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Which of the following best represents Aristotle's view about the role of morality in politics?

a) "Morality has no place in politics. Not only is it immoral to try to legislate morality, but it is impossible to do so. Morality is about intention or motive, and the state cannot affect the motives of its citizens. Only the individuals themselves can determine their motives."

b) "Morality will always play some role in politics, but only regarding questions about basic rights."

c) "Encouraging and fostering a virtuous citizenry is the primary purpose of the state."

d) "While it is always best to have virtuous citizens, the state itself should remain non-judgmental and take no position on which ways of living are best."

e) All of the above are correct.


And


According to Professor Sandel, if judgments about the good are unavoidable in debates about justice and rights, is it possible to reason about the good?

a) If reasoning about the good means that contending parties must share a single rule or maxim or criterion for the good life, to which one can appeal in every disagreement about morality, then the answer is "Yes."

b) If reasoning about the good means that contending parties must share a single rule or maxim or criterion for the good life, to which one can appeal in every disagreement about morality, then the answer is "No."

c) If reasoning about the good life (or, for that matter, justice) means moving back and forth between our considered judgments about particular cases and the general principles we would articulate to make sense of these judgments, then the answer is "Yes."

d) If reasoning about the good life (or, for that matter, justice) means moving back and forth between our considered judgments about particular cases and the general principles we would articulate to make sense of these judgments, then the answer is "No."

e) b) and c)

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