please help 1) Braitenberg says that vehicle 2b is 'obviously' aggressive. But it may or may not be that he is speaking ironically. With this in mind...
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1) Braitenberg says that vehicle 2b is "obviously" aggressive. But it may or may not be that he

is speaking ironically. With this in mind which of the following is the best thing to say?

a. Braitenberg is clearly claiming that you don't need complex symbol manipulations in order to explain the kind of behavior that we commonsensically describe as aggressive.

b. Braitenberg is clearly claiming that such simple creatures are capable of aggression, but it just goes to show that aggression, and other emotional states, may be more simple than you think.

c. It is not clear which of the possibilities on this list Braitenberg is trying to say.

d. Braitenberg is clearly claiming that there is no reason to think that aggression, and other emotional states, really exist. Behavior can be explained just by postulating simple mechanisms.



2) According to Newell and Simon:

a. Artificial intelligence can be seen as an attempt to empirical test the necessity of the physical symbol system hypothesis, whereas cognitive psychology can be seen as an attempt to test its sufficiency.

b. Both artificial intelligence and cognitive psychology can be seen as an attempt to empirical test the sufficiency of the physical symbol system hypothesis.

c. Both artificial intelligence and cognitive psychology can be seen as an attempt to empirical test the necessity of the physical symbol system hypothesis.

d. Artificial intelligence can be seen as an attempt to empirical test the sufficiency of the physical symbol system hypothesis, whereas cognitive psychology can be seen as an attempt to test its necessity.

Top Answer

a. Artificial intelligence can be seen as an attempt to empirical test... View the full answer

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