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QUESTION 16A.The Argument from ContingencyB.The Ontological ArgumentC.The Argument from DegreesD.

Which of the following were versions of the Cosmological Argument given by St. Thomas?  (Select all that apply.)  

The Argument from Causation

E.

The Argument from Motion

F.

The Teleological Argument



QUESTION 17

Several years before his death, something happened to St. Thomas which caused him to cease his writing and philosophical work.  What was it?

A.

He was fired by the University of Paris for his "secular" or "worldly" thinking and so he was unable to continue his work.

B.

He had a traumatic experience at war, which caused him to feel hopeless and despondent.  

C.

He had a "beatific vision" of the full and final reality . . . God?

D.

He had a stroke which forced him to stop working.


QUESTION 18

Which of the following are common objections that are made to the Cosmological Arguments? (Select all that apply.)

A.

If everything requires a cause then what caused God?  

B.

Maybe there never was a beginning, so a creation point is not needed.  The past is infinite.

C.

God might exist but not be perfect.

D.

It doesn't argue for anything specific like what we usually call "God."  


QUESTION 19

One of the reasons that St. Thomas was interested in laying a "philosophical framework of open inquiry" was because________________

A.

He was so dedicated to Plato's thought that he believed such great thinkers should find a voice along with the Bible.  

B.

He saw how strict religious thinking was dampening the earlier Muslim advancements in science, math, and technology.

C.

He was fearful of the Church's control over academics.

D.

He was jealous of Islam and feared that the Muslims would out-think the Christians.


QUESTION 20

St. Thomas' philosophical system is called Natural Theology.

 True

 False


 QUESTION 21

William of Ockham is significant to our study as a link between the Middle Ages and the more scientific age of the Renaissance.

 True

 False


QUESTION 22

Which of the following endeavors was part of the renaissance in European culture?  (Select all that apply.)

A.

The arts: painting, sculpture, music, architecture, literary

B.

The exploration of the Far East

C.

The Reformation and Counter-Reformation

D.

The Crusades against the Muslims

E.

The Scientific Revolution

F.

The exploration of the Americas (North and South)


QUESTION 23

By the end of the Reformation and the Counter-Reformation, what two things could the "protestants" and the Roman Church never agree on? (Choose two.)

A.

The idea that salvation and heaven are by God's grace alone, and not through good deeds or indulgences.

B.

The authority of the Pope vs. the New Testament

C.

Whether we should pray to saints.

D.

Whether Mary was actually a virgin when she conceived the Christ.

QUESTION 24


"Renaissance" means "New Age."


True

 False


QUESTION 25

Select the best definition of "empiricism" from our study.

A.

When knowledge is obtained through sensory experience (a posteriori) and is publicly verifiable.

B.

When knowledge is obtained strictly by the scientific method.

C.

When knowledge is obtained through reason, logic, and definitions.

D.

When knowledge is obtained through personal revelation from God.





QUESTION 26

Which of the following is sometimes called "the last man of the Renaissance"?

A.

Michelangelo

B.

Erasmus

C.

Giordano Bruno

D.

Copernicus

QUESTION 27

The Renaissance thinkers were more interested in the humanities and moral philosophy than with metaphysics (ontology), and they turned philosophy into a study for all people, and not just the clergy.

 True

 False


QUESTION 28


Which of the following is the principle now called, "Ockham's Razor"?

A.

Keep a sharp line between Church and State. Do not mix your religion with your politics.

B.

Prefer simpler explanations over more complex ones.  Always shave the excess out of your theories.

C.

Work to cut God out of your theories. The "God" concept is unnecessary for explaining anything.

D.

If a theory seems too simple, it probably is. Reality is usually fairly complex.

QUESTION 29

During the Renaissance, Plato won the battle for the minds of Europeans and the new American settlers. It was a very Platonic period and Aristotle faded from view for many centuries.

 True

 False


QUESTION 30

Renaissance Humanism also meant that, even in their Christianity, people became more focused on the centrality of human thoughts and human needs than on the other world and God.

 True

 False

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QUESTION 16 Which of the following were versions of the Cosmological Argument given by St. Thomas?(Select all that apply.) A. The Argument from
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