Course Hero Logo
Question
Answered step-by-step

1)    In the context of justice, what is desert?...


1)    In the context of justice, what is desert?

a.     When a society, like the desert, is barren (with respect to morality).

b.     When people get what they deserve

c.     When a a society is so unjust that people leave (i.e., desert) it

d.     When individual rights are ignored (deserted).

2)    Though there isn't widespread agreement on what justice is, questions of justice typically focus on fairness, equality, desert, and rights

a.     True

b.     False

3)    What does distributive justice focus upon?

a.     Making sure that wealth is distributed evenly in society.

b.     Making sure that the goods of society (including freedom as well as wealth) are distributed evenly

c.     Whether capitalism is the best way to arrive at a fair distribution of wealth.

d.     The proper way to distribute social benefits and burdens, including economic ones.

4)    According to Mill, what is a right? 

a.     To have a claim to bodily integrity and your property

b.     To have a claim that is based on just deserts

c.     To have a claim that society ought to defend on the basis of general utility

d.     Trick question, Utilitarians can't make sense of rights because they only care about consequences.

5)    For Mill, which of the following rights is the most central to having a just society?

a.     The right to be free from harm

b.     The right to do whatever you want

c.     The right to vote

d.     The right to free speech

6)    Mill notes that when it comes to economic distribution, there is a conflict between two principles of justice: 

(i) Whoever does their best should not occupy an inferior place in society, since they wouldn't be blameworthy for occupying this inferior place.

(ii) Taking wealth from someone who has earned it (through, e.g., taxes) is similar to robbing them.

What does he say about how we should resolve this conflict?

a.     Justice tells us to give priority to (i).

b.     Justice tells us to give priority to (ii).

c.     We should figure out which principle yields greater social utility.

d.     Trick question, Mill says that there's no right answer

7)    Utilitarians tend not to favor worker participation. 

a.     True

b.     False

8)    According to utilitarians, every additional dollar you have brings the same amount of additional happiness.

a.     True

b.     False

9)    Consider the following two societies

Society 1: 100 people who all work and experience utility of about 10 each

Society 2: 90 people who don't work and experience utility of about 15 each, and 10 people who are the slaves and experience utility of 1 each.

According to the utilitarian, which society should we prefer?

a.     Society 1

b.     Society 2

10) For the libertarian, which of the following best describes what liberty is? 

a.     Being free to do literally whatever you want.

b.     Living according to your own personal choices so long as you follow the law

c.     Living according to your own personal choices so long as you don't interfere with anyone else living according to their personal choices.

d.     Being free to do whatever you want as long as you don't violate any of your duties to society.

11) For the libertarian, a just government:

a.     Only interferes to protect the individual liberties of citizens

b.     Only interferes on matters concerning the welfare of the state

c.     Only interferes to prevent harm

d.     Is never allowed to interfere.

12) Lockean rights are negative rights, which means that "they require only that people forbear from acting in certain ways--in particular, that we refrain from interfering with other people." They do not include positive rights, or ones on which others are "required to do anything positive for us."

Which of the following is an example in which you have had a negative right violated?

a.     A company doesn't hire you even though you are the best candidate.

b.     Your parents don't include you in their will.

c.     A doctor refuses to give you treatment because you are poor

d.     Amazon doesn't ship you your package after you've paid for it.

13) Which of the following is not part of Nozick's entitlement theory? 

a.     A person is entitled to property that they gain without violating others' rights as long as they put it to use and leave enough for others.

b.     A person is entitled to property acquired through free exchange with consenting parties

c.     A person is not entitled to property that they did not purchase with their own money

d.     A person is not entitled to property that they did not gain through just acquisition or transfer

14) What lesson is the Wilt Chamberlain example supposed to demonstrate?

a.     It is unjust for someone to be so much richer than everyone else in society

b.     It is sometimes permissible for the government to prohibit trading between people

c.     In order to tell whether a distribution of wealth is just, you have to know how that distribution came about

d.     Equal wealth distribution is unjust

15) According to Nozick's entitlement theory, does the US government justly own its land, and why?

a.     Yes, because the US discovered its land and put the land to good use

b.     Yes, because much of the land belonging to the US was acquired through agreements with other governments that owned the property

c.     No, because nearly all of its land was taken from its original inhabitants or under duress

d.     No, because governments have no rights

16) Libertarians typically are committed to an unrestricted free market, which means that the government should never interfere with the market. 

a.     True

b.     False

17) According to libertarians, it would be a very good thing for a Jeff Bezos to donate food to starving children.

a.     True

b.     False

18) Think back to the days when people owned CDs and DVDs. It seems that if you bought a CD so that it became your property, you should be able to make copies of it and sell those copies. But this would have been illegal because your property rights did not extend to making and selling copies

According to critic of libertarianism, this example shows that:

A.   When you purchase a CD, you are entitled to do whatever you want with it

B.   Property rights shouldn't be subject to arbitrary government restrictions, as in the CD case

C.   Property rights are determined by social institutions, so it doesn't make sense to say that social institutions can't dictate what those rights entail

D.   The government is interfering too much when it comes to intellectual property rights

19) What is the original position?

a.     The original state of the world before governments were formed.

b.     The state right before a government is formed when the founders gather to decide how to structure the society (e.g., the Constitutional Convention)

c.     A hypothetical situation in which people have perfect knowledge and construct an ideal society

d.     A hypothetical situation in which people choose what sort of society would be in their self-interest without knowing their place in society

20) When one is behind the veil of ignorance, which of the following is known?

a.     General knowledge of history, sociology, and psychology

b.     One's place in society

c.     One's natural talents.

d.     One's personal religious and moral convictions

21) The point of the veil of ignorance is to force people to be as objective and unbiased as possible in order to facilitate good decision making

a.     True

b.     False

22) Rawls is concerned with inequality that results from natural gifts like being smart, beautiful, business savvy, having rich parents, etc., because we do not deserve moral credit for those gifts which give us social and economic advantages

a.     True

b.     False

23) Consider the following societies: 

Society 1: 100 with utility of 50

Society 2: 90 people with utility of 100, and 10 people with utility of 40

Society 3: 60 people with utility of 60, and 40 people with utility of 55

If you use the maximin rule, which society should you choose to live in, and why?

a.     Society 1, because it is the most equal society

b.     Society 2, because it has the highest overall value.

c.     Society 2, because it has the best best scenario.

d.     Society 3, because it has the best worst scenario.

24) Rawls's two principles of justice are: 

1. Each person is to have an equal right to the most extensive total system of equal basic liberties compatible with a similar system of liberty for all.

2. Social and economic inequalities are to satisfy two conditions: First, they are to be attached to positions and offices open to all under conditions of fair equality of opportunity; and second, they are to be to the greatest expected benefit of the least-advantaged members of society

Which principle takes priority over the other? 

a.     1

b.     The first condition of 2

c.     The second condition of 2

d.     Trick question, they are equally important

25) Rawls's first principle is: 

1. Each person is to have an equal right to the most extensive total system of equal basic liberties compatible with a similar system of liberty for all.

Which of the following is not guaranteed by the first principle? 

a.     Freedom of religion

b.     Equal political liberty

c.     All types property rights

d.     Freedom of the person

26) Rawls's second principle states: 

2. Social and economic inequalities are to satisfy two conditions: First, they are to be attached to positions and offices open to all under conditions of fair equality of opportunity; and second, they are to be to the greatest expected benefit of the least-advantaged members of society. 

True or false: The first condition entails that everyone needs to have a perfectly equal chance at becoming a professional athlete.

a.     True

b.     False

27) Rawls's second principle states: 

2. Social and economic inequalities are to satisfy two conditions: First, they are to be attached to positions and offices open to all under conditions of fair equality of opportunity; and second, they are to be to the greatest expected benefit of the least-advantaged members of society. 

True or false: The second condition means that we need to strive for perfect equality. 

a.     True

b.     False

Answer & Explanation
Verified Solved by verified expert
Rated Helpful
<p>m ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae o</p> Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet

Unlock full access to Course Hero

Explore over 16 million step-by-step answers from our library

Subscribe to view answer

or nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laore

ac, dictum vitae odio. D

cilisis. Pellent

fficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet


molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus,

ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lore


llentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna.

ur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie conse


cing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie c

ce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulv

m ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. P

facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam ris

ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing


or nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante,

ac, dictum vitae odio. D


llentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, c

ac, dictum vitae odio. D


trices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet

a. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec ali

ongue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor ne

ongue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lore

a. Fusce dui lectus, congue v


fficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fus

ce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor ne


ur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie

a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dic


usce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoree

ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing

consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentes


ec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibusgue

icitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet


ng elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus e

, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consec


ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem

entesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui


Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar to

ac, dictum vitae odio. D


ec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pelle

ac, dictum vitae odio. D


llentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentesque dap

ur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices a

icitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ip


ec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus e

ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit


itur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce d

trices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue ve


llentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, d

ac, dictum vitae odio. D


sus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentes

ac, dictum vitae odio. D


ce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum

ur laoreet. Nam risus ante, da

sus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lect

dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetu

icitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fus

ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae o


Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum

or nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel l

ctum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vi

a. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dic

a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce


lestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. F

sus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor s

icitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultric

dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum d


facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitu

ec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis

sus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliqu

ac, dictum vitae odio. D


ipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor

ec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis

s ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel la

usce dui lectus, congue vel

Step-by-step explanation

ur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue ve

ec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit ame
Student reviews
50% (2 ratings)

"Thanks so much!!"