Sean is forecasting the time and cost of developing a customized software program by looking at the number of inputs, outputs, inquiries, files, and
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Sean is forecasting the time and cost of developing a customized software

program by looking at the number of inputs, outputs, inquiries, files, and interfaces. Which of the following methods is he using?
A. Ratio
B. Template
C. Apportion
D. Function point
E. Learning curve




Laura is forecasting the time and cost of developing an intranet for a new customer. Her department has completed six such intranets for customers during the last two years. Although the proposed system is about the same size as the others, she estimates that it will take about 10 percent less time and money. Which of the following methods is she using?
A. Ratio
B. Template
C. Apportion
D. Function point
E. Learning curve




Learning curves are more likely to be applied in situations where most of the costs are
A. Materials.
B. Labor.
C. Overhead.
D. Evenly spread over materials, labor, and overhead.
E. Labor and materials.






Which of the following is NOT one of the bottom-up approaches to estimating project time and cost?
A. Parametric procedures applied to specific tasks
B. Estimates for the WBS work packages
C. Learning curve
D. Template method
E. Range estimates




Which of the following would be the best method for projects where the final product is not known and the uncertainty is very large?
A. Function point
B. Template
C. Learning curve
D. Phase estimating
E. Apportion




Which of the following is NOT true in regard to the level of detail estimates should contain?
A. It will vary with the complexity of the project.
B. Detailed estimates are crucial to project success; therefore, an effort should be made to make estimates as detailed as possible for all projects.
C. The more detailed the estimate is the more the estimate will cost to create.
D. Inadequate detail might lead to estimates that fall short of their intended purpose.
E. Excessive detail means unproductive paperwork and unnecessary expenditures.


The salary of the project manager would be an example of what type of cost found in a project?
A. Labor
B. Direct
C. Direct project overhead
D. General and administrative overhead
E. Salary


Accounting would be an example of which of the following costs typically found in a project?
A. Labor
B. Direct
C. Direct project overhead
D. General and administrative overhead
E. Salary




Which of the following is NOT one of the recommended guidelines for developing useful work package estimates?
A. Estimates should be made by those responsible for the work.
B. Use several people to estimate the same work.
C. Estimates should be based on normal conditions.
D. Estimates should include a normal level of contingency.
E. Estimates should be independent of other projects.






Refining estimates may be necessary for a number of reasons. For example, resource shortages, in the form of people, equipment, or materials, can extend original estimates. This is a good example of
A. Hidden interaction costs.
B. Things going wrong on a project.
C. Normal conditions not applying.
D. Changes in project scope.
E. The customer not being clear about their expectations.




Refining estimates may be necessary for a number of reasons. For example, people working on prototype development needing time to interact with the design engineers after the design is completed is a good example of
A. Hidden interaction costs.
B. Things going wrong on a project.
C. Normal conditions not applying.
D. Changes in project scope.
E. The customer not being clear about their expectations.




When translated into a project network, a work package will become
A. A single activity.
B. One or more activities.
C. A milestone.
D. A critical path.
E. An arrow.




Which of the following is provided by both the project network and the work breakdown structure?
A. Dependencies
B. Sequencing
C. Interrelationships
D. Activity duration
E. Timing




Which of the following can be used without coordinating with managers of succeeding activities?
A. Total slack
B. Free slack
C. Critical float
D. Float pad
E. Slip pad


 The forward pass in project network calculations determines all of the following EXCEPT
A. Earliest time an activity can begin.
B. Earliest time an activity can finish.
C. Duration of the project.
D. The critical path.
E. How soon the project can finish.




Which of the following correctly calculates... Which of the following correctly calculates the early finish for an activity?
A. LS + DUR
B. ES + DUR
C. LF + DUR
D. ES + SL
E. LF + SL

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