Question
Answered step-by-step

L. J. is a 55-year-old male who attended a funeral and found...

L. J. is a 55-year-old male who attended a funeral and found himself laughing during the service, but later that evening he was irritated with himself for what he had done. His wife said this was abnormal behavior and took him to his doctor to be evaluated. After L. J.'s MRI was reviewed, he was diagnosed with frontotemporal dementia. Which medication is recommended to help L. J. with his emotional outbursts?

A.

Memantine

B.

Escitalopram

C.

Donepezil

D.

Risperidone

When can buprenorphine be initiated in a patient who is suffering from an opioid overdose?

A.

As soon as the patient is stabilized

B.

It should be administered as soon as you find the patient unconscious

C.

Right after naloxone is administered to prevent the patient from going back into opioid overdose

D.

When the patient is experiencing mild-to-moderate symptoms of withdrawal

Of the following neurotransmitters, which one(s) are known to be severely disrupted in the disease Dementia with Lewy Bodies?

  1. Acetylcholine
  2. Glutamate
  3. Dopamine
  4. GABA
  5. Norepinephrine

A.

II only

B.

III only

C.

I and II

D.

I and III

Choose the correct statement regarding medications used for alcoholism

A.

Disulfiram: NMDA receptor antagonist & GABAA agonist

B.

Naltrexone: µ-opioid receptor antagonist that reduces the reinforcement/euphoria produced by alcohol

C.

Acamprosate: enhances the effect of the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid on the GABA receptors by binding to a site that is distinct from the GABA binding site in the central nervous system.

D.

Lorazepam: inhibits alcohol dehydrogenase, leading to a buildup of acetaldehyde

Patient is a 75-year-old female with a confirmed diagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease. She is currently on Donepezil 10 mg daily. She is accompanied to your clinic today by her daughter, who informs you that her mother has recently had an increase in depressive symptoms. She has no history of mood disorders. She has a history of hypertension and tonic-clonic seizures, but both are controlled. Assuming this patient will be thoroughly evaluated for the diagnosis of depression, what would you recommend as initial therapy?

A.

Amitriptyline

B.

Doxepin

C.

Fluoxetine

D.

Bupropion

Which neurotransmitters are likely involved in the pathophysiology of withdrawal seizures?

  1. Serotonin
  2. Endorphins
  3. Glutamate
  4. GABA
  5. Dopamine

A.

I and II

B.

II and V

C.

I and III

D.

III and IV

Which medication below should be routine for all suspected cases of alcohol intoxication and dependence?

A.

B vitamin thiamine 100 mg

B.

Haloperidol 5 mg

C.

Lorazepam 2 mg

D.

Acamprosate 666 mg

T. C. is an 88-year-old male who is diagnosed at your clinic with Dementia with Lewy Bodies. He currently has some debilitating gait issues, which makes his quality of life very poor. His memory is still intact with minor deficits. Which medication would likely benefit T. C. as his initial therapy?

A.

Levodopa/carbidopa

B.

Galantamine

C.

Memantine

D.

Benztropine

In the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's Disease, there are certain proteins that lead to the plaques and tangles that result in this progressive, irreversible brain disorder. Choose the appropriate protein with its corresponding pathology.

  1. Tau - tangles
  2. Beta-amyloid - tangles
  3. Tau - plaques
  4. Beta-amyloid - plaques

A.

I and II

B.

II and III

C.

II and IV

D.

I and IV

T. K. is a 72-year-old female who has suffered many strokes in the past, likely due to uncontrolled hypertension and hyperlipidemia. She has now been diagnosed with vascular dementia due to memory loss and motor system slowing. What is the recommended treatment for T. K.?

A.

T. K. needs the drug donepezil to help with her memory loss only.

B.

T. K. needs the drug donepezil to help with her memory loss, but also needs her hypertension and hyperlipidemia controlled.

C.

T. K. needs the drug donepezil to help with her memory loss, but also needs her hypertension controlled.

D.

T. K. needs her hypertension controlled only.

Answer & Explanation
Verified Solved by verified expert
<p>a. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie con</p> Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet

Unlock full access to Course Hero

Explore over 16 million step-by-step answers from our library

Subscribe to view answer

Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Ne vel laoreet a

gue

, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.

fficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus

gue

a. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum ditur laoree

cing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus adictum vitae odio. Done

gue

onec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Loremctum vitae od

gue

ur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit, dictum vi

gue

ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel lultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, cons

gue

Step-by-step explanation

ultrices ac
ec facilisis. P

m ipsum dolor sit amet, consectet

entesque dapibu

gue

sum dolor sit a

ctum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a m
Student reviews
57% (7 ratings)