Please help me understand these politics questions
23.A newly elected president issues dozens
of executive orders within weeks of entering office.
Which statement explains why presidents might choose to follow this trend?
They are more familiar with executive orders than they are with the legislative process.
They lack other tools for influencing the federal bureaucracy.
They are trying to alter the internal operation of the legislative and judicial branches.
They wish to change how federal bureaucrats implement policies.
The statutes whose constitutionality is involved in this appeal are 53−32 and 54−196 of the General Statutes of Connecticut. ... The former provides:
Any person who uses any drug, medicinal article or instrument for the purpose of preventing conception shall be fined not less than fifty dollars or imprisoned not less than sixty days nor more than one year or be both fined and imprisoned.
This law, however, operates directly on an intimate relation of husband and wife and their physician's role in one aspect of that relation ... [t]he First Amendment has a penumbra where privacy is protected from governmental intrusion. ...
The present case, then, concerns a relationship lying within the zone of privacy created by several fundamental constitutional guarantees. And it concerns a law which, in forbidding the use of contraceptives, rather than regulating their manufacture or sale, seeks to achieve its goals by means having a maximum destructive impact upon that relationship. Such a law cannot stand in light of the familiar principle, so often applied by this Court, that a governmental purpose to control or prevent activities constitutionally subject to state regulation may not be achieved by means which sweep unnecessarily broadly and thereby invade the area of protected freedoms.
—From Supreme Court opinion in Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)
Which statement explains how the ruling in Griswold v. Connecticut might lead to additional checks on government institutions?
It creates guidelines for future legislation on privacy rights.
It facilitates the ability of Congress to pass a law limiting state privacy legislation.
It enables judges practicing judicial restraint to restrict privacy rights.
It allows the executive branch to advise Congress on privacy legislation.
A couple of decades ago, the Supreme Court upheld a court of appeals decision that declared two U.S. Border Patrol agents criminally responsible for shooting a drug smuggler to death. Congress and the president, however, believed that the criminal charges against the agents were unjust and that their conviction would be detrimental to the morale of federal law enforcement agencies.
Which of the following actions might the executive and legislative branches have taken to address the situation?
Congress could have declared a mistrial and the president could have pardoned them.
The Court's decisions are final, and neither Congress nor the president can defy them.
Congress could have passed a bill to change the Court's jurisdiction, and the president could have signed the bill into law.
Congress could have recommended a pardon for the agents, and the president could have officially pardoned them.
Which of the following is true about federal agencies' use of delegated discretionary authority? (4 points)
They enforce new regulations in response to congressional votes to enact new laws.
They can pass regulations that will increase their budgets as separate entities from Congress.
They have the authority to bypass laws enacted through Congress by passing regulations to reporting groups.
They have the authority to enact regulations independent of congressional approval or political partisan agendas.
An individual from the Environmental Protection Agency testifies before a House committee about the effectiveness of new regulations that have been passed.
Which of the following congressional powers would be used to hold this agency accountable? (4 points)
The power to impeach federal officials
The power to establish a court
The power to create new legislation
The power to provide oversight
Which of the following statements describes pluralism? (4 points)
Interest groups compete to win elections so that they can pass legislation designed to benefit themselves.
Interest groups compete for influence in government in order to maintain compromise and balance in a democracy.
Interest groups compete to represent the whole electorate in order to influence government, eliminating the need for compromise.
Interest groups compete for support from the most elite citizens, as they are better able to represent the interests of the people in government.
Which of these correctly compares the objections that libertarians and liberals are likely to have about a conservative government's economic policies?
Election pollsters sample only a minuscule portion of the electorate, not uncommonly something on the order of a couple of thousand people out of the more than two hundred million Americans who are eligible to vote. The promise of this work is that the sample is exquisitely representative. But the lower the response rate the harder and more expensive it becomes to realize that promise, which requires ... calling many more people. ... Pollster.com's Mark Blumenthal has recalled how, in the nineteen-eighties, when the response rate at the firm where he was working had fallen to about sixty percent, people in his office said, "What will happen when it's only twenty? We won't be able to be in business!" A typical response rate is now in the single digits.
—From Stefaan Verhulst in GovLab Digest, 2015
Which of the following errors in polling is this passage describing? (4 points)
The questions in the poll were not open-ended.
The sampling was not done randomly.
The wording of the poll questions was leading.
The number of people polled was not representative due to non-response bias.
Which of the following statements best explains why the Electoral College has a negative impact on democratic participation? (4 points)
It minimizes the effect of individual votes at the national level.
It limits the number of parties eligible to run in the presidential election.
It forces candidates to win a supermajority of state contests.
It limits voters to collective choices for president and vice president.
23.They lack other tools for influencing the federal bureaucracy 24.It creates guidelines for future... View the full answer