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84. Which of the following disorders is sometimes called "split personality"?

84. Which of the following disorders is sometimes called "split personality"?

a. depersonalization disorder

b. dissociative identity disorder

c. dissociative fugue

d. dissociative amnesia


85. Hallucinations, delusions, loosely associated thoughts, and disordered speech are ________________ symptoms of schizophrenia.

a. positive

b. physical

c. adaptive

d. negative


86. Inappropriate affect and lack of attention to personal hygiene are _______________ symptoms of schizophrenia.

a. positive

b. physical

c. adaptive

d. negative


87. Which of these is a symptom of bipolar disorder?

a. extreme mood swings

b. repetitive behaviors such as hand-washing

c. excessive focus on personal appearance

d. lack of moral principles


88. Extreme, inflexible maladaptive traits are characteristic of

a. schizophrenia.

b. major depressive disorder.

c. personality disorders.

d. dissociative identity disorder.


89. Which of these is a risk factor for suicide?

a. being extremely religious

b. having a close family member who committed suicide

c. female gender

d. low intelligence


90. Lucille is the treasurer of the high school football team's parent organization. From time to time, she submits false receipts in order to divert the group's funds to her personal bank account. She justifies this behavior as "getting paid for all of the work it takes to do this job." Lucille may have

a. dissociative identity disorder.

b. antisocial personality disorder.

c. bipolar disorder.

d. a social phobia


91. Schizophrenia is probably caused by

a. only heredity.

b. only experience.

c. combined effects of heredity and experience.

d. an unknown set of factors.


92. A counselor works with prison inmates. She has found that many of them have symptoms of antisocial personality

disorder. In other words, they could be described as

a. avoidant of other people as much possible.

b. submissive, dependent and fearful of rejection from others.

c. selfish and lacking the capacity to feel guilt and remorse.

d. suspicious, angry, and distrustful


93. Which of these is more common among females than males?

a. major depressive disorder

b. suicide

c. bipolar disorder

d. schizophrenia


94. To be classified as "abnormal," a behavior must be

a. maladaptive.

b. defined as "abnormal" in all cultures.

c. learned.

d. easily diagnosed and understood by everyone.


95. Definitions, symptoms, and diagnoses for psychological disorders are found in the

a. DSM-5.

b. American Psychological Association's code of ethics.

c. Physician's Desk Reference.

d. Annual Report of the American Medical Association.


96. Which of these disorders is characterized by feelings of deep despair that interfere with an individual's occupational,

educational, and social functioning?

a. schizophrenia

b. major depressive disorder

c. agoraphobia

d. antisocial personality disorder


97. A _______________ is a mental health professional with a medical degree.

a. psychologist

b. nurse practitioner

c. counselor

d. psychiatrist


98. A cognitive therapist is most likely to do which of the following?

a. ask a client about how her parents treated her in childhood.

b. help a client change negative thoughts about situations that make him anxious.

c. ask a client to view films of other people who are relaxed in anxiety-provoking situations.

d. ask a client about his dreams.


99. A behavioral therapist is most likely to do which of the following?

a. ask a client about how her parents treated her in childhood.

b. help a client change negative thoughts about situations that make him anxious.

c. ask a client to view films of other people who are relaxed in anxiety-provoking situations.

d. ask a client about his dreams.


100. Self-actualization refers to

a. meeting one's need for physical safety.

b. accomplishing goals that raise one's self-esteem.

c. achieving one's full potential.

d. viewing oneself as superior to others.

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