Research Article Critique, Part One
The Cognitive Impact of Chronic Disease on Functional Capacity in Community-Dwelling Adults (Kim, Park, & An, 2019)
Nurs 4325: Nursing Research
1 Which phrase best describes the time element of the research design of this study?
a. cross- sectional design
b. Longitudinal design
c. None of the above
2 Does the study include a treatment or intervention described in the methods section?
a. The Duke Activity Status Index (DASI) could be considered a treatment
b. Ninety community-dwelling persons with chronic condition participated and completed face-to face interviews for neuropyschological tests fro cognitive assessment.
c. After certification by the investigators, the nursing student conducted face to face interviews; administered neuro-psychological tests to evaluate cognitive function, physical functioning, and comorbidity; and collected soicodemographic information.
d. This study was not designed with a treatment or intervention
3 Does the author specially mention that a pilot study was done prior to conducting this study/
4 Which of the choices below best reflects the purpose statement fro the instructor assigned article?
a. Chronically ill person with these conditions may experience poor cognitive function, which may be associated with advanced age, the disease itself, or co morbid conditions.
b. We used a descriptive comparative study design with a sub-sample of chronically ill person who were living in the community but who did not have heart failure
c. To address the limitations of past studies and to fill the current gap in knowledge, this study aimed to evaluate the cognitive function of community-dwelling adults with hypertension or DM.
d. Few community based evaluations of cognitive decline prevalent in the senior population with various chronic conditions and its functional relevance have been conducted.
5 According to Grove and Gray (2019), which of the following statements are important when considering the significance and relevance of a study'd problem and purpose?
a. Does it predict the non-significant findings anticipated in the study?
b. Does it specifically influence nursing education in university settings?
c. Does it identify the future research to be generated by study?
d. Does it promote theory testing or development?
e. Does it identify extraneous variables?
6 When considering the feasibility of a study's problem and purpose, Grove and Gray (2019) suggest that several areas should be evaluated, including: researcher expertise, money commitment, ethical considerations, and availability of subjects, facilities, and equpiment. Which of the following statements does NOT accurately assess the feasibility of this article?
a. Funding source for the study were clearly identified
b. The author's credentials to design and conduct research are described
c. 100% of the eligible subjects contacted participated in the study
d. Evidence of protection of the subjects' right was mention in the article.
7 According to Grove and Gray (2019), which one of the following is NOT a major purpose of the review of literature (ROL):
a. Describing the current knowledge of the practice problem
b. Explaining the reasons behind the selection of the statistics used in the study
c. Identifying gaps in the knowledge base of the practice problem
d. explaining how the current study contributes to the knowledge being built