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Social cognitive theory posits that human functioning results from

reciprocal interactions among personal factors, such as cognitions, emotions, behaviors, and environmental conditions. It contends that learners set goals that they feel self-efficacious about attaining and believe that when attained will result in positive outcomes. Bandura's theory identifies two types of expectations—outcome expectation and efficacy expectation. Outcome expectations are beliefs about the likely consequences of actions (Bandura, 1986).Efficacy expectations, or self-efficacy, refer to personal beliefs about an individual's capabilities to learn or perform actions at designated levels (Bandura, 1997).
Based on your understanding of the above and relevant research, answer the following questions:

-What is self-efficacy and what is the self-efficacy model based on?
-Research an article that provides information on self-efficacy and addictions. Using the information provided from that and your course readings explain why self-efficacy may be important in effectively treating addictions.

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