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Central to the process in Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT) is the

exploration of current situations as they affect the clients:

-Behaviors
-Emotions
-Personality
-attachment styleIn contrast with the humanistic and psychoanalytic approaches, cognitive-behavioral theories and therapies:

-have clients actively involved in their treatment
-are difficult to evaluate empirically
-are much more interested in process compared to outcome
-focus primarily on immediate influences on behaviorPunishment:

-paradoxically increases the frequency of a behavior
-can involve the removal of a positive reinforcer
-involves the removal of an aversive stimulus
-all of the aboveHumanistic theories emphasize:

-the influence of environmental factors on behavior choices
-the importance of the whole person
-strengthening the personality
-searching for the reasons behind traumatic circumstancesSelf-efficacy refers to:

-awareness that relapses are common, but not insurmountable
-a client believing that they can make changes in their behavior
-the ability to avoid power struggles
-self-awareness gained through reflective listeningAn individual who is beginning to consider that they have a problem or that they would like to make a change in their life is considered to be in what stage of change?

-Precontemplation
-Determination
-Maintenance
-ContemplativeOperant conditioning is associated with:

-Reinforcement
-Punishment
-Extinction
-all of the aboveInterpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT)

-has not yet been used with more diverse populations
-has shown some promise when modified to fit the values and culture of the Latino population
-addresses depression related to prejudice, discrimination and societal conditions
-involves a strong element of collaboration.Social learning theory focuses on

-direct involvement in activities
-the thought processes involved in learning
-hypothetical conditioning models
-all of the aboveCCRT therapy enactments are:

-transference issues involving the client and therapist
-reemerging core themes
-continuing maladaptive behavior
-acting out unconscious conflicts outside of therapy sessionsCognitive structures that automatically organize and give meaning to information are called:

-automatic thoughts
-distress tolerance
-Schemas
-ingrained patterns of behaviorThe psychodynamic theoretical basis for understanding depression focuses on:

-narcissistic behavior
-attachment bonds
-anxiety over unconscious impulses
-repression of past traumaMotivational interviewing assumes that:

-change is slow and short-lived
-ambivalence is a normal part of human nature
-clients are seldom able to resolve ambivalence
-clients generally fail to improve sue to limited self-directionWhen using Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT), the therapist:

-takes a nonjudgmental stance, demonstrating warmth and unconditional positive regard
-maintains neutral in a manner similar to traditional psychoanalysis
-refrains from helping the client with practical concerns
-uses a strong collaborative approach

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