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RefWorks Learn how to use RefWorks, a valuable tool in managing your citations and creating reference lists at http://library.edu/Reference. Located...

Enter key words for your topic (from this module's assignment) into the CINAHL database. Explore the results yielded by your search. Examine the various options and tools available on the results page to further refine your search. Discuss how you used this information to locate the most relevant information for your assignment.


Describe two techniques that you can apply to narrow or broaden a search. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each. Which approach will improve the effectiveness of your searches?


Develop a searchable question using the PICOT format. (The question is a single statement identifying the components of PICOT.) Refer to "Developing a Question" and "Topic 1: Checklist."


Prepare for the capstone project by listening to the audio interview, "Capstone: Planning Your Project".

Preview and utilize the "Topic 1 Checklist." This resource will assist you in organizing your work and will provide additional information regarding the assignment.

Consider the clinical environment in which you are currently working or have recently worked. Collaborate with a leader or educator in the clinical environment to identify a problem, issue, or educational deficit upon which to build a proposal for change.

In a paper of no more than 800 words, describe the nature of the problem, issue, or educational deficit. Include the following in your discussion:

  1. The setting and/or context in which the problem, issue, or educational deficit can be observed.
  2. Detailed description of the problem, issue, or educational deficit.
  3. Impact of the problem, issue, or educational deficit on the work environment, the quality of care provided by staff, and patient outcomes.
  4. Gravity of the problem, issue, or educational deficit and its significance to nursing.
  5. Proposed solution to address the problem, issue, or educational deficit.

Prepare for the capstone project by listening to the audio interview, "Capstone: Planning Your Project", located athttp://lc.gcumedia.com/zwebassets/courseMaterialPages/nrs441v_capstone.php.

Review "Topic 1: Checklist." This resource will assist you in organizing your work and will provide additional information regarding the assignment.

Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

You are not required to submit this assignment to Turnitin.


Locate a minimum of 15 peer-reviewed articles that describe the problem or issue and that support the proposed solution. Eight of the 15 articles must be research-based (e.g., a study which is qualitative, quantitative, descriptive, or longitudinal).

Hint: Begin your search for literature by utilizing the databases located in the GCU Library. Contact your faculty member, the librarian, or library staff for additional researching tips and key word suggestions.

Preview each of the 15 articles chosen by reading the article abstracts and summaries.

Hint: Article abstracts and summaries provide a concise description of the topic, research outcomes, and significance of findings.

Hint: Refer to "RefWorks" and "Topic 1: Checklist."

Perform a rapid appraisal of each article by answering the following questions (one to two sentences are sufficient to answer each question):

  1. How does each article describe the nature of the problem, issue, or deficit you have identified?
  2. Does each article provide statistical information to demonstrate the gravity of the issue, problem, or deficit?
  3. What are example(s) of morbidity, mortality, and rate of incidence or rate of occurrence in the general population?
  4. Does each article support your proposed change?

Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

You are not required to submit this assignment to Turnitin.




RefWorks Learn how to use RefWorks, a valuable tool in managing your citations and creating reference lists at http://library.gcu.edu/Reference . Located on this page are export guides for GCU databases and RefWorks product tutorials. In addition, monthly live webinars offering training and tips on the use of RefWorks are available at http://www.gcu.edu/Student-Life/Library/Webinar-Sign-Up.php If you have questions on the product, email us at [email protected] or call 800.800.9776 ext. 6396641. © 2012. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.
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Topic 1: Checklist Identifying a Problem, Developing a Question, and Selecting Sources of Literature Instructions: This checklist is designed to help students organize the weekly exercises/assignments to be completed as preparation for the final, capstone project proposal. This checklist will also serve as a communication tool between students and faculty. Comments, feedback and grading for modules 1-4 will be documented using this checklist. Topic Task Completed Comments/Feedback Points Identifying a Problem Explains setting and/or context in which nursing problem is observed. _____ / 10 Detailed description of problem, issue, or educational deficit provided. _____ / 10 Impact of problem on work environment and patient outcomes described. _____ / 5 Significance to nursing profession discussed. _____ / 5 Solution to the problem identified. _____ / 10 Total _____ / 40 © 2011. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.
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Developing a Question Identified components of PICOT: P – Population of Focus I - Intervention C - Comparison O - Outcome T-Time _____ / 30 Developed PICO question/statement. _____ / 10 Total _____ / 40 Selecting Sources of Literature Rapid Appraisal Performed (see below) on a minimum of 15 peer- reviewed articles. _____ / 100 Total _____ / 100 Rapid Appraisal Perform a rapid appraisal of each article by answering the following questions (one to two sentences are sufficient to answer each question): 1) How does each article describe the nature of the problem, issue, or deficit you have identified? 2) Does each article provide statistical information to demonstrate the gravity of the issue, problem, or deficit? 3) Example(s): morbidity, mortality, rate of incidence or rate of occurrence in the general population. 4) Does each article support your proposed change? © 2011. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.
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NRS-441V: Capstone Project Developing a Question Recall the components of PICOT from your research course: (P) Population of Focus (I) Intervention (C) Comparison (O) Outcome (T) Time Identify each of the components in relation to your topic. P – I – C – O – Then, develop a PICO question/statement. Examples of PICO questions/statements: In adult cardiac surgery patients experiencing post-operative pain (P) immediately following surgery (P), is morphine (I) or fentanyl (C), administered intravenously, more effective in reducing postoperative pain (O)? For immune-compromised patients, 50 years and older (P), does the use of pneumonia vaccine (I) reduce the future risk of pneumonia (O) compared with patients who have not received the vaccine (C)? © 2012. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.
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© 2012. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.
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CINHAL Database enables researchers, health professionals, policy makers, and students to
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