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HW 5 Optimality Theory Due 11:00 am November 5 _____ /103 . 1. Complete question 9 in Zsiga (p. 325-326) For the "How do you know?" questions,

Linguistic Optimality Theory

HW 5 Optimality Theory Due 11:00 am November 5 _____ /103 . 1. Complete question 9 in Zsiga (p. 325-326) ( 17 points ) For the “How do you know?” questions, reference the data given above the constraints. 2. Complete question 10 in Zsiga (p. 326) ( 16 points ) For the “How do you know?” questions, reference the data given above the constraints. 3. Complete question 12 in Zsiga (p. 327-328) ( 24 points ) For the “How do you know?” questions, reference the data given above the constraints. 4. Compare of SPE and OT for the Tagalog data. (22 points) a. Look at your answer for question 3 and your answer given for Part V on Exam 1. Using the data from Exam 1, add an analysis for the word ‘obtain there’ using your tableau in answer for Question 3. Give four plausible candidates. b. What candidate does the OT analysis predict? Is that what the Exam 1 data show? Explain. c. Regardless of which theory explains the data accurately, does SPE or OT theory give a more satisfactory explanation of the data? Explain. d. Does your opinion change when you add an OT analysis for the word ‘hold onto there’ to your tableau, keeping in mind the additional data (e.g., ‘blow there’). Explain. (BONUS possible +6) 5. In Hawaiian, the English loan word 'ticket' is pronounced [kikiki] and 'brush' is pronounced [palaki] (see G & J). Show how these two pronunciations are evaluated as "optimal" in Hawaiian, given a particular ranking of the OT constraints listed below. You may assume that the input forms are /kikik/ and /plak/, respectively. [Note: These inputs are derived by replacing each segment in the English words by the closest corresponding segment in Hawaiian. As noted in the text, Hawaiian has no coronal obstruents.] a. Among the set of possible candidates for /kikik/, include [kikik], [kiki], and [kikiki]. b. For /plak/, include [pla], [pala], [plak], [palak], [plaki], and [palaki] as candidates. c. Are any additional constraints needed? Explain. ( 24 points ) d. If additional constraints are needed, what might they be? (BONUS possible +4 max) Constraints: *CC *C ODA M AX D EP
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