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According to David Hume, what are statements about causation?
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According to David Hume, what are statements about causation?a) They are truths of science

b) Causation, according to Hume, is something that the human mind devises when there is a constant conjunction between representations.

c) They are God's truths.

d) They are accurate depictions of reality.

e) Unknown


What is the purpose of invoking the "Evil Genius" Hypothesis?

a) To test sense knowledge for apodictic certainty.

b) To test emotional knowledge for apodictic certainty.

c) To test one's commitment to finding knowledge.

d) To test math and logic as the apodictically certain foundation for knowledge.

e) There is nothing special about the "Evil Genius" hypothesis; it is basically the same as the Dream Hypothesis.


In the film, The Thirteenth Floor, is the world where David and his wife live "the real world" and NOT a simulation?

a) True

b) False

c) Unknown


In the film, The Thirteenth Floor, who killed Hannon Fuller?

a) Douglas Hall

b) Jane Fuller

c) Ashton

d) David

e) Ferguson


Within epistemology, what is "Foundationalism" as Descartes conceives of it?

a) Foundationalism claims that knowledge is like a house of cards, easily overthrown and similar to "sand."

b) Foundationalism claims that knowledge and epistemic justification must have a tiered structure: Some instances of knowledge and justification are non-inferential, or foundational; and all other instances thereof are inferential or non-foundational in that they are ultimately derive from foundational knowledge.

c) The position holds that "Foundational beliefs" are apodictically certain and are able to guarantee the certainty of the non-foundational (or inferential) beliefs that they support.

d) Both (A) and (B) are true.

e) Both (B) and (C) are true.


In the film, The Thirteenth Floor, how does Whitney die?

a) He is murdered by David.

b) He is murdered by Hall.

c) He is murdered by Ashton.

d) He is shot by McBain

e) He steps in front of a truck.


In the film, The Thirteenth Floor, is the 1999 world a simulation?

a) Yes

b) No

c) Unknown


What is the purpose or goal of Ancient skepticism?

a) The purpose is to understand science.

b) The purpose is to avoid unrespectable theories.

c) The purpose is to attain mental tranquility by suspending judgment.

d) Both (a) and (c) are true.

e) None of the above.


What proposition (or propositions) does Descartes claim survive both the Dream Hypothesis and the Evil Genius Hypothesis?

a) I am, I exist.

b) I think, therefore I am.

c) I am nothing but a thing that thinks, I am thinking substance.

d) All of (a)-(c) are true

e) None of the above are true.


If the sense-data theory is true, how does anyone know that her mental representations are accurate or true of the world as it really is?

a) This is the problem, we cannot know. Skepticism seems to follow from sense data theory.

b) Some scholars claim that our representations are accurate, but they fail to explain in any detail how or why this is the case.

c) There is no need to explain. Philosophers should just assume that God gives us good representations. Likewise, a scientist should not worry about the laws of nature. God makes sure they work.

d) All of the above

e) Only (a) and (b) are true.

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