This question has been answered
Question

1.         Philosophy is an activity that consists essentially in ...a)    Caring for nature.

b) Protecting human life.

c)    Appreciating art.

d)    Striving to posses beautiful laws and institutions.

e)    None of the above.


2.         We all get our beliefs ...

a)    Entirely by practicing mathematics.

b) Since our adolescence.

c) Only from parents, relatives, and friends.

d) All of the above.

e) None of the above.


3.         According to Ortega y Gasset the history of philosophy ...

a)    Shows a unity in its diversity.

b)    Is not related to doing philosophy.

c)    Is a collection of completely opposite intellectual experiences.

d)    Both b) and c).

e)    None of the above.


4.         Ortega holds that to do philosophy we must ...

a)    Be creative and pay no attention to what past philosophers have thought.

b)    Be familiar with the history of philosophy.

c)    Be in good health.

d)    Both a) and c).

e)    None of the above.


5.         According to Ortega the relation between the history of philosophy and philosophy is ...

a)    Interactive.

b)    Non-existing.

c)    Both a) and b).

d)    Depends on the nationality of each philosopher.

e)    None of the above.


6.         Greek Mythology and Greek philosophy are related because ...

a)    Greek mythology influenced Greek philosophy.

b)    Greek philosophy criticized Greek mythology.

c)    Both a) and b).

d)    The gods ordered these to be related.

e)    None of the above.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               i.    



7.         The term "Pre-Socratics" means the group of philosophers that ...

a)    Lived before Socrates.

b)    Lived outside the Greek mainland.

c)    Fought in the Peloponnesian War.

d)    Were either atheists or athletes.

e)    None of the above.


8.         Myths are ...

a)    Identical to philosophy.

b)    Stories lacking any valid insights.

c)    Both a) and b).

d)    Answers to questions raised in every culture.

e)    None of the above.


9     A key belief of Greek Mythology was ...

a)    That the physical world had an order.

b)    That moderation should be avoided.

c)    That human life was subject to rules.

d)    Both a) and c).

e)    None of the above.


10.      Anaximander's Boundless, Infinite (Apeiron) ...

a)    Had no beginning.

b)    Had no specific nature.

c) Was the source of all things.

d)    All of the above.

e)    None of the above.


11.      Anaximander agreed with Thales that the explanation of things was to be found in ...

a)    The Homeric gods.

b)    The inspiration of the poets.

c)    Traditions.

d)    Things themselves.

e)    None of the above.


12.      Thales' question (What is the one ultimate reality of which all things are made?) addresses the problem of ...

a)    Allegory of the Cave.

b)    Appearance and Reality.

c)    Change.

d)    The One & the Many.

e)    None of the above.




13.      Anaximander's view of the universe was based on ...

a)    A mathematical interpretation of reality.

b)    Flux and opposition.

c)    Moderation as a cosmic principle.

d)    Being and non-being.

e)    The Forms of the intelligible world.


14.      The Pythagoreans ...

a)    Were atheists.

b)    Engaged in philosophy to justify rationally their religious beliefs.

c)    Used philosophy to prove the uselessness of religion.

d) All of the above.

e) None of the above.


15.      Xenophanes criticized the Homeric portrayal of the gods because it ...

a)    The gods opposed Plato's Forms.

b)    Did not correctly describe the rituals of sacrifice to the gods.

c)    Had errors in the ranking of the gods.

d)    All of the above.

e)    None of the above.


16.      A philosophical innovation of Xenophanes was to ...

a)    Relate philosophy and prayer.

b)    Emphasize the value of sports in leading the good life.

c)    Disapproved of the Olympic Games.

d)    All of the above.

e)    None of the above.


17.      The Pythagoreans discovered that ...

a)    Fundamental reality could not be identified with physical reality.

b)    The essence of things was numbers and figures.

c)    All things are imitations of numbers and figures.

d)    The nature of music was mathematical.

e)    All of the above.


18.      The Pythagoreans held that ...

a)    The body was immortal.

b)    When the souls died the body could take another soul.

c)    The soul was an obstacle to contemplation.

d)    All of the above.

e)    None of the above.




19.      For Heraclitus reality was ...

a)    Chaotic.

b)    Musical.

c)    Fundamentally mathematical.

d)    All of the above.

e)    None of the above.


20.      According to Heraclitus opposition ...

a)    Leads inevitably to self-destruction.

b)    Is wrong and evil.

c)    Is necessary and good.

d)    All of the above.

e)    None of the above.


21.      Parmenides believed that ...

a)    Thinking was unrelated to being.

b)    We did not perceive change through our senses.

c)    There were several Entities.

d)    All of the above.

e)    None of the above.


22.      For Democritus ...

a)    The universe consisted of atoms and the void.

b)    Atoms were material.

c)    The movement of the atoms explains how things come to be and cease to be.

d)    All of the above.

e)    None of the above.


23.      The Sophists held that ...

a)    Seeking our self-interest was a matter of physis.

b)    The laws of society were a matter of nomos.

c)    Both a) and b).

d)    The justice of the laws was based on the order of the universe.

e)    None of the above.


24.      Socrates claimed that "a good man cannot be harmed" because ...

a)    Nobody would dare to harm a good man.

b)    A good man was protected by the gods.

c)    He believed his body was immortal.

d)    All of the above.

e)    None of the above.


25.      To prove that the Forms are real Plato uses the ...

a)    Epistemological Argument.

b)    Metaphysical argument.

c)    Semantic argument.

d)    All of the above.

e)    None of the above.




26.      The categories are different basic kinds of statements.

a)    True.

b)    False.


27.      For Socrates self-awareness of ignorance is not a condition for seeking knowledge.

a)    True.

b)    False.


28.      Plato believed that objects could be more or less real.

a)    True.

b)    False.


29.      The "discovery of things" happens within mythic consciousness.

a)    True.

b)    False.


30.      In theoretic consciousness human beings see themselves surrounded by powers.

a)    True.

b)    False.


31.      Having techné is exactly the same as having knowledge only from reading books.

a)    True.

b) False.


32.      The Greek term arête is broader than the English word virtue.

a)    True.

b)    False.


33.      Socrates changed the direction of philosophy from cosmological to ethical questions.

a)    True.

b)    False.


34.      Socrates believed that the human arete was achieving excellence of a techne.

a)    True.

b)    False.


35.      For Plato the Forms exist outside of our mind.

a)    True.

b)    False.


36.      Having techné is the reason Plato says that the man who knows justice is just.

a)    True.

b)    False.


37.      The Sophists' view of rhetoric was based philosophically on skepticism and relativism.

a)    True.

b)    False.




38.      Success in using the Socratic Method depends only on intelligence.

a)    True.

b)    False.


39.      For Aristotle universal judgements are knowledge.

a)    True.

b)    False.


40.      The chair you are sitting on is what Aristotle called a secondary substance.

a)    True.

b)    False.


41.      For Plato the physical world was more real than the immaterial world of the Forms.

a)    True.

b)    False.


42.      Aristotle believed that the forms exist in things and not in a separate world.

a)    True.

b)    False.


43.      For Aristotle the self (psyche) of a human being is the form of its body and they are inseparable.

a)    True.

b)    False.


44.      For Aristotle a term is true if it corresponds to the reality that it stands for.

a)    True.

b)    False.


45.      For Aristotle the sensible world is fully real and knowledge of the world starts with the senses.

a)    True.

b)    False.


46.      For Aristotle primary substances are classes of things.

a)    True.

b)    False.


47.      Aristotle believed that if we work hard we can attain the certainty of mathematics in any topic.

a) True.

b) False.


48.      For Plato each stage in the growth of love supplements the previous stages.

a) True.

b) False.


49.      For Aristotle knowledge starts and ends with the senses.

a) True.

b) False.


50.      In the Symposium Plato has Socrates stating that love is a god.

a) True.

b) False.

Answered by Expert Tutors
Step-by-step explanation
Philosophy is an activity that consists essentially in . a)Caring for nature. b) Protecting human life. c)Appreciating art. d)Striving to posses...
Get unstuck

277,629 students got unstuck by Course
Hero in the last week

step by step solutions

Our Expert Tutors provide step by step solutions to help you excel in your courses