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d 2 : - Week 1 - Quiz Time Remaining: Question 1. 1. Which of the...

d 2 : - Week 1 - Quiz


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Question 1.1. Which of the following is not one of the reasons given by the authors that language is important?
(Points : 1)
       It can improve our sensory abilities like taste.
       It is the best means for expressing our thoughts and clarifying ideas.
       It can make a difference in our lives if we use it in its optimal form.
       It helps to prove our intellectual superiority.

Question 2.2. Logical arguments __________. (Points : 1)
       always involve an exchange
       are a means for venting emotion
       involve quarreling
       attempt to use good reasoning to discover truths

Question 3.3. Premises and conclusions have which of the following in common? (Points : 1)
       They are components of arguments.
       They are both often expressed as questions.
       They are explanations.
       They both must always be true.

Question 4.4. Which of the following is not a typical misconception about logic? (Points : 1)
       It does not need to be learned.
       It is the systematic study and evaluation of arguments.
       It is something that only nonhuman animals are capable of.
       It is too hard.

Question 5.5. What is a claim? (Points : 1)
       A legitimate question about the world
       The point of contention in a debate
       An assertion that something is the case
       Some kind of exclamation

Question 6.6. Which of the following is likely to indicate a premise? (Points : 1)
       Because
       It follows that
       So
       Thus

Question 7.7. According to the authors, judgments of faith __________. (Points : 1)
       have no place in logical reasoning
       should be warranted
       should have no reasons supporting them
       always result in religious conflict

Question 8.8. It is important to remember this about logic. (Points : 1)
       It is easy to get started and maintain one's focus when learning logic.
       It is impossible to understand logic if one is not young.
       Learning the rules of logic takes time and effort.
       Logic is not important for those who do not need it.

Question 9.9. Claims have the following attribute. (Points : 1)
       They do not claim that something is the case.
       They often make commands.
       They can be true or false.
       They are not necessary to form arguments.

Question 10.10. What is a deductive conclusion that could be drawn from the following premises? 
 
All dogs are warm-blooded. All warm-blooded creatures are mammals. (Points : 1)
       All dogs are mammals.
       All mammals are dogs.
       Dogs generate their own body heat.
       No dogs are warm-blooded creatures.

Question 11.11. Which of the following is a conclusion marker? (Points : 1)
       Since
       Because
       Therefore
       Never

Question 12.12. According to Chapter 1, enhancing one's linguistic capabilities __________. (Points : 1)
       does not influence the way one perceives the world
       is not as important as the clarity of language that one uses
       is related to logic only secondarily
       can improve our experiences

Question 13.13. An argument in logic is _________. (Points : 1)
       a set of claims, some of which serve as support for another claim
       a debate between two people
       the conclusion of one's reasoning
       a dispute with no resolution

Question 14.14. The authors of this text claim that logic is __________. (Points : 1)
       a human invention
       something that only exists in certain parts of the world
       something that began in England
       a human attribute that can be learned

Question 15.15. This is one way to determine if one is encountering an explanation versus an argument. (Points : 1)
       In explanations, the conclusion is less controversial than the premises.
       In arguments, the premises is more controversial than the conclusion.
       In explanations, the conclusion is more controversial than the premises.
       In explanations, the conclusion does not matter.

Question 16.16. Reasons given to support a conclusion are called __________. (Points : 1)
       pretenses
       prehensile
       premises
       commands

Question 17.17. The word "because" is __________. (Points : 1)
       a conjunction
       a bad word to use if you want to make your argument clear
       an premise indicator
       not a good word to start a sentence

Question 18.18. To put an argument into standard form, one should identify __________. (Points : 1)
       who benefits from winning
       the premises and the conclusion
       whether the conclusion is true
       whether it is interesting

Question 19.19. When people are engaged in analytical thinking, they are __________. (Points : 1)
       breaking down component parts of larger things or ideas
       using their imagination to paint a landscape
       writing their boss to ask for time off of work
       reporting something that they have seen to others

Question 20.20. Which of the following has been discovered about emotions and reason? (Points : 1)

       They are not found in humans.
       Reason and logical thinking take place more naturally in humans than emotional responses.
       Emotional responses have a more direct pathway to the brain than reflective thinking.
       It is important to protect yourself if you fear you are being attacked.

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