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__________________ Religion 1301/Prof. Lewin (1) Quiz 1 (6/19/2016) Explicit accounts/definitions of the concept (or category) of religion are...

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Name:__________________ Religion 1301/Prof. Lewin Quiz 1 (6/19/2016) (1) Explicit accounts/defniTons oF the concept (or category) oF religion are ___a___. (a) truly ancient phenomena, daTng back to the very earliest historical records we can Fnd. (b) according to most religious scholars and our textbook, really, very easy to provide and there is li±le disagreement or di²erence between the accounts o²ered. (c) completely unworkable and hopeless. (d) relaTvely recent phenomena, daTng back to around the European Enlightenment. (2) What is the etymology/linguist root oF the word “religion”? What context did the word or concept arise? Old LaTn word religio deFned as forbidden/taboo, limitaTon. Religion originates from the two words re and ligare. Re is a preFx importance return and ligare intends to bind. (3) Which oF the Following concepTons/defniTons oF religion was not one that we covered? (a) Sociologist Emile Durkheim’s concepTon of religion, that (over) emphasizes its social nature. (b) Cultural Anthropologist Melford Spiro’s concepTon of religion as “an insTtuTon consisTng of culturally pa±erned interacTon with culturally postulated superhuman beings.” (c) Linguist Noam Chomsky’s (overly) criTcal deFniTon of religion as a series of irraTonal, spiritual beliefs o³en resulTng in immoral acTons of surrounding solidarity movements. (d) Protestant ´heologian Paul ´illich’s (over) emphasis on the existenTal aspects of religion in his view that “the religious aspect points to that which is ulTmate, inFnite, and uncondiTonal in man’s spiritual life. Religion, in the most basic sense of the word, is ulTmate concern.” (4) What is methodological agnosTcism and what does it require that we do in religious studies? Methodological agnosTcism implies that conFrmaTon is drawn nearer in a manner that supernatural and divine agency is thought to be mysterious and accordingly should be overlooked for study. (5) HenotheisTc religions these are religions that belief in and worship of one god while accepTng the existence or possible existence of other deiTes. (6) What are three prominent, recurring quesTons answered in some Form in nearly every religious tradiTon? What is UlTmate Reality? How should we live in this world? What is our UlTmate Purpose? (7) Gerald Larson’s account oF the concept oF religion is praised by the authors oF our textbook For its di±erenTaTon From Geetz’s in what two ways? (8) ´he authors of the textbook, “InvitaTon to World Religions” o²er what as their deFniTon of religion? What sort of account of religion do they take it to be? (9) What is the phenomenon oF heirophany ? hierophany reFers to a maniFestaTon oF the sacred. ´he word hierophany recurs frequently in the works of the religious historian Mircea Eliade, which he preferred to the more constricTve word theophany (an appearance of a god). Page 1 of 6
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Name:__________________ Eliade argues that religion is based on a sharp disTncTon between the sacred (God, gods, mythical ancestors, etc.) and the profane. According to Eliade, for tradiTonal man, myths describe "breakthroughs of the sacred (or the 'supernatural') into the World"—that is, hierophanies. (10) A religious understanding of the nature of the world/universe including its origin, how it is ordered, and its relaTon or status vis-à-vis the sacred, transcendent, or divine is called a religious _studies________ . (11) Monism is the belief that _______________ . denies the existence of a disTncTon or duality in some sphere, such as that between ma±er and mind, or God and the world. only one supreme being exists. (12) __Science________________________ are powerful sources of sacred truth (someTmes in a deeper, not always literal sense). In religious studies, they do not carry with the (now typical) connotaTon or implicaTon of falsehood . Originally conveyed orally, they oFen consist of stories or narraTves involving primordial Tmes about the origins of the world, universe, and/or human beings. (13) ±rue or false: If a religion o²ers a revealed ethics it cannot likewise emphasize the role of individual conscience or pracTcal wisdom in moral deliberaTons. true Religion 1301/Prof. Lewin Quiz 1 (6/19/2016) (14) Rudolf O³o’s noTon of the experience of the transcendent as numinous experience might be problemaTc for what reasons? O±o starts The Idea of the Holy by arguing that the non-raTonal in religion must be given its due importance, then goes on to introduce and develop his noTon of the numinous. As a kind of Frst approximaTon for the wholly new concept he is giving us, O±o characterizes the numinous as the holy (i.e. God) minus its moral and raTonal aspects. A li±le more posiTvely, it is the ine²able core of religion: the experience of it cannot to be described in terms of other experiences. (15) Karl Marx and Sigmund ´reud both o²ered ______________ that were _______ of religion. (16) Name four disciplines o³en appealed to in the mulTdisciplinary study of religion. (17) Which of the following is not one of the phenomena that the authors of our textbook discuss in relaTon to religions in the modern world? (a) CompartmentalizaTon (d) GlobalizaTon (b) Religion and Science (e) MulTculturalism (c) ModernizaTon (f) UrbanizaTon (18) ´he academic approach to the study of religions (religious studies) a±empts to balance _________________ perspecTves, which provides the best vantage point on the lived realiTes of pracTcing the religion but may be Page 2 of 6
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Name: __________________ Religion 1301/Prof. Lewin Quiz 1 (6/19/2016) (1) Explicit accounts/definitions of the concept (or category) of religion are ___a___.
(a) Truly ancient phenomena, dating...

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