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Your mom came over to babysit your 3 years old child. They did puzzles together. To predict the success of the

puzzle doing session, which of the following concepts would a Vygotskian theorist ask?

1.     How has the child handles social crises so far? Is the child in the Initiation vs. Fear and guilt stage?

2.     What stage of cognitive development is the child in? Does the child have object permanence and memory skills necessary?

3.     Is the puzzle in the zone of Proximal development? How many pieces does it have?

4.     How well does the child see? Does the child have good vision, color knowledge, and depth perception?


Which of the following statements about numbers is true?

1.     The 4Ds of evaluating potentially abnormal behavior include using dictionary definition and applying your personal discernment.

2.     -.78 is a stronger correlation than +.68

3.     Freud theory has 8 stages

4.     Piaget delineated 3 specific biological theories, but this could be rearranged.


To overcome the limitations of both___and___studies, developmental researchers could choose to use a____design, which incorporates the best of both.

1.     Controlled; not controlled; double-blind

2.     Longitudinal; ethnographic; cross-cultural

3.     Cross-sectional; cross-cultural; correlation

4.     Cross-sectional; longitudinal; sequential-cohort


A researcher wants to study how exposure to toxic chemicals affects the developing human fetus. Which type of research would be suited in terms of research strength and ethics?

1.     1 case study

2.     1 naturalistic observation

3.     1 quasi-experiment

4.     1 laboratory experiment


Charlie was born a rare chromosomal error that causes intellectual disabilities. Which method would be best for examining how this condition affects his unique development?

1.     Brief teacher ratings

2.     A survey

3.     A case study

4.     Testing at school entrance


Which of the following is not a goal of developmental theories?

1.     To explain age-related changes

2.     To control age-related changes

3.     To predict age-related changes

4.     To describe age-related changes


Freud's psycho-analytic theory and Skinner's behaviorism are oddly similar in 1 way. They both:

1.     Claim that knowledge is limited

2.     Are complex system theories

3.     See the person as a passive recipient of developmental influences.

4.     Say that we are very active in shaping our experiences.


You are searching for clear support of an evolutionary theory. Which kind of evidence would be of least value or interest to you?

1.     An accurate understanding of the fossil record.

2.     Philosophical arguments for intelligent design approaches, like creationism.

3.     A comparison of the structures and functions of various animals.

4.     Data showing animals and plants "traveled" over time, from 1 place to another.

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