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Its chapter 7: Developmental psychology. The book is called psychology a concise introduction third edition by Richard A. Griggs.

Hello, i need help with my psy 101 homework. Its chapter 7: Developmental psychology. The book is called psychology a concise introduction third edition by Richard A. Griggs. If anyone could help me it would be greatly appreciated, thank you. The questions are posted below:


  1. The scientific study of biological, social, and personality development across the life span is called ______. a) social psychology  b) personality psychology  c) developmental psychology  d) life span psychology 
  2. Molecules of DNA that hold the genetic instructions for every cell in the body are called ______. a) zygotes  b) genes  c) chromosomes  d) germinals 
  3. For a male fetus, the father contributes a(n)_____ chromosome and the mother contributes a(n) ______ chromosome. a) X; X  b) Y; Y  c) X; Y  d) Y; X 
  4. The fetal stage of prenatal development begins at approximately ______. a) one month  b) two months  c) four months  d) six months 
  5. Which of the following statements about teratogens is false? a) The risks to prenatal development associated with alcohol increase with consumption.  b) The effects of teratogens vary depending on the time of exposure during development.  c) Teratogens can be environmental agents, diseases, or physical conditions that impair prenatal development.  d) None of these statements are false. 
  6. A newborn baby turns his toes up when his mother touches the bottom of his feet. This is an example of which of the following? a) Babinski reflex  b) curling reflex  c) grasping reflex  d) rooting reflex 
  7. Habituation procedures for studying infant competencies take advantage of the fact that infants ______. a) show a preference for familiar stimuli with greater physiological response patterns  b) show a preference for familiar stimuli with decreased physiological response patterns  c) respond to novel stimuli with high levels of physiological response that decline as the infants become familiar with the stimuli  d) respond to novel stimuli with increasing levels of physiological response as the infants become familiar with the stimuli 
  8. If an infant develops normally, you would expect his ______ to reach maturity later than his ______. a) auditory abilities; visual acuity  b) visual acuity; auditory abilities  c) color vision; visual acuity  d) auditory abilities; color vision 
  9. Studies of infant cognitive abilities reveal that very young infants: a) have some elementary understanding of object movement.  b) demonstrate the ability to understand object permanence.  c) can understand symbolic representation of objects.  d) have some elementary understanding of spatial mapping. 
  10. When 18-month-old Avery says "juice" to indicate she wants something to drink, she is using ______. a) baby talk  b) an underextension  c) a holophrase  d) telegraphic speech 
  11. By the age of ______, infants are making meaningful noises, such as "oo" and "ah," as their responses in vocal interactions. a) one month  b) two months  c) three months  d) four months 
  12. After learning to say the name of his pet dog Taco, Tristan calls every dog he sees "Taco." This best illustrates which of the following? a) overextension  b) underextension  c) use of a holophrase  d) telegraphic speech 
  13. In studying children, Jean Piaget paid particular attention to which of the following? a) memory for pictures  b) reaction time to flashing lights  c) errors in problem solving  d) extent of language development 
  14. When infants and children interpret new experiences in terms of present schemas, they engage in the process of ______. a) schema acquisition  b) assimilation  c) accommodation  d) problem solving 
  15. Piaget labeled the cognitive development stage that occurs from birth to 2 years the "sensorimotor" stage because during this period infants ______. a) experience the most rapid development in their senses and motor behaviors than at any other time across childhood  b) first learn to understand the world through their senses before using motor behavior to explore their environments  c) come to know the world by looking, listening, sucking, grasping, and manipulating  d) All of these answers are correct. 
  16. The preoperational child has difficulty with conservation tasks because he or she has a tendency to use a thinking style known as ______. a) centration  b) reversibility  c) egocentrism  d) transitivity 
  17. Dana understands that if Eddie is taller than Frank and George is taller than Eddie, then George is taller than Frank. Dana has grasped the principle of ______, characteristic of a child in the ______ stage. a) seriation; preoperational  b) seriation; concrete operational  c) transitivity; preoperational  d) transitivity; concrete operational 
  18. The primary skill children acquire in the formal operational stage of cognitive development is: a) abstract thinking.  b) scientific thinking.  c) hypothetical-deductive thinking.  d) All of these answers are correct. 
  19. Among the following statements, which is not a criticism of Piaget's theory? a) It does not consider how partial understanding of concepts may occur.  b) It fails to capture the impact of culture on cognitive development.  c) It does not accurately depict the general nature of cognitive development.  d) It does not specify how cognitive development continues after adolescence. 
  20. To encourage her students to learn to work independently, Mrs. King works individually with each of them, adjusting the amount and type of assistance to each student's needs. Mrs. King's teaching style is known as ______. a) empowering  b) potentializing  c) proximating  d) scaffolding 
  21. Which of the following is not a disadvantage of the longitudinal research design? a) time consuming  b) cohort effects  c) expensive  d) re-testing of the same participants 
  22. Based upon the results of the Seattle Longitudinal Study of intelligence, which of the following statements is the best advice for maintaining intellectual performance well into late adulthood? a) After retiring, relax and try not to overly tax your mental capacity.  b) After the age of 70, turn over some of your more difficult cognitive tasks to children or professionals.  c) Take care of your physical health and maintain intellectually stimulating activities.  d) When you retire, move into a residential community that consists primarily of adults your age. 
  23. Leonard does not stay out beyond the time his parents set for curfew because he wants to avoid being grounded. Leonard is displaying the ______ orientation, characteristic of Kohlberg's ______ morality. a) law and order; preconventional  b) punishment; preconventional  c) law and order; conventional  d) punishment; conventional 
  24. Victor does not pick a fight with his brother Wallace because he does not want to lose his TV-watching privileges. Wallace does not pick a fight with his brother Victor because he likes the praise his mother gives when they play cooperatively. According to Kohlberg, Victor's reasoning reflects a ______ level of moral reasoning and Wallace's reasoning reflects a ______ level of moral reasoning. a) preconventional; conventional  b) conventional; preconventional  c) conventional; conventional  d) preconventional; preconventional 
  25. An individual at the conventional morality stage of Kohlberg's theory would emphasize ______ when reasoning about moral dilemmas. a) punishment  b) reward  c) law and order  d) both reward and law and order 
  26. Harlow's studies that involved monkeys' reactions to ______ were similar to the ______ procedure used with human mothers and children. a) lights of unusual colors; habituation  b) lights of unusual colors; strange situation  c) unfamiliar rooms; habituation  d) unfamiliar rooms; strange situation 
  27. Temperament is ______. a) a set of innate tendencies and dispositions  b) fundamental to personality development  c) very influential in how we interact with others  d) Temperament is all of these things. 
  28. In the strange situation, Daniel is hesitant to explore and maintains close contact to his mother while she is in the room. When his mother leaves, Daniel shows high levels of distress and when she returns he alternates between clinging to her and pushing her away. It is most likely that Daniel has a(n) ______ attachment to his mother. a) insecure  b) secure  c) insecure-ambivalent  d) insecure-disorganized 
  29. When Natalie asks her mother for an extra hundred dollars to go shopping at the mall, her mother responds, "Of course, dear, are you sure that will be enough? I want you to get whatever you feel you need." It is likely that Natalie's mother has a(n) ______ parenting style. a) authoritative  b) uninvolved  c) permissive  d) ambivalent 
  30. According to Erikson, between the ages of 1 and 2, children learn to develop ______, but if unsuccessful, they experience ______. a) autonomy; shame  b) autonomy; mistrust  c) initiative; shame  d) initiative; mistrust 
  31. According to Erikson's psychosocial theory, if an older adult finds his life has been meaningful, he will likely achieve a sense of ______. a) integrity  b) generativity  c) initiative  d) autonomy 
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