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Psychology midterm open ended question. Please answer all parts. Not sure of answers. Thanks

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Screen Shot 2019-10-01 at 9.50.10 PM.png

1A. The “Basic RQuirements for Survival” (1%.
a) In living organisms what are the two MOST basic strategies for promoting survival (2pts)?
b) How does each strategy seek to achieve its aim (Zpts)?
c) Which one has the higher priority in the “long term” and why and which one has the higher priority in the "short term” and why (2pts)?
In order for organisms to replenish the constant metabolic draws on their energy stores and yet not overdo it:
d) what three types of detectors are necessary (1 pt each = 3 pts),
what general kind of purposive behavior is involved (1 pt),
what functions does each serve singly and together(4 pts),
and
e) what two positive feedback actions (1 pt + 1 pt) and one negative (2 pts) one (= 4pts total)
are involved? (It may help for you to draw the flow chart involved and label its parts). i) What role does the “VTA — Nucleus-Accumbens” medial torebrain bundle circuit play (2pts)?

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