Identifying Schedules of Reinforcement
For each of the following scenarios, determine
whether the schedule of reinforcement is variable ratio/interval, fixed ratio/interval, or continuous.
4. A worker gets paid for a job by receiving a check every two weeks.
5. A child is sometimes given 50 cents for cleaning her room but frequently is not paid.
6. A person receives a free haircut only after paying for ten.
7. A dog is given a dog biscuit every time he obeys the command to "roll over."
8. A professional athlete renegotiates his contract every third year
Identifying the Components of a Classically Conditioned Response
For each of the following, identify the UCS, UCR, CS, and CR: Each response is worth 1 point for a total of 4 points per question.
9. Alexander is four years old. One night his parents decided to light a fire in the family room fireplace. A burning ember jumped out of the fireplace and landed on Alexander's leg, creating a nasty burn. He cried because the burn hurt. A week later, when Alexander's parents start to light another fire in the fireplace, Alexander begins to cry.
10. Emily is driving to work during a heavy snowstorm when the brake lights on the car ahead of her come on. She hits her brakes but is unable to avoid hitting the car. She is badly shaken up in the accident. The next time she is driving in the snow she notices that she tenses up every time she sees brake lights come on ahead of her.
11. When Ann was a college freshman, she was assigned to live in a very old dormitory. The old plumbing system produced a problem when one person was taking a shower and one person need to flush the toilet—shortly after a person flushed the toilet, all of the cold water left the shower leaving only the hot water. The first time this happened, Ann was scalded by the hot water. She yelped and jumped back. The next day, as soon as she heard the toilet flush she jumped back.