrate the new equality of the races
To heighten the tension of the scene
To show the disparity in wealth between them
To balance the colors of his composition
Why did the Parisian workers revolt in June 1848?
Charles-Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte declared himself emperor
Bread shortages had led to massive inflation
The government shut down the National Workshops
The military seized control of the factories
What was one of the effects of Stephen Foster's plantation melodies?
To humanize the blacks
To romanticize the South
To capture the African beats
To make fun of the black dialect
Why were Timothy O'Sullivan's and Alexander Gardener's photographs of the Gettysburg battlefield so disturbing?
They removed the dead soldiers' shoes and turned out their pockets
No American battlefield had ever before been photographed with dead on it
They stacked the bodies into a pile to emphasize the number of dead
Their clarity enabled people to identify their dead family members
In his Haussmannization of Paris, why did Baron Georges-Eugène Haussmann widen Paris's streets?
To enable more shops to be built along them
To make it harder for mobs to barricade them
To allow for more factories to be built in the city
To make it more difficult for snipers to aim at people
Why did Haussmann's redesign cause the working class to move outside the city?
Their neighborhoods were destroyed
Schools were located outside the city
Factories replaced their tenement housing
The government built them new houses there
Why was Egyptian cotton so prized by European markets?
Held dye better
Long , strong fibers
Cheaper than American
Why did Mehmet Ali present France with an obelisk from Luxor Temple?
For the French's help in industrializing Egypt
In gratitude for helping him become Egypt's viceroy
For France's military support in his invasion of Turkey
As payment for the money Egypt borrowed from France
According to Émile Zola, what two factors over which they have no control determine people's lives?
Economy and social status
Heredity and environment
Class and heredity
Economy and environment
Why were Jacques Offenbach's operettas so popular with the French?
They included the second-act ballet
They satirized the Germans
They were light and entertaining
They glorified Louis-Napoleon's reign
Why did French audiences react so negatively to Wagner's Tannhäuser?
Its plot was hopelessly Romantic
It was performed in the German language
Its second-act dance was not a ballet
Its German plot inflamed French hostility
Why was Baudelaire forced to remove six poems from his book Les Fleurs du mal?
For criticizing the French government
For concerning lesbianism and vampirism
For presenting a romanticized view of death
For celebrating the lives of French prostitutes
Why in part did Manet's Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe (Luncheon on the Grass) disturb its viewers?
The subject is too mundane for the painting's grand scale
The nude female seems to serve no purpose
The two dressed men are oblivious to the nude female
The model for the nude female was Manet's wife
Why can Manet's Olympia be viewed as a statement about human slavery?
Olympia's hands are dirty
Olympia is a prostitute
Olympia is holding money
Olympia's maid is black
Why did Wagner design the orchestra to be underneath the stage of the Bayreuth Festspielhaus?
To open up more space for seating
To draw the audience closer to the stage
To make the Festspielhaus distinctly German
To soften the sound of the orchestra
In her novel Lélia, why does George Sand write a happier ending for Pulchérie, the prostitute, than for Lélia, her more virtuous sister?
Pulchérie is a realist
Lélia is unhappily married
Pulchérie is an idealist
Lélia is bourgeoisie
What earlier work does Manet's Olympia mirror?
Titian's Reclining Nude
Botticelli's The Birth of Venus
Giorgione's The Tempest
Antonio Canova's Paolina Bonaparte as Venus
How did Wagner accomplish his new "music drama"-reflections by the orchestra of the stage action?
With song cycles
With a rondo form
With multiple arias
Why do most of Edgar Degas's paintings have work as their primary theme?
Degas was a product of working-class parents
Middle-class buyers preferred that theme
Degas worked long and hard on his paintings
Work's stress made for intriguing facial expressions
Why does Renoir's Luncheon of the Boating Party seem to present an unreal world?
Men and women as equals
So many social classes together
No city overcrowding and pollution
Leisure and pleasure without work
Why can Renoir's Luncheon of the Boating Party be viewed as a response to Émile Zola's challenge for the Impressionists to create more complex paintings?
The strong outlines of each of the figures
The interlocking triangles connecting the figures
The use of identifiable people for the figures
The imitation of a Rubens' genre painting
Why did Camille Pissaro paint Red Roofs with the complementary colors red and green and orange and blue set side by side?
To intensify each other's hue
To contrast with the brown trees
To blur human design and nature
To imitate the play of light on nature
In Berthe Morisot's Summer's Day, why is one woman's dress with zigzags while the other is a patchwork of straight strokes?
To distinguish the clothing from the water
To show one's social superiority to the other
To emphasize the distance between them
To capture the diverse play of light better
What human-rights issue lay beneath the surface of nineteenth-century Russian culture?
Lack of women's rights
Child labor conditions
Plight of the serf
Imprisonment without trial
As stated in the chapter's "Continuity and Change" section, why were nineteenth-century Americans so attracted to French culture?
Liberation from Puritan morality
Avant-garde developments in art
History of France's traditions and style
Empathy for the many rebellions
Why did nineteenth-century Russian collectors favor French and German works over Russian art?
They recognized the genius of the Impressionists
They believed Russia was hopelessly backward
They appreciated the sense of rebellion
Russian art was too steeped in religion
What effect does Claude Monet's loose brushwork give to Boulevard des Capucines?
Snow drifting through trees
Animation of a public street
Insignificance of human swarms
Majesty of the Place de l'Opéra
How did Tchaikovsky raise ballet music to a new level?
With en pointe dancers and skimpier costumes
By including French and Russian folk music
With lyrical melodies and rich orchestration
By introducing realistic effects such as cannon shots
Why did one reviewer call Walt Whitman's Leaves of Grass "a mass of rotten filth"?
Native American support
Celebrations of sexuality
Free verse writing style
In 1892, what percent of all millionaires in the United States lived in Manhattan and Brooklyn?
With what did Native American tribes believe artistic skill coexisted?
Beauty and virtue
According to architect Louis H. Sullivan, what determined a building's identity?
Why did the Plains tribes begin performing the Ghost Dance in 1889?
To make the white people disappear
To prepare for battle at Wounded Knee
To bring about peace with the white people
To honor those who died from smallpox
Why was the Tammany Society originally founded?
How were women almost always portrayed in late nineteenth-century American visual art?
As erotic objects
How many Native Americans died on the Trail of Tears?
Why were Thomas Eakins' The Gross Clinic and The Agnew Clinic not well received by the American public?
Clinical portrayal of nudity
Inclusion of female figures
Inappropriate subject for art
How does Emily Dickinson's poetry resemble Walt Whitman's?
Focus on life in the city
Celebration of individual
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