Answer MCQ below: 31. All of the following are usually included in a work package EXCEPT A. Work to be done. B. The time needed to complete the work....
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Answer MCQ below:31. All of the following are usually included in a work package EXCEPTA. Work to be done.

B. The time needed to complete the work.

C. A single person who is responsible for its completion.

D. All the costs for the work package.

E. All of these are included in a work package.


32. There are 5 steps involved when defining a project; which of the following is the last?

A. Code the WBS for tracking

B. Assign the cost account to a manager

C. Assign the work package to a manager

D. Develop the responsibility matrix

E. All of these are included in the final step.


33. Which of the following describes the consensus method?

A. Should be used only for projects that require the same task, group of tasks, or product to be repeated several times

B. Uses several people with relevant experience regarding the task at hand to make time and cost estimates

C. Uses pooled experience of senior and/or middle managers to estimate the total project duration and cost

D. Uses the number of square feet to estimate the total cost and time of the project

E. Uses weighted macro variables or major parameters such as the number of inputs or outputs to estimate the total cost and time of the project


34. When work packages are integrated with organizational units, a control point is created called a

A. Responsibility matrix.

B. Priority matrix.

C. Work package.

D. Cost account.

E. Project overlap.


35. The WBS is best suited for projects that have a tangible outcome. Which of the following is used when the final outcome of the project is less tangible or is a product of a series of steps or phases?

A. Responsibility matrix

B. Organization breakdown structure

C. A work breakdown structure is still effective for these types of projects.

D. Priority matrix

E. Process breakdown structure


36. The tendency for the project deliverables to expand over time-usually by changing requirements, specifications, and priorities-is called

A. Scope erosion.

B. Scope creep.

C. Project bloat.

D. Scope enhancement.

E. Project add-ons.


37. Which of the following is a good example of a Process Breakdown Structure?

A. New car prototype

B. New software program

C. New instruction manual

D. New sports stadium

E. New project management book


38. A communication plan is a key component for giving guidelines on how to track project

A. Issues.

B. Costs.

C. Defects.

D. Both costs and defects.


39. A Responsibility Matrix will clarify

A. Tasks.

B. Supports.

C. Responsibilities.

D. Both supports and responsibilities.


40. A Process Breakdown Structure can provide a reasonable alternative to a Work Breakdown structure for an extensive development project if

A. Phase exit criteria is firmly established.

B. There are appropriate predecessor relationships in place.

C. Deliverables are tightly aligned to milestones.

D. Risk planning is included early in the project.


41. A good starting point for developing time and cost estimates is

A. Past experience.

B. Work packages.

C. Task analysis.

D. Time and motion studies.

E. Work breakdown structure.


42. Which of the following is NOT one of the factors that need to be considered to improve quality of estimates for project times and costs?

A. Planning horizon

B. People

C. Padding estimates

D. Profit

E. Project structure


43. Which of the following is a good condition for bottom-up estimating?

A. When the project involves strategic decision making

B. When the project is internal and small

C. When there is a fixed price contract

D. When there is high uncertainty involved in the project

E. When there is an unstable scope


44. Which of the following does NOT help describe a bottom-up estimating approach?

A. They are made by someone who uses experience and/or information from someone else to determine overall project cost and duration.

B. They establish low-cost, efficient methods for completing activities.

C. They typically comes from the people actually doing the work and who are most knowledgeable about the task at hand.

D. Estimates are made at the work package level and then "rolled up" to determine estimates for major deliverables and for the project itself.

E. They can take place after the project has been planned in detail.


45. Sean is forecasting the time and cost of developing a customized software program by looking at the number of inputs, outputs, inquiries, files, and interfaces. Which of the following methods is he using?

A. Ratio

B. Template

C. Apportion

D. Function point

E. Learning curve


46. Laura is forecasting the time and cost of developing an intranet for a new customer. Her department has completed six such intranets for customers during the last two years. Although the proposed system is about the same size as the others, she estimates that it will take about 10 percent less time and money. Which of the following methods is she using?

A. Ratio

B. Template

C. Apportion

D. Function point

E. Learning curve


47. Learning curves are more likely to be applied in situations where most of the costs are

A. Materials.

B. Labor.

C. Overhead.

D. Evenly spread over materials, labor, and overhead.

E. Labor and materials.


48. Which of the following is NOT one of the bottom-up approaches to estimating project time and cost?

A. Parametric procedures applied to specific tasks

B. Estimates for the WBS work packages

C. Learning curve

D. Template method

E. Range estimates


49. Which of the following would be the best method for projects where the final product is not known and the uncertainty is very large?

A. Function point

B. Template

C. Learning curve

D. Phase estimating

E. Apportion


50. Which of the following is NOT true in regard to the level of detail estimates should contain?

A. It will vary with the complexity of the project.

B. Detailed estimates are crucial to project success; therefore, an effort should be made to make estimates as detailed as possible for all projects.

C. The more detailed the estimate is the more the estimate will cost to create.

D. Inadequate detail might lead to estimates that fall short of their intended purpose.

E. Excessive detail means unproductive paperwork and unnecessary expenditures.


51. The salary of the project manager would be an example of what type of cost found in a project?

A. Labor

B. Direct

C. Direct project overhead

D. General and administrative overhead

E. Salary


52. Accounting would be an example of which of the following costs typically found in a project?

A. Labor

B. Direct

C. Direct project overhead

D. General and administrative overhead

E. Salary


53. Which of the following is NOT one of the recommended guidelines for developing useful work package estimates?

A. Estimates should be made by those responsible for the work.

B. Use several people to estimate the same work.

C. Estimates should be based on normal conditions.

D. Estimates should include a normal level of contingency.

E. Estimates should be independent of other projects.


54. Refining estimates may be necessary for a number of reasons. For example, resource shortages, in the form of people, equipment, or materials, can extend original estimates. This is a good example of

A. Hidden interaction costs.

B. Things going wrong on a project.

C. Normal conditions not applying.

D. Changes in project scope.

E. The customer not being clear about their expectations.


55. Refining estimates may be necessary for a number of reasons. For example, people working on prototype development needing time to interact with the design engineers after the design is completed is a good example of

A. Hidden interaction costs.

B. Things going wrong on a project.

C. Normal conditions not applying.

D. Changes in project scope.

E. The customer not being clear about their expectations.


56. When translated into a project network, a work package will become

A. A single activity.

B. One or more activities.

C. A milestone.

D. A critical path.

E. An arrow.


57. Which of the following is provided by both the project network and the work breakdown structure?

A. Dependencies

B. Sequencing

C. Interrelationships

D. Activity duration

E. Timing


58. Which of the following can be used without coordinating with managers of succeeding activities?

A. Total slack

B. Free slack

C. Critical float

D. Float pad

E. Slip pad


59. The forward pass in project network calculations determines all of the following EXCEPT

A. Earliest time an activity can begin.

B. Earliest time an activity can finish.

C. Duration of the project.

D. The critical path.

E. How soon the project can finish.


60. Which of the following correctly calculates... Which of the following correctly calculates the early finish for an activity?

A. LS + DUR

B. ES + DUR

C. LF + DUR

D. ES + SL

E. LF + SL

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