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Hi. I need help answering these questions. Thank you. 1 ART 1133 Study Guide for Exam 2- Unit 2- Themes, Chapter 4.1 through 4.11 Part 4 explores issues and themes that can be seen in artworks from around the world and throughout time. Artworks deal with belief systems, survival, the natural world, and technology; and with issues related to status, power, identity, and creative expression. By comparing and contrasting these works, students will be made aware of shared concerns, and also of the uniqueness of different cultures and artists. 4.1 Art and Community 1. Archaeologists Mark Lehner and Roger Hopkins discovered that it takes how many men to tumble a stone weighing less than 1 ton? 2. Artworks in public spaces are/can _____________________ 3. Diego Rivera and Susan Cervantes have both worked in the traditional Mexican medium of ______________________________ 4. Frank Lloyd Wright's Guggenheim Museum in New York_______________________ 5. Manmade mountains is another term for______________________ 6. Qin Shi Huangdi's army of terracotta soldiers_____________________ 7. The word vomitoria was used to describe the entryways at the Colosseum because _____________________________ 8. What common characteristic do the Sumerian bull lyre, Navajo sand painting, and Gèlèdé masquerade share?___________________ 9. Which of the following artworks no longer physically exists? Christo and JeanneClaude's The Gates, The Aztec Templo Mayor, Diego Rivera's Man at the Crossroads Looking with Hope and High Vision to the Choosing of a New and Better Future, Richard Serra's Tilted Arc _____All of the other answers 10. Which of the following is not a characteristic of "community art"?2 4.2 Spirituality and Art 1. Artworks that show interaction between humans and deities_______________all look the same, were made at the same time, were made by the same culture, always show the human bigger than the god, none of the other answers 2. Contemporary artist Betye Saar was referring to what aspect of traditional African art in her Ancestral Spirit Chair? _________________________ 3. Figure 4.23 depicts episodes from the life of Buddha __________ 4. In African art, such as that of the Senufo people, spirit figures are often shown as:_______________ 5. In the relief sculpture from the west pediment of the Temple of Zeus, the figures of the Lapith people are___________________ 6. Such sacred places as mosques, temples, shrines, and chapels are___________ 7. This chapter examines spirituality expressed in art through ________. depictions of specific deities, references to spirits and ancestors, reflections of communication with the spirit world, places with sacred resonance, all of the other answers. 8. What characteristic do the Stela of Naram-Sin, Virgin of Vladimir, and The Ecstasy of St. Teresa share? ________________ 9. What shared aspects of the caves at Lascaux and the catacombs in Rome indicate that these places were sacred to those who used them?_________ 10. Whether pagan, Christian, or Buddhist, artworks depicting deities are generally intended to ________.3 4.3 Art and the Cycle of Life 1. Artistic depictions of death are more prevalent now than during the Renaissance.___________ TRUE/FALSE 2. Artworks that engage the theme of the cycle of life ________. 3. How do bis poles represent the cyclical nature of human life?__________ 4. How does the Hopi kachina doll relate to nature?________ 5. In which of the following artworks is the identity of the person shown not important? Shiva Nataraja (Lord of the Dance) -Dead Christ-The Morgue (Gun Murder)- Sarcophagus lid from the Tomb of Lord Pacal 6. The Great Pyramids at Giza were designed to mimic part of the constellation Orion in order to_____connect the pyramids with the stars the pharaohs would inhabit in the afterlife- keep the pharaohs trapped on the earth to be accessible for later generations-convince Egyptians that humans are aliens who once inhabited the stars-remind Egyptians that Orion is the supreme deity 7. The Kongo kneeling female figure with bowl and child and the artifacts accompanying the Inca mummy of a boy are associated with sacrifice. These artworks ________.serve as role models for the rest of the community-hope to insure prosperity by giving up something of value-include imagery and designs with symbolic significance-become a meeting point between natural and supernatural realms-all of the other answers 8. The sculpture showing Shiva's dance indicates that he brings to life______ancestral traditions-the cycle of death and rebirth-the deceased dwarf beneath his feet-nirvana 9. Which of the following is true of Julie, Den Haag, The Netherlands, February 29, 1994?_______Birth is referred to symbolically through a round shape and umbilical cord-The sculpted figure shows birth actually taking place-The mother and baby are photographed shortly after birth 10. Why is the act of judgment important in such works as the Egyptian Book of the Dead, Gislebertus's Last Judgment, and Johannes Vermeer's Woman Holding a Balance?_____________________4 4.4 Art and Science 1. Applying tiny dots of color to a canvas to create optical effects is referred to as ________. 2. Art inspired by dreams and the subconscious describes what movement? 3. Gunther von Hagens, a German artist who combined anatomy and science, developed this art technique that uses preserved bodies after death: 4. In Joseph Wright of Derby's An Experiment on a Bird in the Air Pump the bird is shown being________________ 5. Jean Dubuffet's artworks often contain which technique?_________ 6. Martín Ramírez, whose works of art included iconic images of the Madonna, spent thirty-three years in Californian mental hospitals because he suffered from ________. 7. The calendar stone made by the Aztecs reveals how they used astronomical and mathematical knowledge to count_______ 8. What instrument does Marcia Smilack hear when she turns her work Cello Music upside down?______ 9. What item was useful to Muslims, who used it to find the direction in which to pray to Mecca and to calculate the time of day?________ 10. What term did Dalí invent that describes the foundation for his paintings?________ 11. When restorers began work on cleaning the Sistine ceiling in 1980, what did they discover had affected the original appearance of the frescoes?__________ 12. When the eye blends two colors that are near each other, creating a new color, this is known as ________. 13. Which artist coined the term Art Brut, describing art influenced by children and the mentally ill?____ 14. Who worked in a calm state, between heartbeats, and through the night, while creating works of art?_______5 4.5 Art and Illusion 1. Chuck Close painted with ________ to create portraits of friends and family. 2. Giulio Romano was trained by this artist, who influenced his painting Fall of the Giants:______ 3. The School of Athens, an architectural illusion created by Raphael, was painted for the library of ________. 4. What elements does Hogarth depict with accurate perspective in his engraving published in 1754, based on the teaching of such methods?________ 5. What term describes the optical trick of swelling columns at midpoint, which was used in the design of the Parthenon?______ 6. What was William M. Harnett investigated for due to the trickery and illusion created in his paintings?_________ 7. Which ancient Greek artist won a contest to create the most convincing painted illusion?_____ 8. Which artist, in his painting The Human Condition, challenged the Renaissance notion of the "illusionistic window"?_____ 9. Which artwork features a silhouette of a piano and pianist that transforms into a violinist when viewed from a different angle?________ 10. Which two philosophers, included in the center of The School of Athens, highlight the development of learning in the ancient world______6 4.6 Art and Rulers 1. Artists can emphasize the importance of a ruler by portraying him or her.__seated on a throne-in the center of a composition-in elaborate clothing-larger than other figures-all of the other answers 2. as seen in the Justinian mosaic from San Vitale, purple robes represent________ 3. From whom did the first emperor of Rome, depicted in the statue Augustus of Primaporta, claim he was descended?_____ 4. The Palette of Narmer emphasizes_____ 5. The artist of the Benin plaque used ________ to signify the central figure's importance. - 6. The empty cradle depicted in Élisabeth-Louise Vigée-Lebrun's portrait of Marie Antoinette represents_____ 7. The most distributed image in China in the 1960s was of________ 8. The most important element in the sunken relief of Akhenaten, Nefertiti, and their three daughters is_____ 9. Which of the following is not true of the Colossal Heads of the Olmec? -They were carved from a hard stone-The portraits represent real Olmec leadersThey decorated the tomb of the king-The stones were recycled 10. Which of the following statements about absolute power is true?-Rulers believe they receive their power from a divine entity-Rulers can govern how they please-Rulers can determine the religion of their people-Rulers can use money from their subjects to spend on themselves-All of the answers7 4.7Art and War 1. Francisco Goya's The Second of May and The Third of May depict_________ 2. Nick Ut's Vietnamese Girl Kim Phuc Running after Napalm Attack can be interpreted as the artist's disapproval of ________. 3. Night Attack on the Sanjo Palace gives us a strong sense of the weaponry favored by the Japanese samurai, which includes:______ 4. The Bayeux Tapestry was embroidered by_____ 5. The French government removed Ernest Meissonier's Remembrance of Civil War from an important art exhibition in 1850 because______ 6. The figure carrying another figure on the right-hand wing of Otto Dix's triptych The War is____ 7. Timothy O'Sullivan's Harvest of Death is a_____ 8. Wafaa Bilal is_________. 9. Which of these artists did not experience war as a soldier? -Michael Fay-Otto Dix-Ernest Meissonier-Anslem Kiefer8 4.8 Art of Social Consciousness 1. Dorothea Lange's Migrant Mother is a well-known symbol for the plight of _______ 2. Eric Fischl's Falling Woman deals with the subject of_______ 3. In 1914, Diego Velázquez's The Toilet of Venus (Rokeby Venus) was ________ 4. Jacques-Louis David's Death of Marat is about Jean-Paul Marat's:___________ 5. Joseph Mallord William Turner's Slave Ship condemned____________ 6. Maya Lin's Vietnam Veterans Memorial is located in:________ 7. Pablo Picasso's Guernica was created in black and white in order to:____________ 8. Pablo Picasso's Guernica, 1937, can be interpreted as:_______________ 9. Théodore Géricault's Raft of the Medusa focuses on____________ 10. The film Hotel Rwanda, directed by Terry George, increased America's public awareness of ________ in Rwanda. 11. The sixth-century icon Virgin and Child Surrounded by Saints is an object of worship that was intended to __________ 12. Wenda Gu's sculpture United Nations—China Monument: Temple of Heaven is made mostly from_________9 4.9 The Body in Art 1. An artistic representation of the human figure without clothes is called:________ 2. How do the Woman from Willendorf and Willem de Kooning's Woman I convey the power of women?___________ 3. Ideas about beauty during the Italian Renaissance, as seen in Botticelli's Birth of Venus, actively revive the concepts of beauty found in ________. 4. In the Ife head (possibly a king) and Kaigetsudo Dohan's Beautiful Woman, what aspects of the individuals are emphasized?______ 5. 6. Notions of beauty as seen in artworks are_______ 7. On which of the following formal elements does Henri Matisse concentrate in Blue Nude II?____Straight lines-Spiraling lines-Primary colors-The color blue-Rough texture 8. The artists Auguste Rodin, Henry Moore, and Alberto Giacometti show human figures in what way?___ As characters in elaborate scenery-With their anatomy distorted or fragmented-In a manner so detailed that we can see wrinkles and warts-Moving through space and time 9. The total number of nude people in Spencer Tunick's Installation at Zócalo, Mexico City, Mexico, May 6, 2007 was approximately:_______ 10.What did the use of a canon of proportions allow ancient Egyptian artists to do?__________ 11. Yves Klein's Anthropométries de l'époque bleue, March 9, 1960, used "living brushes" in its creation. These brushes were actually:__________

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1 ART 1133 Study Guide for Exam 2– Unit 2- Themes, Chapter 4.1 through 4.11 4.1 Art and Community 1. Archaeologists Mark Lehner and Roger Hopkins discovered that it takes how many men to tumble a stone weighing less than 1 ton? 2. Artworks in public spaces are/can _____________________ 3. Diego Rivera and Susan Cervantes have both worked in the traditional Mexican medium of ______________________________ 4. Frank Lloyd Wright’s Guggenheim Museum in New York_______________________ 5. Manmade mountains is another term for______________________ 6. Qin Shi Huangdi’s army of terracotta soldiers_____________________ 7. The word vomitoria was used to describe the entryways at the Colosseum because _____________________________ 8. What common characteristic do the Sumerian bull lyre, Navajo sand painting, and Gèlèdé masquerade share?___________________ 9. Which of the following artworks no longer physically exists? Christo and JeanneClaude’s The Gates, The Aztec Templo Mayor, Diego Rivera’s Man at the Crossroads Looking with Hope and High Vision to the Choosing of a New and Better Future, Richard Serra’s Tilted Arc _____All of the other answers 10. Which of the following is not a characteristic of “community art”?2 4.2 Spirituality and Art 1. Artworks that show interaction between humans and deities_______________all look the same, were made at the same time, were made by the same culture, always show the human bigger than the god, none of the other answers 2. Contemporary artist Betye Saar was referring to what aspect of traditional African art in her Ancestral Spirit Chair? _________________________
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