1. Determinism is the view that we are not morally responsible for our actions.—T or F?
2. There being a
first moment in the realm of everything, a first state of the realm of everything, does not refute determinism, the view that the pastguarantees the future, because that first state—being first—is not even a future (not even, that is, something with a past).—T or F?
3. Since the key principle behind the view that determinism is true is that everything has a full cause, if determinists hold that there is a first state of the everything, then determinists must hold that the first state of everything is uncaused.—T or F?
4. An agent causing an action is incompatible with determinism.—T or F?
5. Why does a hard determinist typically think that determinism is true? (a) There is a full explanation for everything; and the only viable explanation for the future is everything that obtained in the past (since self-caused happenings are impossible). (b) Things do not just happen for no reason; and the reason why the future that does play out does play out can be provided only by what came before the start of that future (since things do not just pop up as a result of causing themselves to be). (c) There can be only one ultimate-initiating origin of and explanation for what occurs, and thus there cannot be many future paths forking out from that one source. (d) a and b (e) all of the above.
6. Determinism is the view that (a) if it is bound to be the case that I fall next Monday during lecture, then (although there may be many possible ways that things can proceed from now until Monday) there is no way for me to avoid falling during lecture on Monday. (b) the past guarantees the future at least on some occasions. (c) the past settles the future; the future is not objectively open. (d) a and c (e) all of the above
7. To say that A is self-caused is to say that A is brought about by A.—T or F?
8. Why does a compatibilist think that free will and determinism are compatible?