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EXAM 3 pool Spring 2016 GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. Gender is to ___________ as sex is to __________. a. XX; XY b. genetic; biological c. biological; genetic d. biological; psychosocial e. psychosocial; biological ____ 2. The psychological experience of being female or male is called one's: a. gender role. b. gender awareness. c. gender. d. gender identity. e. sex. ____ 3. The fact that individuals born with ambiguous genital structures develop a gender identity consistent with the way in which they are raised (regardless of genetic sex) suggests that: a. gender identity is not completely biologically determined. b. gender identity remains malleable until puberty. c. gender identity is established at birth. d. biology has the strongest influence on gender identity. e. nature triumphs over nurture. ____ 4. Edward has a transgender identity, which means that: a. he represents a rare form of homosexuality. b. he has mixed genital structures. c. his sex and gender identity are in conflict. d. his gender identity is ambiguous. e. he likes to dress in women's clothes. ____ 5. Fixed, conventional views regarding masculinity and femininity are referred to as: a. gender ideals. b. gender roles. c. gender identities. d. gender-role stereotypes. e. sexual norms. ____ 6. All of the following describe aspects of the gender-role stereotype of females in American culture EXCEPT: a. dependency. b. assertiveness. c. patience. d. kindness. e. submissiveness.
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____ 7. A male born into American culture will probably be encouraged to be all of the following EXCEPT: a. nurturing. b. independent. c. dominant. d. protective. e. tough. ____ 8. Gender identity has __________, whereas gender roles have __________. a. genetic origins; environmental origins b. social origins; environmental origins c. environmental origins; social origins d. social origins; genetic and environmental origins e. genetic and environmental origins; social origins ____ 9. Which type of aggression, if any, are females more likely than males to display? a. Physical aggression b. Relational aggression c. Aggressive play d. Overt aggression e. None. Males show higher levels than females on all types of aggression. ____ 10. Carol and Darrell are twins. Other factors being equal, which pattern is predicted for their behavior? a. Carol and Darrell are equally likely to be physically aggressive. b. Darrell and Carol are equally likely to engage in relational aggression. c. Darrell is more likely than Carole to use physical and relational aggression. d. Carol is more likely than Darrell to use physical and relational aggression. e. Darrell is more likely to use physical aggression, whereas Carol is more likely to use relational aggression. ____ 11. Based on the discussion of gender-typed behavior in the text, which of the following statements is TRUE? a. Sociocultural theorists emphasize that women and men are genetically predisposed to certain gender-typed traits because these traits have adaptive value for the species. b. According to gender-schema theory, children develop mental representations of femininity and masculinity and then begin to act in ways consistent with their schemas. c. Research on androgyny suggests that masculinity and femininity are opposite poles on a single continuum. d. The evolutionary perspective focuses on the roles of observational learning and reinforce- ment in the development of gender-typed behavior. e. Social-cognitive theorists emphasize that gender roles represent cultural adaptations that have help societies adapt to environmental demands. ____ 12. Tom has a disability that severely impairs his ability to read and is more common in boys than girls. Which of the following disabilities is Tom most likely to have? a. Dysphoria b. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder c. Dysthymia
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