Unit 2 Test Question Pool - Study Questions Directions: Choose the BEST answer from among the four answer options. Chapter 4 1. According to the...
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Unit 2 Test Question Pool – Study Questions Directions: Choose the BEST answer from among the four answer options. Chapter 4 1. According to the cosmology of atomism (HINT: see pages 47-48, and 51 of chapter 4!) A) nothing is created out of nothing, nor can something be reduced to nothing. B) compounds of atoms are eternal because the atoms that comprise them are eternal. C) some things are created out of nothing, and some things can be reduced to nothing. D) nothing is created out of nothing, and everything can be reduced to nothing. 2. Death, according to Epicurus, (HINT: see pages 48 and 52 of chapter 4!) A) is either a dreamless sleep or a journey to another world. B) is deprivation of sensation. C) is a journey to another world D) remains a mystery to us. 3. If the fundamental claims of atomism are true, then A) the cosmos is devoid of spiritual or incorporeal beings. B) the only truly divine things are the eternal, indestructible atoms. C) there is no afterlife. D) All of the above. 4. If “the impious man is not he who denies the gods of the many, but he who attaches to the gods the beliefs of the many,” then (HINT: see pages 48-49, 53-54!) A) believers in personal immortality and divine providence are impious. B) believers in atomism are impious, and believers in personal immortality are pious. C) believers in atomism are pious. D) Both A and C 5. According to Epicurus, the human soul A) is made up of atoms B) cannot survive the death of the body C) is the organ of sensation D) All of the above. 6. According to Epicurus, (HINT: see pages 54-55 of chapter 4!) A) One ought to pursue wealth, as it can afford us a greater number of short, but intense bodily pleasures
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B) Not all pleasures are to be chosen C) The happy life requires that one pursue only the vain desires D) No one knows whether death may not be the greatest of evils 7. Which of the following BEST describes the logical connection(s) between atomism and hedonism in Epicurus’ thought? Read each answer option very carefully! A) Atomism denies the existence of incorporeal beings, such as immortal souls. If the human soul—the organ of perception and thought—is made up of atoms which disperse back into nature at life’s end, then death would be nothing more than a dreamless, eternal sleep and not a journey into another, potentially wretched, world. The Epicurean, knowing this, thereby achieves a reassuring calmness of mind, a tranquility of soul. B) According to atomism, the universe is made up exclusively of atoms and void, and there are immortal gods which are highly complex compounds of atoms. These gods direct the course of human events, and reward individuals who avoid overindulgence in sensual pleasures, and punish with infirmity and disease those who do not. C) According to atomism, the universe is made up exclusively of atoms and void, having been created this way by the gods. In order to live a good and happy life, the human being must practice moderation and self-restraint with regard to the bodily pleasures, and concentrate all of his energies on “knowing the truth about god.” Only when he understands that mankind was designed to live according to the universal moral law established by his Maker can he enjoy the tranquility of soul which constitutes the very highest kind of pleasure. D) According to atomism, the universe is made up atoms as well as spiritual beings, and the human being is a combination of body and spiritual soul. The very BEST life will be one dedicated exclusively to caring for our immortal soul so as to be rewarded in the afterlife by the gods. 8. A man brutally murders an innocent victim. According to Epicurus, in what way would this act rightly be considered “evil”? (HINT: see pages 55-56 of chapter 4!) A) Such an act is a direct violation of the divine commandment: “Thou shalt not kill.” B) Such an act is a direct violation of the victim’s unalienable right to life. C) The criminal is doing irreparable harm to his own soul. D) Such an act is evil insofar as it engenders a fear in the mind of the criminal of eventually being caught and punished severely by the civil authorities. 9. Which of the following arguments against vulgar hedonism does Epicurus NOT make? (HINT: see pages 54-55 of chapter 4!) A) Even though every pain is an evil, not all pains are to be avoided. B) Vulgar hedonism undermines traditional morality. C) The pains consequent upon over-indulgence either cancel the pleasures or leave a balance of pain. D) The vulgar hedonist fails to discriminate properly among the various desires and the different pleasures that come from their satisfaction.
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Unit 2 Test Question Pool – Study Questions
Directions: Choose the BEST answer from among the four answer options.
Chapter 4
1. According to the cosmology of atomism (HINT: see pages 47-48, and...

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