What view of morality is suggested by the story of the Ring of Gyges?Question 1 options:
People will act morally in an ordinary way under ordinary circumstances; given extraordinary powers, they will perform extraordinarily moral deeds.
People only act morally because they are afraid of divine punishment; they would do immoral actions if they thought the gods would approve of them.
People only act morally because they are concerned with what society thinks; they would do immoral actions if they thought they could get away with them.
How does the field of ethics differ from philosophical fields such as metaphysics and epistemology?
Question 2 options:
The other fields attempt to describe how things are, while ethics attempts to prescribe what we should do.
The other fields attempt to define the limits of our understanding, while ethics attempts to define the limits of our behavior.
The other fields attempt to answer questions about reality, while ethics attempts to answer questions that are more theoretical.
The other fields attempt to explain how things are supposed to be, while ethics explains what we do.
Question 3 (2 points)
According to virtue ethics, what is the fundamental question of ethics?
Question 3 options:
What sort of person should I be?
How do I determine my duty?
How do I avoid being blameworthy?
What is the best set of rules to follow?
Question 4 (2 points)
Each of the following is a way in which virtue ethics differs from other systems EXCEPT:
Question 4 options:
It emphasizes the importance of good role models.
It applies to a person's whole life, not just situations in which wrongdoing must be avoided.
It provides a theoretical basis for making moral decisions.
It focuses on character traits that endure beyond specfic decisions.
Question 5 (2 points)
According to Aristotle, how do we find happiness?
Question 5 options:
By fulfilling what it means to be human.
By examining our own motives in every action.
By comparing our actions to a universal standard.
By following rules of good behavior.
People will act morally no matter what opinion society has; they would not commit immoral actions even if they had the opportunity.