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Q uestion 1 1. Counterfactual reasoning is like controlled processing in that it is _________, but it can be like automatic processing in that it may...

PSY 3140 Unit 2
Question 1 1. Counterfactual reasoning is like controlled processing in that it is _________, but it can be like automatic processing in that it may be _________. Answer intentional; nonconscious effortful; involuntary conscious; effortless voluntary; instantaneous 4 points Question 2 1. On your birthday, you arrive home and are overjoyed to find a large bouquet of flowers from your best friend. Your eyes grow wide and a broad smile crosses your face. You laugh in delight. This example best illustrates the use of nonverbal behavior to _________. Answer facilitate verbal communication convey attitudes communicate one's personality traits express emotions 4 points Question 3 1. After failing his psychology test, Joe ranted, “If only I had answered that one question differently. I would have passed the test.” This type of reasoning is called: Answer thought suppression. overconfidence reasoning. distinctiveness information. counterfactual thinking. 4 points Question 4 1. Nonverbal gestures that have well-understood definitions within a given culture usually have direct verbal translations, such as the “ok” sign or a thumbs up. These are known as:. Answer affect blend display rules consistency information emblems 4 points
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Question 5 1. All of the following are among the six universally recognized facial expressions reported by Ekman EXCEPT: Answer guilt. anger. fear. sadness. 4 points Question 6 1. Research on the health consequences of thought suppression suggests that spending effort suppressing thoughts is _________ to our physical health and _________ to our psychological health. Answer beneficial; detrimental detrimental; detrimental beneficial; beneficial detrimental; beneficial 4 points Question 7 1. Adrian Furham and colleagues (1989, 1993) have gathered preliminary evidence suggesting that in societies characterized by large inequities (e.g., extremes in poverty and wealth) citizens are more likely to endorse just world beliefs. These findings illustrate: Answer the role of income in influencing attributions. a cultural component to this defensive attributional style. that Westerners are more likely to employ this defensive attributional style. that poor people see the world more clearly than do wealthy people. 4 points Question 8 1. Although certain facial expressions are easily encoded and decoded across members of the human species, display rules: Answer signal whether we should pay attention to verbal or nonverbal behaviors. dictate whether to encode or decode a given expression. dictate that we should hide our embarrassment. signal that culture is important, too. 4 points Question 9
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Q uestion 1 1. Counterfactual reasoning is like controlled processing in that it is
_________, but it can be like automatic processing in that it may be
_________.
Answer intentional; nonconscious...

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