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In this, it is invited to compare and contrast different treatment approaches to personal problems.

Consider the three scenarios below (Cramer, 2017).

Scenario 1

A mother brings her 11-year-old son (the client) to therapy because the boy is constantly in trouble at school and at home. He refuses to follow rules or cooperate. He is rude to his teachers and parents, and he is hostile and belligerent to his classmates and siblings.

Scenario 2

A man in his mid-30s is seeking help with his problem establishing long-term intimate relationships with a romantic partner. While he has no trouble asking others for a date, his relationships generally falter and flounder before failing without his understanding why.

Scenario 3

A woman in her mid-20s has a career in sales that requires her to travel across the country regularly. Recently, she has developed a phobia of flying that began when she was on a flight from Toronto to Vancouver that went through some extreme turbulence. The airplane rapidly and suddenly made an extreme and terrifying drop in altitude.

Select ONE scenario.

  1. Put yourself into the shoes of four therapists: Dr. Psychoanalysis, Dr. Behaviour, Dr. Cognition, and Dr. Humanist. Describe how each of these doctors (who come from the perspectives assigned to their names!) would approach the treatment of the client in the one scenario that you have selected. Answer the following questions for each Dr./approach:
  • What would the client do in therapy sessions (e.g., talk, listen, create something, activity, etc.)?
  • What would the therapist do in therapy sessions?
  • What are the goals of therapy?
  • What interpretation would the therapist make about the cause or root of the problem?
  • What therapeutic tools would the therapist use?
  • How directive would the therapist be?
  • What characteristics of the therapist are likely to be most important?
  1. Which treatment approach would be best suited to the selected scenario and why?

Cramer, K. M. (2017). Instructor's resource manual for Psychology: From inquiry to understanding (3rd Canadian ed.). Toronto, ON: Pearson.

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