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True or False: Research study suggests that intelligence does not have a genetic component; instead, it is heavily based on the person's stimulation in his/her environment.

Select one:

True

False

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Which field of psychology focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders and other problematic patterns of behavior?

Select one:

a. Cognitive psychology

b. Social psychology

c. I/O Psychology

d. Clinical psychology

e. Developmental psychology

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A study in which a researcher focuses on one person or just a few individuals is called:

Select one:

a. Case study

b. Biological study

c. Correlational study

d. Small-sample study

e. None of the above

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True or False: Around 90% of people who commit suicide have a diagnosis of at least one mental disorder.

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True

False

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Raleigh thinks of herself as an average volleyball player. When she was chosen to play for the big game in front of a huge audience, she performed excellently. This phenomenon is called:

Select one:

a. Social influence

b. Group polarization

c. Social loafing

d. Social facilitation

e. None of the above

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True or False: There is just one factor that will produce successful mental health treatment-the use of evidence-based treatment.

Select one:

True

False

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Joe and Marie have been dating for a year and are having a difficult time in their relationship. Joe suggests they seek out help to resolve their issues. What kind of therapy would be the most beneficial?

Select one:

a. Group therapy

b. Individual therapy

c. Couples therapy

d. Family therapy

e. None of the above

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The co-occurrence of two disorders is called:

Select one:

a. Comorbidity

b. Multiple occurrences

c. Multiple disorders

d. Compulsive disorders

e. None of the above

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Carlito isn't listening to his mom and is refusing to turn off the TV. His mom comes into the room and turns off the TV, telling him his privileges are cut off. This is an example of:

Select one:

a. Negative reinforcement

b. Positive punishment

c. Positive reinforcement

d. Negative punishment

e. None of the above

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Brett finds out that he won't have enough money to pay rent this month. He starts feelings stressed out and starts having an anxiety attack. He tells himself to breathe and takes a long shower to take his mind off of his anxiety level. This type of coping style is called:

Select one:

a. Problem-focused coping

b. Emotional relief

c. Emotion-focused coping

d. Temperament focused problem solving

e. None of the above




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At the grocery store we engage in specific behaviors when we're done shopping: we stand in line at the counter and wait for our turn, we pay for our merchandise, and then we leave the store. This schema is known as:

Select one:

a. Role schema

b. Event schema

c. Behavioral schema

d. Repetitive schema

e. None of the above

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People who exhibit two or more separate personalities or identities, which are very distinct from one another suffer from:

Select one:

a. Bipolar disorder

b. Schizophrenia

c. Dissociative identity disorder

d. Multiple behavior disorder

e. None of the above

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Individuals who treat their psychological symptoms with psychotropic medications are receiving which kind of therapy?

Select one:

a. Biocognitive therapy

b. Biological therapy

c. Biomedical therapy

d. Behavioral therapy

e. Psychotropic therapy

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You are a researcher and you want to test whether watching violent television causes children to engage in more violent behavior. You design a study in which children of different ages watch different genres of television shows. You then observe their behavior during "recess" where they get to play with other kids. What is your dependent variable?

Select one:

a. The violent TV show

b. The different types of TV shows

c. The child's behavior during recess

d. The time they spend watching TV

e. None of the above

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Beth babysat her sister when she was a baby. When she was older, she knew she could apply for babysitting positions because she had experience with babies. What is she exhibiting?

Select one:

a. Self-confidence

b. Motivation

c. Self-efficacy

d. Self-esteem

e. None of the above

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What is one of the limitations of group therapy?

Select one:

a. Members in the group might be afraid to speak up

b. Personality clashes

c. Confidentiality concerns

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

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Mark feels that when he is at work he is constantly overwhelmed and has no say about how he can complete his objectives. This will lead to:

Select one:

a. Job burnout

b. Job confusion

c. Chronic stress

d. Work stress

e. None of the above

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Which theory asserts that facial expressions are capable of influencing our emotions?

Select one:

a. Facial feedback hypothesis

b. Emotional feedback hypothesis

c. Body language hypothesis

d. Cultural display rule

e. None of the above

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Which lobe in the brain contains the primary visual cortex which interprets incoming visual information?

Select one:

a. Frontal

b. Peripheral

c. Midbrain

d. Occipital

e. Temporal

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Learning to ride a bike is a type of long-term memory called:

Select one:

a. Emotional conditioning

b. Episodic

c. Semantic

d. Procedural

e. None of the above

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According to Cognitive development, 3 to 5 year olds start to understand other people's emotions and are able to persuade others for their own means. This is known as:

Select one:

a. Egocentrism

b. Perspective taking

c. Theory-of-mind

d. Emotional intelligence

e. None of the above

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Todd is watching his brother stack some blocks really high, in turn, Todd start stacking his own blocks as high as he can. This type of learning is called:

Select one:

a. Associative learning

b. Imitation

c. Observational learning

d. Classical conditioning

e. Operant conditioning

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A therapist cannot disclose any information or communication to any third party unless mandated or permitted by law to do so. This kind of agreement Is called:

Select one:

a. Informed consent

b. Confidentiality

c. Therapist-client agreement

d. Therapy rules

e. None of the above

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Jet lag symptoms include:

Select one:

a. Fatigue

b. Sluggishness

c. Irritability

d. Insomnia

e. All of the above

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True or False: Applied Behavior Analysis uses solely classical conditioning (no reinforcement and punishment) to teach new skills.

Select one:

True

False

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A child wants to get to the top of the table to get access to a cookie and at first he tries to reach up. Then he tries to jump. After that, he moves a box next to the table and stands on it. He still doesn't reach, so he moves the box next to the chair, climbs onto the chair, and grabs onto the cookie. This strategy is called:

Select one:

a. Algorithm

b. Trial and error

c. Heuristic

d. Working backwards

e. Problem solving

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Brett came back from work and had to leave to the store promptly thereafter. He couldn't, however, remember where he had left his keys even though he had just arrived home. This type of memory error is called:

Select one:

a. Persistence

b. Transience

c. Forgetfulness

d. Absentmindedness

e. Misattribution

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The ability to name a color more easily if it appears printed in that color is called:

Select one:

a. Color-vision theory

b. Stroop effect

c. Sensory memory

d. Color differentiation effect

e. None of the above

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Which personality perspective focuses on our personalities being shaped by the reinforcements and consequences in our environment?

Select one:

a. Psychosexual perspective

b. Social-cognitive perspective

c. Cognitive perspective

d. Behavioral perspective

e. None of the above

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True or False: Evolutionary psychology has proposed a theory that we sleep in order to restore resources that are expended during the day.

Select one:

True

False

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True or False: Selye argued that stress can sometimes be a positive, motivating force that can improve the quality of our lives.

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True

False

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The very small space between two neurons (and where communication between neurons occurs) is called:

Select one:

a. Receptors

b. Soma

c. Myelin sheath

d. Synapse

e. None of the above

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Which projective test has the participant look at 8-12 ambiguous pictures and asked to tell a story about each picture in the hopes to gain insight into their social world?

Select one:

a. Rorschach Inkblot Test

b. Rotter Incomplete Sentence Blank

c. Thematic Apperception Test

d. Experiential Test

e. None of the above

Question 34

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Jonas and April just had a child. One morning April wakes up and finds that her child is not moving or breathing. The sudden and unexplained death of her baby is called:

Select one:

a. Narcolepsy

b. SIDS

c. Unexpected infancy death

d. None of the above

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Which theory states that organisms that are better suited for their environment will survive and reproduce whereas those that are not will die off?

Select one:

a. Theory of evolution by natural selection

b. Darwinism theory

c. Genetic variation theory

d. Selection by environment theory

e. None of the above

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Norman was asleep and had a dream about playing baseball. He knew he was dreaming and was able to manipulate the dream slightly so he would hit a home run. This type of dream is called:

Select one:

a. Lucid dream

b. REM sleep

c. Dream manipulation

d. Latent control

e. None of the above

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When individuals do not feel comfortable identifying with the gender associated with their biological sex, they experience something called:

Select one:

a. Gender identity crisis

b. Gender unbalance

c. Gender dysphoria

d. Sexual orientation dysphoria

e. None of the above

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True or False: A very rare genetic disorder where you are born without the ability to feel pain is called congenital insensitivity to pain.

Select one:

True

False

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Matt and Claire go into an interview for the same position and they get asked very different questions depending on how the interview is going. This type of interview is called:

Select one:

a. Structured interview

b. Formal interview

c. Informal interview

d. Unstructured interview

e. None of the above

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Which theory of development states that children who do not receive the proper nurturance and parenting during a stage will become fixated in that stage?

Select one:

a. Psychosocial development

b. Psychosexual development

c. Cognitive development

d. Behavioral development

e. Child development

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When Joe and Anne went out on a date and Anne found out that Joe was a software engineer, she assumed that Joe spent all his time writing code or tinkering with his computer. This bias is called:

Select one:

a. Anchoring bias

b. Hindsight bias

c. Confirmation bias

d. Availability bias

e. None of the above

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True or False: the misinformation effect paradigm holds that after being exposed to incorrect information, an individual may misremember the original event.

Select one:

True

False

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Matt and Jonas always talk while they are in the factory line, which decreases their performance. However, when their boss stands around and supervises, they outperform all their peers. This is called:

Select one:

a. Hawthorne effect

b. Social conformity

c. Asch effect

d. Supervisory effect

e. None of the above

Question 44

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True or False: Research has shown that vaccinations cause Autism.

Select one:

True

False

Question 45

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Which field focuses on studying how workers interact with the tools of work and how to design those tools to optimize workers' productivity, safety, and health?

Select one:

a. Organizational psychology

b. Industrial psychology

c. Human factors psychology

d. Ergonomic psychology

e. None of the above

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A beggar in the street asks Martha for money, she feels bad for him and gives him $5. He is more likely to ask for money in the future. This is an example of:

Select one:

a. Negative reinforcement

b. Positive reinforcement

c. Positive punishment

d. Negative punishment

e. None of the above

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According to Hippocrates, personality traits and human behaviors were based on 4 separate temperaments associated with four fluids, which is NOT one of those fluids?

Select one:

a. Choleric temperament

b. Melancholic temperament

c. Bile temperament

d. Phlegmatic temperament

e. Sanguine temperament

Question 48

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Linda takes 2 hours from the moment she lays down to when she falls asleep. In addition, she continues waking up in the middle of the night and is unable to go back to sleep. This condition is called.

Select one:

a. Parasomnia

b. Insomnia

c. Night terrors

d. Sleep walking

e. Sleep debt

Question 49

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Richard is on a diet and has made a promise not to eat ice cream the entire year. However, during his best friend's party, he eats ice cream. He claims that he is only doing this because it was a very special occasion. He is exhibiting:

Select one:

a. Belief-thought dissonance

b. Rationalization dissonance

c. Belief controversy

d. Cognitive dissonance

e. None of the above

Question 50

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Terry fell down the stairs and broke his arm. He becomes stressed because he isn't able to engage in some of his favorite past times and is not able to work. This stressor is:

Select one:

a. A chronic stressor

b. An acute stressor

c. Life change stressor

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

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