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Question:Question:Question 17

The author of your text believes that anatomical differences between males and females played no role in structuring divisions of responsibilities between the sexes in human societies.



Question 18

In stimulus-response (S-R) theory, humans learn

by building experience upon forms of thought which exist in all people prior to birth.

partly because they are motivated by natural curiosity about the world around them.


from physical but not social rewards.

Question 19

If someone is unable to do such things as reason from hypothetical situations that do not exist in the real world, or formulate and draw deductions from abstract theories, they have not yet reached

the concrete operational stage of development.

the formal operational stage of development.


their teenage years.

Question 20 

Many people believe that playing Mozart to infants raises their IQs.



Question 21

Angela the waitress is serious and intense while serving her customers in a very formal, expensive restaurant. But when she goes into the kitchen, she is immediately relaxed and playful. This illustrates Erving Goffman's distinction between

costumes and props.

(front) stage and backstage.

stage and theatre.

individual work and teamwork.

Question 22

The fact that ____ contradicts what we would expect to find if the S-R (stimulus-response) theory of language was strictly true.

children use certain words more when they are rewarded for doing so

language cannot be learned in social isolation

children often say things they could not have heard from anyone else

there is no such thing as a "language instinct"

Question 23

The New Guinean tribe that Margaret Mead claimed had males and females who were both "feminine" was called the





Question 24

____ is learned during the ____ stage of development.

abstract thinking; formal operational

rule of conservation; formal operational

abstract thinking; concrete operational

the ability to formulate hypotheses about the real world; pre-operational

Question 25

The claim that listening to Mozart can increase the IQ of infants and young children

is founded upon a great deal of sound scientific research.

was first made by researchers who published their study in the prestigious scientific journal, Nature.

contributed to a Florida law requiring that all child-care facilities which receive state aid must play classical music for at least half an hour a day.

shows that normal development in infants can be substantially accelerated.

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