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Amendment I Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or

Amendment I Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

What is the significance of Engel v. Vitale (1962)?

And, today what is the significance of Lee v. Weisman (1992), and Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe (2000). 

What is the court's take on separation of church and state in Lynch v. Donnelly (1984) and then in County of Allegheny v. American Civil Liberties Union (1989)?


Amendment II Right to Bear Arms

A well-regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

Modern debates about the Second Amendment have focused on whether it protects a private right of individuals to keep and bear arms.

What is the significance in the cases District of Columbia v. Heller (2008), and McDonald v. City of Chicago (2010)?


Amendment V Grand Jury, Double Jeopardy, Self Incrimination, Due Process

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

What is the significance of Miranda v. Arizona (1966)?


Amendment VI Right to Speedy Trial by Jury, Witnesses, Counsel

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense.

What is the significance of Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)?

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