Solved by Expert Tutors
Solved by Expert Tutors
Question

PSYC 245 Social Psychology 1. Inoculation and Anti-Smoking Campaigns


According to inoculation theory, exposing people to weak attacks on their attitudes may help


them to resist powerful attacks by helping them to develop counterattacks. Thus, somewhat


paradoxically, a good way to strengthen an existing attitude is to mildly challenge the attitude.


Using this social influence approach, Peterson et al. (2000) conducted a $15 million longitudinal


study over a 15-year period designed to persuade children not to smoke. The program involved


over 8,000 schoolchildren and 640 teachers in 40 school districts in Washington State. Part of the


anti-smoking training included classes designed to give children the skills to ignore social


pressure to smoke, to teach them about the danger of smoking, and to provide a motivation to


remain smoke-free throughout life (i.e., inoculation). Unfortunately, after 15 years, the program


did not work! More than a fourth of the former schoolchildren in the study are now regular


smokers, about the same rate as that among those who did not receive the special classes.


  • Discuss why inoculation was not successful, and more importantly, what techniques may work better to curb smoking?



2. Are Some Gender Stereotypes Accurate?


Whereas most psychology researchers work to dispel common gender stereotypes, David Geary


(1996,1998) argues that many stereotypes are accurate. After reviewing more than 1,200 studies


by psychologists, biologists, and anthropologists, Geary concluded that gender stereotypes—such


as the belief that men never help out around the house and women gossip—are generally true.


Geary believes these stereotypical behaviors are strongly influenced by nature and rooted in


evolutionary sexual strategies essential for attracting mates and reproduction. For example, the


data shows that men from around the world compete for social dominance and cultural success, and that men who


achieve cultural success have more mating opportunities and, consequently, more children.


Because males are competing for success, they spend more time away from home and are less


involved with raising the children (and helping around the house). Women, on the other hand,


compete for males that have cultural success, so to increase their odds, they gossip and spread


rumors to shun potential competitors.


  • Do you think these claims have any validity or legitimacy? Do you agree that many gender stereotypes are accurate? Why or why not?

Step-by-step answer

Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio.acinia pulvi

m ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, d

Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel

tesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar to

ng elit. N

ur laoreet. Nam risus

Subscribe to view the full answer

Why Join Course Hero?

Course Hero has all the homework and study help you need to succeed! We’ve got course-specific notes, study guides, and practice tests along with expert tutors.

  • -

    Study Documents

    Find the best study resources around, tagged to your specific courses. Share your own to gain free Course Hero access.

    Browse Documents
  • -

    Question & Answers

    Get one-on-one homework help from our expert tutors—available online 24/7. Ask your own questions or browse existing Q&A threads. Satisfaction guaranteed!

    Ask a Question