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Question 1Drawing from the etymology of the word, philosophy can be defined as the _____________ of________________

  1. Pursuit of Data
  2. Love of Wisdom
  3. Acquiring of Wealth
  4. Strengthening of Intelligence

0.41666 points  

Question 2

  1. Philosophy ought to use as its proper and certain starting points:
  2. The opinions most popular in the day
  3. The opinions most popular among philosophers of the preceding generation
  4. Logical first principles and common sense observation
  5. One's own preconceived ideological stance on matters

0.41666 points  

Question 3

  1. In terms of inspiration, however, it is also said that Philosophy "begins in ____________"
  2. The desire to win in debates
  3. Boredom
  4. The need to complete a degree program
  5. Wonder

0.41666 points  

Question 4

  1. Philosophy, undertaken well, is primarily a...
  2. Way of Life
  3. Career
  4. Certain amount of facts to be memorized
  5. Way of proving everything with logical first principles alone (without ever needing common sense)

0.41666 points  

Question 5

  1. Why Philosophy? Why not just empirical science?
  2. Empirical science, although extremely important, is not directed towards answering questions that pertain to final causes (that is, it cannot address all 4 Causes)
  3. Empirical science is too expensive
  4. Philosophy is much easier than empirical science
  5. In philosophy (unlike empirical science, which has genuinely right or wrong answers and is directed to truth), one may identify whatever he or she likes as the correct answers to questions

0.41666 points  

Question 6

  1. PreSocratics: Match each Presocratic with his corresponding thought on what was the fundamental stuff of the universe (that is, the "Arche" or "Urstoff") by writing the proper letter next to the correct Presocratic

Thales

Anaximander

Anaximenes

Heraclitus

Pythagoras

Parmenides

Empedocles

Anaxagoras

  1. Democritus
  2. A.Divine Mind/Nuos
  3. B.Oneness/Samenes
  4. C.Air
  5. D.The Four Elements (and Love/Strife)
  6. E.Water
  7. F.Number
  8. G.Fire/Flux/Change
  9. H.Apeiron
  10. I.Atoms

3.75 points  

Question 7

  1. What exactly is Protagoras' most famous saying (in which he essentially espoused Relativism)?
  2. "People's opinions should be respected."
  3. "All velocity, including the speed of light, is relative"
  4. "Man is the measure of all things"
  5. "Man must acquire knowledge of objective truth"

0.41666 points  

Question 8

  1. Which of the following is one of the ways this relativism of Protagoras was addressed in class?
  2. Some scientists question Einstein's Theory of Relativity
  3. To assert there is no truth is itself an attempt at an assertion of a truth and is therefore intrinsically contradictory
  4. The Speed of Light is never relative to another moving object, therefore relativity cannot be correct

0.41666 points  

Question 9

  1. What is the first of the Three Denials of Gorgias, and which branch of philosophy does it relate to?
  2. Nothing Exists, which relates to Metaphysics
  3. We are all living in a cave, which relates to The Forms
  4. Nothing is as it seems, which relates to Logic

0.41666 points  

Question 10

  1. Socrates says that rhetoric is:
  2. A Craft
  3. A Knack
  4. The greatest human pursuit

0.41666 points  

Question 11

  1. Socrates shows that tyrants do not have real power by saying:
  2. They do not rule themselves, and are rather slaves to their own passions
  3. They will eventually be impeached
  4. The only true power consists in being liked by the masses, and tyrants are disliked

0.41666 points  

Question 12

  1. Which of the following is NOT a method that Socrates uses in Gorgias for demonstrating why pleasure cannot be equal to the good and pain cannot be equal to the bad:
  2. Eating involves both pleasure and pain; since it's pleasure requires hunger. Since both its pleasure and pain cease at the same time for the same reason, these cannot be merely equal to the good and the bad, since those are contraries and cannot be directly causally tied.
  3. The good sometimes involves inflicting of pain, such as when just punishment is given to a criminal. But the good can never be the direct intended effect of the bad, since these are contraries. Hence, pain cannot be merely identical to the bad.
  4. The good is a subjective matter of opinion and therefore cannot be defined objectively as one thing or another

0.41666 points  

Question 13

  1. One of Callicles' two primary doctrines in Gorgias is that the soul dies at death
  2.  True
  3.  False

0.41666 points  

Question 14

  1. One of Socrates' two primary doctrines in Gorgias is that it is better to suffer injustice than to commit injustice.
  2.  True
  3.  False

0.41666 points  

Question 15

  1. Socrates was charged with corrupting the youth
  2.  True
  3.  False

0.41666 points  

Question 16

  1. What caused Socrates to embark upon his mission of philosophizing?
  2. Ambitious career goals
  3. Following in his father's footsteps
  4. A Divine Mission from the Oracle at Delphi
  5. His desire to complete the Presocratics' work of discovering the physical substance of the universe

0.41666 points  

Question 17

  1. Why didn't Socrates propose a smaller punishment, such as exile, and promise to stop philosophizing, in order to avoid death?
  2. Because he was too afraid of dealing with punishment while alive
  3. He couldn't have proposed a smaller punishment
  4. He rejected the very notion that the government had the right to impose punishments upon citizens
  5. Because to do so would be a lie/an injustice/an impiety

0.41666 points  

Question 18

  1. Socrates did not only proceed by the use of reason/logic; but he also sought guidance from sources beyond this approach. What is one type of this "extra logical" direction that we discussed in class that is, nevertheless, not illogical?
  2. Insanity
  3. Heart/Intuition/Conscience
  4. Mathematics
  5. Fortune Cookies

0.41666 points  

Question 19

  1. In class discussion, Justice was defined as (essentially and most broadly):
  2. Rendering what is due
  3. Avenging injury
  4. Only the concern of the State
  5. An unrealistic norm of life

0.41666 points  

Question 20

  1. Which of the following is closest to what was considered to be the primary purpose of law in ancient thought?
  2. To minimize the suffering of Citizens
  3. To preserve order and safety
  4. To make men good
  5. To contribute to the success of the nation

0.41666 points  

Question 21

  1. Which of the following modern philosophical concepts did we discuss that helps show why one mustn't break the law even if he can get away with it?
  2. Utilitarianism
  3. The Categorical Imperative
  4. Social Darwinism

0.41666 points  

Question 22

  1. Even the U.S. Constitution itself shows that it was not intended to be considered absolutely supreme/final.
  2.  True
  3.  False

0.41666 points  

Question 23

  1. According to our class discussion, what is true Mercy?
  2. A virtue influencing one's will to have compassion for and alleviate another's suffering (a perfection of justice)
  3. Ignoring the bad things people do
  4. Being nice, no matter what
  5. Refusing to believe in the existence of evil

0.41666 points  

Question 24

  1.  
  2. Choose the correct term for the "Perfection of Justice" blank on the following diagram:
  3. Punishment
  4. Mercy
  5. Laxity
  6. Severity

0.41666 points  

Question 25

  1.  
  2. Choose the correct term for the "Defect of justice" blank on the following diagram:
  3. Punishment
  4. Mercy
  5. Laxity
  6. Severity

Answer & Explanation
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