Introduction to ethics
Rawls argues that we can derive two over-arching principles of justice,
by considering a thought experiment, behind the veil of ignorance, which strips people of knowledge about their particular circumstances and characteristics. In such a situation, if given the opportunity, individuals would choose principles that are impartial, in that they don't favor any one group, and non-arbitrary, in that they don't favor characteristics that one is not responsible for, such as one's situation at birth. The two principles that would be chosen would be the two principles of justice.
Affirmative action is one such social structure that violates both principles of... View the full answer