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"Reformation; Counter-Reformation & Mannerism" Discussion Questions Please respond to the following, using sources under the "Explore" heading as the...

"Reformation; Counter-Reformation & Mannerism"

Discussion Questions

Please respond to the following, using sources under the "Explore" heading as the basis of your response:

1a. Discuss your view of whether Erasmus or Luther was more effective in bringing about religious reform. How did their approach to reforming the church differ?

1b. In the Sixteenth Century the printing press was “cutting edge” technology. Luther made use of it to promote his views. His literary opponents did not. Describe how you think this affected the course of the Reformation.

1c. Identify an example of the Protestant Reformation’s impact on visual arts.

2a. Explain whether you prefer the representation of the Last Supper by Tintoretto, Veronese, or da Vinci, identifying specific elements of the Mannerist and Renaissance artistic styles and why.

2b. Discuss whether you would have sided with Veronese or with Inquisition court, considering the issues of artistic freedom, right of the patron, and appropriate subject matter.

Explore

Reform
Erasmus, Chapter 17, (pp.563-564); Reformation and the princes (pp. 564-66); printing press (pp.570-74); visual arts (pp.578-83)
Counter-Reform & Mannerism
Mannerist Art: Chap. 20 (pp. 658-666)
Tintoretto's Last Supper at http://www.wga.hu/html_m/t/tintoret/5_1580s/3lastsup.html (click on the image to enlarge)
Tintoretto’s Last Supper, video, at http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/jacopo-tintorettos-last-supper.html.
Leonardo's Last Supper: p. 485 (fig. 14.25) and at http://www.philvaz.com/apologetics/LeonardoLastSupper.htm .
Inquisition trial of the artist Veronese: Chap. 20 (pp. 666-7 with fig. 20.15) and at http://members.efn.org/~acd/Veronese.html .

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