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5. (04.02 MC) Which of the following is a key belief of a...

5.

  (04.02 MC)

Which of the following is a key belief of a supply-side approach to economic and fiscal policy? (4 points)

The federal government is responsible for raising taxes on businesses to stimulate growth in the economy.

The federal government must impose strict regulations on demand in order to promote economic growth.

The federal government must lower taxes on businesses as a means of stimulating business activity and investments to promote growth in the economy.

The federal government must regulate interstate commerce and foreign trade agreements in order to stimulate business growth and improve the economy as a result.


7.

  (04.03 MC)

Public opinion polls drawn from large samples using random-digit dialing methods tend to be which of the following? (4 points)

Reliably skewed towards liberal ideology when compared to average whole-population positions

Reliably skewed towards conservative ideology when compared to average whole-population positions

More accurate predictors of average whole-population positions than most polls with other sampling methods

Less accurate predictors of average whole-population positions than most polls with other sampling methods


10.

  (04.04 MC)

How have political communications changed with the increase in partisan media outlets? (4 points)

Politicians are limiting their messaging to broadcasts on nonpartisan outlets.

Politicians are increasing their tolerance for managing unflattering news stories and reporters.

Politicians are rejecting hostile reporting and allying with partisan outlets that favor their parties.

Politicians are encouraging their constituents to get the news from unbiased sources that represent all sides.



11.

  (04.05 MC)

While not formally one of the national political institutions, political parties today are nonetheless major players in both national and state politics. They have long provided what may be considered quasi-governmental services, including candidate recruitment, the operation of political campaigns, and the supervision of the voting process. As with the federal bureaucracy, political parties are important extra-constitutional political institutions that have been essentially grafted onto our separation of powers system. The ambiguity surrounding the proper institutional role that parties should conceptually play in American politics has posed vexing problems for the courts in balancing party independence with government supervision. In order to ascertain the role that political parties should play within our political system, it is useful to see them as informal parts of the larger system of separation of powers. If parties are seen as part of this larger system, then it follows that they are entitled to a certain amount of judicial protection to ensure their integrity and independence.

—Robert C. Wington, "American Political Parties Under the First Amendment," 1999

Which function of political parties is addressed in the excerpt? (4 points)

They check government power.

They are formal institutions of the federal bureaucracy.

They make long-term plans to ensure party dominance.

They organize the legislative branch through congressional leadership positions.


12.

  (04.05 MC)

Members of a third political party hope to influence as many voters as possible to turn out on the upcoming election day to vote for their candidates. Statewide election issues they hope to encourage their party members to support include reducing gun regulations. Supporting national candidates who favor fewer business regulations and lower taxes are also reasons the local party is encouraging its members to vote on Election Day.

Which method would be most effective in accomplishing this goal in the time leading up to the election? (4 points)

Holding a local rally for party candidates to share political messages

Microtargeting like-minded voters via electronic campaign robocalls

Door-to-door distribution of candidates' flyers advertising local endorsements

Encouraging local residents to display lawn signs promoting party candidates

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