Moreover, babies are aﬀ ected by frequent crying as
well. Babies whose cries do not bring relief seem to become less selfconﬁ dent, feeling that they cannot aﬀect their own lives." (Martorell, Papalia, & Feldman, 2014). This is important because when babies do not cry, that may also be a sign of developmental issues. Consider this idea for a minute...then consider some ways that parents and caregivers help children develop into fully functioning and happy individuals? Does it start in infancy?